Misra,D.C. (2009) 6 Choice Belief Developing E Gov Curriculum


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This is a presentation made by me in an international symposium on Distance Learning as an E-infrastructures Application: Innovation and Future Trends organized by European Commission under joint BELIEF, 6 CHOICE projects in New Delhi, India, January 29, 2009, http://www.beliefproject.org/events/belief-indian-symposium

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Misra,D.C. (2009) 6 Choice Belief Developing E Gov Curriculum

  1. 1. A joint BELIEF, 6 CHOICE projects symposium Distance Learning as an e- Infrastructures application: Innovation and future trends India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, January 28-29, 2009
  2. 2. Ten Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum <ul><li>A Presentation by </li></ul><ul><li>Dr D.C.Misra </li></ul><ul><li>E-governance Researcher and Consultant </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dr D.C.Misra E-governance Researcher and Consultant <ul><li>-- Former Chairman, Task Force for IT Policy for Delhi, </li></ul><ul><li>-- Chief Knowledge Officer, Government of Mauritius, Port Louis under aegis of Commonwealth Secretariat, London, and </li></ul><ul><li>-- President, Council of State Industrial Development and Investment Corporations of India </li></ul><ul><li>Address : C-183 Madhuvan, Madhuvan Marg, New Delhi-110092 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 2245 2431 Email: dc_misra@hotmail.com </li></ul>
  4. 4. I Introduction <ul><li>E-infrastructure is essential for e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>However, its utilisation by creating requisite content is equally important otherwise the investment made goes waste </li></ul><ul><li>An attempt has been made in this presentation to identify emerging challenges in development of e-governance training curriculum </li></ul>
  5. 5. Define the Target Group <ul><li>Legislators who are at least graduates </li></ul><ul><li>Serving civil servants </li></ul><ul><li>Employees of technology companies </li></ul><ul><li>Employees of civil society organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Graduates who are interested in e-governance </li></ul>
  6. 6. II Overview <ul><li>I Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>II Emerging Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Turf War </li></ul><ul><li>Global and Local </li></ul><ul><li>State and Citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Government and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Items for Inclusion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Overview <ul><li>Theory and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Generalist and Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning and Training </li></ul><ul><li>III Conclusion: A Summing Up </li></ul>
  8. 8. II Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-1 <ul><li>There is no standard curriculum in e-governance </li></ul><ul><li>Every stakeholder is pulling e-governance to his own practice or discipline </li></ul><ul><li>This has prevented consolidation of e-governance </li></ul><ul><li>And led to fragmentation of e-governance </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Turf War in E-governance <ul><li>Select Stakeholders involved in Turf War </li></ul>Political Scientist Technologist Vendor Legal Expert Software Engineer Electronics Engineer Open Source Volunteer E-government Manager Journalist Legislator Civil Society Organisation Citizen International Organisation Academic E-governance
  10. 10. The Turf War in E-governance <ul><li>Challenge No.1 </li></ul><ul><li>How to end the turf war in e-governance and make e-governance curriculum inter-disciplinary? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-2 <ul><li>Being Web-based, e-governance is global in character </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries of nation states have become irrelevant in the age of Internet </li></ul><ul><li>There is great exchange of ideas, information and knowledge worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>But the needs of the people are at local level where they work and live </li></ul>
  12. 12. Global Characteristics and Local Needs <ul><li>Internet </li></ul>World Wide Web Discussion Groups Blogs Wiki Twitter Local Needs Quality of Life Livelihood Security Safety Technology Citizens E-governance Citizens
  13. 13. Global Characteristics and Local Needs <ul><li>Challenge No.2 </li></ul><ul><li>How to blend global characteristics of e-governance with local needs in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-3 <ul><li>State has its own demand for e-governance, typically for improvement in internal processes </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens have their own demand for e-governance, typically for better service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>State would like to have a governance-centric e-governance </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens would like to have a citizen-centric e-governance </li></ul>
  15. 15. State and Citizen <ul><li>State vs Citizen </li></ul>Governance-centric E-governance Citizen-centric E-governance State Citizen Technology Technology Technology E-governance
  16. 16. State and Citizen <ul><li>Challenge No.3 </li></ul><ul><li>How to balance the requirements of state and requirements of citizens in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-4 <ul><li>E-governance is governance mediated through technology </li></ul><ul><li>How much weight should be given to governance? </li></ul><ul><li>How much weight should be given to technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Governance: Technology, 50:50, 60:40 or 40:60 or any other ratio? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Governance and Technology <ul><li>Relative Weights to Governance and Technology </li></ul>Governance Technology E-governance
  19. 19. Governance and Technology <ul><li>Challenge No.4 </li></ul><ul><li>How much weight should be assigned to governance and how much to technology in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-5 <ul><li>There are many competing items claiming to be included in e-governance curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>The time available is, however, limited (2 days, 3 days or longer?) </li></ul><ul><li>How to provide “hands-on” experience? </li></ul><ul><li>Which elements must be included and which can be left out from the curriculum? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Competing Elements for Inclusion Must Know Should Know Could Know
  22. 22. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-6 <ul><li>E-governance has a number of theoretical perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, however, e-governance is dominated by practice </li></ul><ul><li>A mix of e-governance theory and practice will enrich each other </li></ul><ul><li>What should, however, be the mix? </li></ul>
  23. 23. E-governance Theory and Practice <ul><li>Theory vs Practice </li></ul>E-governance Theory E-governance Practice E-governance Curriculum E-governance
  24. 24. E-governance Theory and Practice <ul><li>Challenge No.6 </li></ul><ul><li>What should be the percentage of content of theory and practice in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-7 <ul><li>E-governance is currently flush with case studies- national and international </li></ul><ul><li>How relevant are such case studies in designing new e-governance projects or improving the existing projects? </li></ul><ul><li>Should they be included in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul><ul><li>If so, what should be the criteria of selection of case studies in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  26. 26. E-governance Case Studies <ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul>Relevance? Criteria of Selection? E-governance Curriculum E-governance
  27. 27. E-governance Case Studies <ul><li>Challenge No.7 </li></ul><ul><li>What should be the criteria of selection of e-governance case studies in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  28. 28. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-8 <ul><li>Best Practices raise similar questions as case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Typically best practices pertain to very faourable siuation. </li></ul><ul><li>Are they relevant to a particular situation? </li></ul><ul><li>How to determine best practice for a particular situation? </li></ul>
  29. 29. E-governance Best Practices <ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul>Favourable Situation Specific Situation E-governance Curriculum E-governance
  30. 30. E-governance Best Practices <ul><li>Challenge No.8 </li></ul><ul><li>How to identify “best practices” relevant to specific situation for inclusion in E-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  31. 31. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-9 <ul><li>E-governance is currently dominated by specialists (technocrats) </li></ul><ul><li>Specialists (technocrats) however need to broaden their vision </li></ul><ul><li>Generalists (bureaucrats) do not appreciate technical aspects of e-governance </li></ul><ul><li>Generalists (bureaucrats) require some rudimentary technical knowledge </li></ul>
  32. 32. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-9 Generalist Specialist E-governance Curriculum Complementary Knowledge E-governance
  33. 33. Generalist and Specialist <ul><li>Challenge No.9 </li></ul><ul><li>How to make a generalist a specialist and a specialist a generalist by imparting complementary knowledge through e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  34. 34. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-10 <ul><li>E-learning and e-government: a non-separable couple (Palkavits, Lorente and Karagiannis 2002?) </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning has overwhelming advantages over traditional offline learning like 24x7 availability, quick updating, interaction, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Does e-learning require a separate curriculum, or </li></ul><ul><li>E-governance training curriculum can include training in e-learning? </li></ul>
  35. 35. E-learning and E-governance Training E-learning ( Online ) Learning ( Offline) E-governance Training Curriculum E-governance
  36. 36. E-learning and E-governance Training <ul><li>Challenge No.10 </li></ul><ul><li>How to incorporate requirements of e-learning in e-governance curriculum? </li></ul>
  37. 37. III Conclusion <ul><li>E-governance curriculum has to be developed by : </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying target groups </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting emerging challenges in curriculum development, and </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting e-learning </li></ul>
  38. 38. End of Presentation © Dr D.C.Misra 2009 Thank you.