The Data Center Standard Bicsi 002, by Betty Bezos. Presented in Data Center Summit Latin America 2010.
Explicación de la norma Bicsi 002, por Betty Bezos. Presentada en el Data Center Summit Latinoamérica 2010
As the title indicates, BICSI 002 will address best practices for the design and implementation of data centers. BICSI 002 isn’t meant to replace existing data center telecommunications standards, such as ANSI/TIA-942, AS/NZS 2834, CENELEC EN 50173-5, or ISO/IEC 24764, but is meant to be used in conjunction with these standards.
Since BICSI 002 is meant to address best practices rather than minimum requirements, the specifications of BICSI 002 will exceed the minimum requirements specified in these other standards where it is deemed appropriate. BICSI 002 addresses a multitude of subjects that are only briefly addressed, or not addressed at all, in these other standards. BICSI 002 is meant to be a comprehensive standard, covering a wide range of subjects that concern people who are involved with data centers.
It is a great reference and guide to anyone planning a data center or data center modifications. It may also be used by data center owners, occupants and consultants to determine design requirements and to understand the various aspects of data center design. The standard is not intended to be used as a sole reference or as a design guide by architects or engineers.
The standard was developed by a committee consisting of over 150 subject matter experts from around the world in a wide variety of data center design disciplines.
The product of their efforts is a comprehensive 400-page document that addresses a wide range of subjects related to data center design. The contents of the standard includes 13 chapters and 2 annexs.
This chapter provides requirements and recommendations on a wide range of subjects relating to space planning for a data center. This chapter also provides recommendations on adjacencies of functional spaces in the data centers.
This chapter provides guidance on a wide variety of considerations when selecting the site of a data center. They apply both for new data center construction and for rating the desirability an existing data center. The site selection considerations addressed in the standard include: location regulation and natural environment.
This chapter provides information regarding the architectural and general construction considerations for a data center. The guidance applies both to standalone data centers and data centers located in buildings used for other purposes.
This section provides minimum requirements and recommendations regarding the structural aspects of the data center including wind resistance, floor loading, ceiling hanging loads, and seismic considerations.
The electrical chapter comprises approximately one-quarter of the content of the standard. It addresses all aspects of electrical system design for a data center. The standard presents a variety of solutions, requirements and recommendations for the subjects described above. Additionally, because each data center has different design requirements based on budget and desired availability, this chapter includes different requirements and recommendations for five different classes of reliability, which are defined in the reliability section. The criteria for each of the classes of reliability are performance based. The standard does not endorse any given electrical design style or technology, but provides a number of options for obtaining the level of reliability.
This chapter provides requirements and recommendations for fire protection in data centers including fire-rated construction, fire suppression, fire detection, flammability of computer room contents, handheld fire extinguishers, signage, fire protection system testing, and fire protection system operations and maintenance.
The data center security chapter is extensive, comprising approximately 10% of the content of the document. It defines the physical security practices and countermeasures required to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the data center.
This section addresses building automation systems for data centers and provides design requirements and recommendations for supporting building automation systems including security, building management and cameras on generic structured cabling.
Approximately 15% of the content of the standard deals with data center telecommunications system design and implementation. Many of the existing standards such as ANSI/TIA-942, Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers address this subject. The material in this chapter is meant to supplement rather than repeat the content of existing data center telecommunications standards.
This chapter deals with information technology aspects of data center planning including channel and console cabling, IT equipment layout, and disaster recover considerations such as offsite storage, data center redundancy and distance between data centers.
This chapter provides an overview of the components, processes, and procedures associated with data center commissioning.
This chapter provides general guidelines for maintenance in data centers.
The first annex is on the data center design process describes the various design processes used to design and build data centers. It covers three areas of design: Project delivery methods including: design-bid-build, design-build and construction management. Facility design phases: planning and concept development, schematic design, design development, pre-purchase, construction documents Technology design phases, which will be accomplished in parallel with the facility design such as the needs assessment, design analysis, acquisition, and implementation.
The second annex on reliability provides information for the reader to understand reliability concepts, methods to calculate reliability, and a process for determining a data center reliability class.
BICSI 002, Data Center Design and Implementation Best Practices covers all aspects of a data center build. Its intent is to: define best practices for design and implementation of data centers and complement the TIA and CENELEC data center design standards. Where possible, this standards attempts to avoid duplication of content already available and provide references to other applicable standards and guidelines such as ISO, CENELEC, TIA, ASHRAE, IEEE, etc.
As the industry’s first standard providing a holistic approach to data center design, this document will help the roll out of more efficient data centers, complying with increasingly challenging regulations. BICSI 002 is available for purchase at www.bicsi.org/standards in three different formats; on CD-ROM, as an electronic download and as a printed standard. BICSI members qualify for a reduced fee.
BICSI standards content is generated by an international volunteer body. Formed in the mid-1990s as the BICSI Standards Committee and is accredited as a consensus-based, standards development organization (SDO) in 1999 by ANSI. BICSI currently has two published standards, with five additional standards in development. The BICSI standards program has an active international membership in North & South America, Europe, Australia, Japan, Singapore and the UK.
Betty Bezos: bicsi 002 data center standard
BICSI Data Center Standard
BEATRIZ M. BEZOS
PE • PMP • RCDD-LAN-OSP-WD • TPM • MSCE • MSEd
BICSI Data Center Standard
• BICSI 002, Data Center Design and Implementation Best
• Used in conjunction with other standards
– AS/NZS 2834
– CENELEC EN 50173-5
– ISO/IEC 24764
• Will exceed the minimum requirements specified in these
other standards where it is deemed appropriate
• Addresses subjects that are only briefly addressed, or not
addressed at all, in these other standards
• Comprehensive standard
• BICSI 002, Data Center Design Standard and
Recommended Practices is intended for use by the
– IT & Telecom Designers
– IT & Telecom Management
– Facilities Management
– Security & Loss Prevention
– Architects & Engineers
– Construction Companies
BICSI Data Center Design Standard
• Development of BICSI 002 began in 2004 from an
industry need to have a comprehensive document
covering design and implementation factors concerning
• Written in sections to provide both requirement and
considerations for data centers
Who Developed the Standard?
• BICSI committee consisting of over 150 subject matter experts
from around the world
• Representing a wide variety of data center disciplines
– Electrical, mechanical , structural data center and network
– Security, fire protection, telecommunications cabling, and
Information technology experts
– Insurance risk assessors,
– Consultants, project managers, commissioning agents, and
• Space Planning
• Site Selection
• Fire Protection
• Building Automation
• Information Technology
• Data Center Maintenance
• Design Process
• Power Systems
• Cooling Capacity
• DC support space
• Natural Environment
• Design Concepts
• Planning Consents
• Building Regulations
• Covers all aspects of a Data Center Build
• Intended for a wide audience
• Builds on other standards
• Is written as a Best Practice “How to” document
• Available for purchase at www.bicsi.org/standards
• Formats include
– Electronic Download
– Printed Standard
• BICSI members qualify for a reduced fee
About the BICSI Standards Program
• Formed in the mid-1990s as the BICSI Standards
• Accredited in 1999 by ANSI
• Two published standards, with five additional standards in
• Active international membership in North & South
America, Europe, Australia, Japan, Singapore and the UK