B-FAST mission cycle

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B-FAST mission cycle

  1. 1. B-FAST mission cycle ISCRAM Summer School 2012Created by: Marc Devalckeneer
  2. 2. The B-FAST history Turkey France Eartquake Hurricane 1999 Marianne 2000Royal Decree23 Feb 2003 Lessons Learned A Federal approach Is a must Ministerial Decision November 2000 Creation of B-FAST
  3. 3. General International context UN EU - MIC EU - MIC EADRCC OCHA Monitoring and Monitoring and (NATO) OSLO Information Information guidelines &guidelines Centre Centre procedures OCHA: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs EADRCC: Euro Atlantic Disaster Relief Coordination Centre
  4. 4. The phases of a disaster DISASTER
  5. 5. B-FAST Structure COUNCIL OF MINISTERS B-FAST COORDINATION COUNCIL SECRETARIAT ADVISORY PLANNING COMMITTEECOMMITTEE HOME AFFAIRS DEFENCE PUBLIC HEALTHPRIME MINISTER FINANCES DEVELOPMENT FOREIGN AFFAIRS • All participants in the different modules • Liaison with the LEMA, the Belgian Embassies & International Organisations
  6. 6. Coordination CouncilExecutive body of B-FAST • Takes decisions on Mid and Long term Planning • Approves the proposals on Budget and Investments • Approves the draft of SOP’s (Standard Operation Procedures) • Takes decisions on the proposal for action drafted by the Planning Committee & Advisory Committee Proposals for Operation and submit it to the Council of Ministers for approvalMeetings • Periodically at least twice a year & when a disaster occurs
  7. 7. Planning Committee• Assessment of means, options and costs• Submit to the Co-ordination Council proposal of Operation• Assist the Co-ordination Council in the implementation of the operation• Sets up working groupsMeetings: Operations: When a disaster is reported Periodically: working groups…
  8. 8. B-FAST MeansHome Affairs Public Health • Civil Protection & Fire • Field Hospital brigades • IDP Camp • USAR • Federal Police: DVI - Disaster • Co-ordination experts Victim Identification • vaccination • Co-ordination • water purification • … • Medic USARDefence • Transport Logistical Support • CIS - Communication & Information System • Humanitarian goods • Co-ordination
  9. 9. A Modular System B-FAST Standard ModuleHead of Mission Liaison- & Press Officer Logistical SupportSafety & Security Administration & Budget Communication Medical Support
  10. 10. Airdrop B-FAST Burn sets Specific Modules Floods Vaccination Air Transport AMP – Advanced Medical Post Pollution DVI – Disaster Victim Identification USAR – Urban Search & Rescue IDP – Internally Displaced PersonsDelivery of Humanitarian Goods Air Cargo Handling & Warehousing Team Field Hospital (base, Inpatient, Outpatient, Mother Child )
  11. 11. Urban Search And Rescue team Module Each team counts 27 persons Team 1 Medium Team 3 Team 2
  12. 12. Humanitarian Goods ModuleBlanketsFood (MRE’s)WaterSand BagsTents
  13. 13. • Medical support• logistics• Food & beverages• Shelter & sanitation• Technical support• Personal equipment
  14. 14. IDP ModuleInternally Displaced Persons 400 Tents 400 Lanterns 400 Buckets 400 H2O jerry cans 400 Cooking sets 400 Petrol Stoves 2000 Blankets 30 Bales Sheeting
  15. 15. Turkey Earthquake
  16. 16. Advanced Medical Post
  17. 17. 1. PURPOSETo provide immediate basic, essential Field Hospitalcurative, preventive and communityhealth care in emergency situations,where local medical facilities areinsufficient or have been destroyed.2. CAPACITYThis emergency unit has a principalcapacity of up to 30000 populationserved, using a modular approachadjusting to the actual needs. Thereis a secondary capacity of 20overnight beds. The unit is self-contained for one month.3. PRINCIPAL TASKS3. 1. Outpatient curativeBasic treatment according to WHObasic treatment protocols, usingWHO Essential Drug lists.Services, with 10 to 20 "overnightbeds" mainly for diarrhoeal andobservation cases.3. 2. Preventive Mother and ChildHealth Care (MCH)Services, with an immunizationcapacity for epidemics such asmeasles.Deliveries (very simple delivery bed ).
  18. 18. Field HospitalreceptionFirst aid &minor pathologyOperation theatreRecovery room 15 x25m² = 375m²PharmacyLogistics/administrationCatering/shelter
  19. 19. Operation Criteria• Operations in countries disaster victim with the exclusion of the armed conflicts• World Wide (with a focus on 6000 km)• Based on different scenari, earthquakes, landslides, floods, volcanic eruption, vegetation fires, droughts, famine,…• International scope (knowledge, procedures,…)• Interdepartmental “ad hoc” composition• Self sustainable for max. 10 days unless otherwise decided by the Council of Ministers• Federal action in co-ordination with international organizations, NGO’s, and the affected country• Only during the Emergency Phase• Engagement only after the official request of the affected country
  20. 20. B-FAST operations in 2001 Poland Algeria JUL 01 NOV 01 Floods Landslides UkraineEl Salvador MAA 01FEB 01 FloodsLandslides Peru JUN 01 Earthquake Bosnia-Herzegovina JUN-JUL Floods
  21. 21. B-FAST operations in 2002 Albania SEP 02 Floods Czech Rep. AUG 02 Floods UkraineSpain/Portugal AUG 02NOV 02 FloodsOil pollution DRC GOMA JAN - FEB 02 Vulcano outburst Morocco NOV 02 Floods, landslides, Industrial accidents Iran JUN 02 Floods
  22. 22. B-FAST operations in 2003 Algeria March EarthquakeFranceDec 03Floods Filippines Dec 03 /Jan 04 Landslides Iran Bam Dec 03/Jan 04 Earthquake
  23. 23. B-FAST operations in 2004 Paraguay (Asuncion) Aug 04 Fire in warehouse Filippines Dec 04 Tornado Morocco Dec 03 / Jan 04Al Hoseima landslides Feb 04Earthquake Iran Bam Dec 03/Jan 04 Earthquake
  24. 24. B-FAST operations in 2005 ThailandRomania Jan 05 Jul 05 Tsunami DVIFloods Indonesia Jan 05 Niger Tsunami Aug 05 (UN BaseStarvation Camp)BulgariaAug 05 Floods Pakistan Okt 05 VS Earthquake Aug 05 Tornado Katrina
  25. 25. B-FAST operations in 2006 RoemeniaSuriname Apr 06May 06 FloodsFloodsUNDAC Bulgaria Apr 06 FloodsEthiopiaAug 06 Floods
  26. 26. B-FAST operations in 2007 Earthquake PeruFinancial contribution UNDAC mission Pakistan Mexico Floods & landslides UNDAC mission Financial contribution Ghana
  27. 27. B-FAST operations in 2008 Earthquake CHINA Mei 2008 Mission 1: IDP Mission 2: Field Hospital HAITI MYANMARUNDAC mission Tropical cyclone 10 WHO kits Water purification station
  28. 28. B-FAST operations in 2009 SUMATRA Earthquake Water purification station EGYPT / GAZAEvacuation wounded children
  29. 29. B-FAST operations in 2010 Floods Romania Supply of water purification station and generators Explosion DR Congo Earthquake Haïti Floods Albanië Supply of medicinesMission 1: USAR, Field Hospital medical coaching Supply of boats and Mission 2: Field Hospital medicines Mission 3: referral hospital
  30. 30. B-FAST operations in 2011 EQ Turkey IDP-camp Moldova EADRCC – NATO – exercise AMP and USAR
  31. 31. B-FAST operations in 2012 Blast ammunition depot Supply of medicines medical coaching
  32. 32. Chronology of Actions 1 2 3• Pre-Alert • End of Operation: (if possible) hand over &• Official Request disengagement• Assessment • Completion of Implementation stocks: maintenance• Draft Proposal of & refurbishment of the Operation Operation • Debriefing• Approval of the Proposal of • Lessons learnt Operation • Mission Report
  33. 33. Haiti Earthquake
  34. 34. Tuesday January 12 2010• 23.15 “Red earthquake alert (6.5M,depth:40km) in Haiti (Aboni) 12/1 21:53UTC, Pop100km:5.6m www.gdacs.org – JRC”• 23.19 “Red earthquake alert (7.3M,depth:0km) in Haiti (Aboni) 12/1 21:53UTC, Pop100km:5.8m www.gdacs.org – JRC”• 23.45 “Red earthquake alert (7.2M,depth:33km) in Haiti (Bras Droit) 12/1 22:12UTC, Pop100km:5.4m www.gdacs.org – JRC” 35
  35. 35. Wednesday January 13• Throughout the night: monitoring via V-OSOCC and GDACS 36
  36. 36. 37
  37. 37. Wednesday January 13• Throughout the night: monitoring via V-OSOCC and GDACS• 06.00 – 08.00: consulting partners via phone/e-mail “Alert : examining possibility mission Haiti.• 08.00: pre-alarm Check availability for next 2 weeks and communicate through email.• 10.00: meeting planning committee B-FAST USAR as well as medical team. 40
  38. 38. 41
  39. 39. Issues to considerAccessability of disaster area Deployment time (USAR) Political considerations Cost Means of transport Needs assessment Request for assisstance Security situation Response other countries 42
  40. 40. Wednesday January 13• Throughout the night: monitoring via V-OSOCC and GDACS• 06.00 – 08.00: consulting partners via phone/e-mail• 08.00: pre-alarm• 10.00: meeting planning committee B-FAST• 12.00: executing decision of sending USAR team and field hospital; SMS & e-mail 43
  41. 41. 44
  42. 42. Briefing Wednesday evening 45
  43. 43. 46
  44. 44. 47
  45. 45. 48
  46. 46. 23.30: B-FAST is airborne 49
  47. 47. 14 January 06.00: Arrival at airport of Port-au-Prince 50
  48. 48. 51
  49. 49. USAR Operations 14-17 January
  50. 50. USAR Operations
  51. 51. Base of Operations
  52. 52. 55
  53. 53. Haiti Earthquake: damage assessments
  54. 54. Field Hospital14/01 – 05/02
  55. 55. Field Hospital: triage 58
  56. 56. Field Hospital: emergency care 59
  57. 57. Field Hospital: Interventions 60
  58. 58. Field Hospital: in patient 61
  59. 59. Field Hospital: warehouse 62
  60. 60. Field Hospital: logistics (food, shelter, ….) 63
  61. 61. Field Hospital: sanitation, waste management, ….. 64
  62. 62. 65
  63. 63. Wednesday 20 January 2010• Meanwhile In Belgium• 12.51 Naschok in Haiti. Contact gehad met voltallig B- FAST team : allen OK. Wij houden jullie op de hoogte. B-FAST Nouvelle secousse en Haiti. Contact avec tous les membres B-FAST : tous OK. On vous tient au courant. B-FAST 66
  64. 64. Out of Hospital 67
  65. 65. Haiti Earthquake: IDP concentrations
  66. 66. Disengagement / handover
  67. 67. 71
  68. 68. End of mission 72
  69. 69. Outputs / Humanitarian impact• USAR: 3 victims extracted alive from the rubble• FH rotation 1: 800 patients, approx. 15 surgeries per day• FH rotation 2: 3000 patients, treated in field hospital & OOHM
  70. 70. After a mission• Return home, spend time with family and friends, take some rest• Be aware of own reactions, both mentally and physically• Take part in a technical debriefing• Share experience• Prepare for the next mission 74
  71. 71. Questions ?

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