DE Conferentie 2006 Paul Wouters

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DE Conferentie 2006 Paul Wouters

  1. 1. Web archieven vooronderzoek - zit daar muziek in? Paul Wouters
  2. 2. Reasons and dilemmas• online activities • new archiving paradigm• no reliable archive • huge technical and available financial task • storage difficult• longitudinal research challenge• comparative research • what to archive?• sharing Website data • how often to archive?• cultural heritage • at what level & granularity? • future questions?
  3. 3. Collecting multiple impressions of the “same” site over time T1 Link across base T2 URLs T3 T4Starting with the Timesame base URL Link across similar URLs
  4. 4. Preserving bits, content, experience • …bits – “retain the exact bit sequence of the original.” • …content – “retain the content (e.g., the words in a text or the appearance of an image) but not the full interactive nature of a Web site.” • …experience – “retain the entire experience of interacting with the digital material, including the look and feel, and execution of dynamic elements.”Source:Arms et al, 2001: Collecting and Preserving the Web: The Minerva Prototypehttp://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews5-2.html#feature1
  5. 5. In other words …• The document may not be the best basic concept• Both boundaries and links need to be considered• Specific attention for design needs to be developed• Web archiving lies at the heart of history and heritage• Scholarship central both to creation and use of Web archives
  6. 6. What is already clear (1)• Dynamics of Web behaviour difficult to archive• All technical puzzles (what/how/how often/storage) are also conceptual choices• Hyperlink structure central feature• Ways of searching the archives key issue• Generic archive interface should not “blackbox” styles of research
  7. 7. What is already clear (2)• Web is highly skewed representation of culture• Complex relationship between action & online representation• Context still counts - the need for off-line studies• Metadata critical, both human-made and machine-generated• Creating Web archives entails shaping the historical record of cultural representation
  8. 8. Elements of a research agenda• balance broad and narrow crawls• heritage archiving <-> research archiving• relationship research styles and archive accessibility• multilevel infrastructures to support small projects• role of scholars in constructing culture• ethics of Web archiving• non-academic use of Web archives• unexpected consequences (lock-ins)
  9. 9. Last but not least ...Serious Web archiving requires “grand coalition”

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