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# Qcl 14-v3 cause-effect_diagram_banasthali_vidyapith_deepakshi_jain

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poor placement in colleges is shown with the help of cause effect diagram. this is done by deepakshi jain, aditi mathur and dharika kapil of banasthali university .

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### Qcl 14-v3 cause-effect_diagram_banasthali_vidyapith_deepakshi_jain

1. 1. POOR PLACEMENT OF STUDENTS
2. 2. CAUSE EFFECT DIAGRAM  It is a tool that helps identify , sort and display possible causes of a specific problem or quality characteristic.  It graphically illustrates the relationship between a given outcome and all the factors that influence the outcome.  This type of diagram is sometimes called an “Ishikawa diagram” because it was invented by Kaoru Ishikawa, or a “fishbone diagram “ because of the way it looks.
3. 3. PURPOSE OF CE DIAGRAM  To act as a first step in problem solving by generating a comprehensive list of possible causes.  It can lead to immediate identification of major causes and point to the potential remedial actions or, failing this, it may indicate the best potential areas for further exploration and analysis.  At a minimum, preparing a CE diagram will lead to greater understanding of the problem.
4. 4. WHY- WHY TECHNIQUE The 5 Whys is an iterative question-asking technique used to explore the cause-and- effect relationships underlying a particular problem. The primary goal of the technique is to determine the root cause of a defect or problem. (The "5" in the name derives from an empirical observation on the number of iterations typically required to resolve the problem.)
5. 5. EXAMPLE The vehicle will not start. (the problem)  Why? - The battery is dead. (first why)  Why? - The alternator is not functioning. (second why)  Why? - The alternator belt has broken. (third why)  Why? - The alternator belt was well beyond its useful service life and not replaced. (fourth why)  Why? - The vehicle was not maintained according to the recommended service schedule. (fifth why, a root cause)
6. 6. It is interesting to note that the last answer points to a process. This is one of the most important aspects in the 5 Why approach - the real root cause should point toward a process that is not working well or does not exist. Untrained facilitators will often observe that answers seem to point towards classical answers such as not enough time, not enough investments, or not enough manpower. These answers may be true, but they are out of our control. Therefore, instead of asking the question why?, ask why did the process fail? A key phrase to keep in mind in any 5 Why exercise is "people do not fail, processes do".
7. 7. REASONS FOR POOR PLACEMENTS
8. 8. POOR PLACEMENT OF STUDENTS PLACEMENT Personal issues Lack of practical skills HR don’t come to every college Lack of counseling Working environment
9. 9.  Difference between practical knowledge of industries or corporate world and academic curriculum.  Lack of communication between college placement cell and companies.  HR people don't recruit students from every college.
10. 10. PROBLEMS FACED BY THE STUDENTS
11. 11.  Students only concentrate on the theory part of the syllabus as they help them to earn marks. They don’t felt the need to learn the practical aspects as they only concern with the passing marks.  There is no proper guidance to the students which make them familiar with the company’s environment.
12. 12. The Burgess study identified seven main and often inter-connected reasons why placements were unsuccessful :  The personal circumstances of students (for example health, bereavement, family tragedy)  A ‘personality clash’ between the student and the practice teacher or link supervisor  Travelling distance from student’s home to placement  The placement not providing enough or the right work experience  Insufficient support for the student  Inexperience of the practice teacher  The student’s academic or writing ability
13. 13.  Colleges are not able to call the renowned companies as this recruitment part is a cost function to the company and hiring students from each and every college is not an easy task.  Sometimes some companies are restricted to recruit students only from the same city in which they are. Overall, all the students don’t get equal opportunity in terms of placements from the colleges.
14. 14. SOMETHING FROM WHICH EACH AND EVERY STUDENT IS SCARED OF FOR THE VERY FIRST TIME
15. 15. SOLUTIONS
16. 16.  Colleges can tie up with private companies ( e.g. Resumerust.com) who guide students for their personality development and can deliver some lectures over it.  Today, this market is growing at a faster pace who provides counseling and PD programs.  Even college can start an open house counseling cell in its campus.
17. 17.  Job fairs should be organized by the colleges so that each and every student can become familiar with the market.  Industrial visits should be included in the academic curriculum so that the students may start working on the practical skills from this period onwards.  Guest lectures from the corporate world or industrial experts should be delivered to the students.
18. 18. From the internship programs, students got to know the working environment and conditions of the company.
19. 19. LESSONS LEARNED BY US
20. 20.  As we are proceeding with each of our task further, we came to know more practical types of problem solving aspects.  As experienced further also, we enjoyed ourselves a lot while working on this project.  We earlier had no idea of what a CE diagram is but now we are able to provide effective solutions to any problem with the help of this technique.
21. 21.  CE diagram helps to directly approach the root causes of the problem.  As diagrams better explain a condition than words ,so this technique is really an important step for problems detecting departments and should be implemented extensively.  We believe that students themselves should do some efforts to learn the practical skills that a company demands.
22. 22. While discussing this topic with our seniors and teachers, we came across a point that ensuring a job in a good firm is not in the hands of any institute, they can only call upon the companies but it is the ability and the capability of the student to stand and compete in this fast growing corporate world with his personality and intelligence.
23. 23. THANK YOU !!! A PRESENTATION BY- DEEPAKSHI JAIN ADITI MATHUR DHARIKA KAPIL