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Mvid assgmt3 planning


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Mvid assgmt3 planning

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Mvid assgmt3 planning

  1. 1. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 1 ASSIGNMENT 3 planning GUIDE You can submit a maximum of 12 sides of A4 as evidence of research and planning. There is also a 7-800 word Evaluation justifying your own choices. Below, I set out some of the tasks you need to undertake to create a high marks evidence portfolio. First, a reminder of the exam board description of the brief: NOTE THE EMPHASIS ON CLEAR INDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTION. While there may be some common elements, such as storyboards, your 12 page evidence portfolio is also individual, as is the evaluation. It needs to be clear that your decision making and production design are linked to knowledge and understanding: research into conventions and audience has informed your:  Framing (including shot variety, but also careful consideration ofwhat to include AND exclude)  Editing (including SFX, pace and appropriate variation ofthis, and enabling a general audience to follow a preferred reading. None ofthis is achievable withoutgood shotvariety)  Mise-en-scene (set dressing & props, careful costuming & make-up reflecting the genre, well-chosen locations) You should all strive for L6 (A/A* grade). A summary of what this means you need to evidence:
  2. 2. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 2 RESEARCH + PLANNING > CONVENTIONS: An overall assessment is made of how strong this is: ‘independent and effective’ v ‘successful’ v ‘appropriate’ (L6, L5, L4 descriptors). You need especially to evidence that you have carefully researched and considered the media language seen in existing music videos. This can be through some combination of the following, often requiring screenshots for illustration; a ‘top 10’ (or top 5) format is a good way to organise/present your findings – the screenshots below are from 2 of my vodcasts on music promo:  DETAILED ANALYSIS OF A SINGLE VIDEO where you get in-depth on the media language used, demonstrating (using consistent colour coding to highlight technical terms) an ability to apply semiotic analysis (using accurate denotation to identify signifiers and what they signify/connote)  GENERAL VIDEOS: ANALYSIS OF A GROUP OF VIDEOS you should note your general expectations of music video content and style, providing 2+ examples for any point you want to list as a typical convention. You could also note unusual examples too if you wish, especially if this will help justify your own production design choices.  GENRE/ARTIST – you need to provide a clear summary of any distinctive video conventions for this genre/artist, again with clear and specific examples. Locations, dance/movement/body language, performance style, costume/make-up, narratives, direct address (looking directly at the camera), shot types/angles and editing (including pace, SFX), any representation of the audience in the video, demographics of typical characters (age, gender etc). Look at the 2016 StG A2 Nine Inch Nails video for an excellent example of a student reflecting singer Trent Reznor’s intense microphone style. An example of research by A2 student Joe, and how this was clearly reflected in his excellent (A-grade) video. Joe did a complete reshoot after feedback that the footwear ‘Trent’ was wearing by itself made the footage less than convincing – seemingly small details of mise-en-scene are generally crucial to achieving verisimilitude/convincing an audience. You will have made an outstanding video if it is not immediately clear that it is a student video.
  3. 3. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 3 PRE-PRODUCTION WORK: This is a wide category, with clear overlaps into the above points, including evidence of the following:  LOCATION SCOUTING – pics/details of places considered [include any options considered, not just final choice]; links to existing videos [evidence with screenshots]; evidence of sample shoot to test suitability of location, and clear reflection on any issues with any location; permission to shoot where relevant. Briefly note what if any technology you used as part of this research.  SET DRESSING, PROPS – evidence how you changed elements of sets & detail props used; explain why using existing video screenshots to help justify choices. Before and after pics are useful; small shots of Amazon (etc) order/item pages useful too. Include all music kit if shooting a band)  CHARACTERS, CASTING, COSTUME – clear summary of each individual character in the video: their costume/make-up/look [remember, small details are important, eg footwear, hair, hat, jewellery], with clear links to existing videos through screenshots. Try tophoto cast in a contrasting everyday look to help show how you’ve controlled their video look. Detail how you undertook casting, and whether there were any changes following sample/test shoots – if so, explain why. What skillsets did you ask potential cast to demonstrate [eg can play instrument, dance]? Did you use social media for any part of this work? [Screenshotfrom an A2 evaluation video, where they discussed the representation issues ofthe costumes they’d used. The male gaze theory is extremely useful; links to Goodwin]  IDEA PLANNING – you can use part of pitch; at least mention it and how you responded to initial feedback. How/why did you pick this artist/track? Lyric timing sheet: you should use 1 or more copies where you’ve handwritten or typed into content ideas. Storyboard: you can’t include a full storyboard, though you could scan/photo sheets to include, say, 6 reduced-size sheets on 1 side of A4. Shotlists and/or call sheets: show your shoots were clearly planned – this is especially important evidence. Clearly captioned ‘behind-the-scenes’ photos – useful for any part of pre-production evidence, eg: directing cast (perhaps demonstrating movements for them to follow), carefully framing shots, setting up for shoots…). A simple summary of how your idea evolved, noting all the ideas from the start to the final cut – editing may lead to some final changes!  PRODUCTION SCHEDULE – simply summarising all the steps taken (not just shoots but ordering props/costume, finding costume from among peer group, going to locations, editing sessions and sample scenes etc) helps show organisation INFLUENCES/MEDIA LANGUAGE: sum up the main influences on your planning, INCLUDE SCREENSHOTS
  4. 4. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 4 AUDIENCE: as you’ve seen since assignment 1, every media text starts out in pre-production with a clear sense of who the target audience is … though there is generally an outlined secondary audience as well as a primary/core target audience. At the very minimum this would include an age range and gender indication, though there are many more demographics you could include. You need to show awareness and clear application of such theories as the uses and gratifications model here. You can’t simply assume a target audience, you need to research it, and will evidence:  INITIAL AUDIENCE OUTLINE start with a clear, detailed summary of your primary target audience, plus a secondary market, with some details of how you will appeal to them. A moodboard is a useful tool for this: using scissors and glue or Photoshop to combine images that you think sum up the interests and lifestyle of a typical target audience member (eg film: what film?; watch: what watch?; jeans: what jeans…and so on)  AUDIENCE SURVEY students sometimes go OTT with this, though worse is to do little or nothing on this – you’ll lose a lot of marks if there’s no substantial evidence of audience research. You can research various themes using 1 or more survey ‘form’ (this might be video based): o CONSUMPTION + UGC: do your target audience watch music videos? Using what media (TV shows/channels; websites?) or platforms (smartphone, tablet, laptop, TV with Chromecast etc)? Do they encounter/view/share any music videos on social media like FB, Twitter? Have they ever made, or taken part in, an amateur/parody music video? Do they think that the music video is a significant media format for today’s teens? o ARTIST/GENRE: test the extent of awareness of each (NB: its not a problem if few do if your choice is quite obscure/non-mainstream). Use images and/or audio clips and/or video clips and ask if they can identify genre, artist and/or track. You could test genre and artist separately; its useful to know what sort of market there is for your genre – an artist that’s not so well known can tap into this with good marketing (including your video!). o EXPECTATIONS/FEEDBACK: You can ask what specifically they’d expect to see in a video in that genre/by that artist (you can use the track audio, maybe with visible lyrics, as a prompt). You could BRIEFLY sum up your idea and seek feedback. You should seek and sum up audience feedback for each sample scene or rough cut, being clear what impact (if any – you don’t have to be guided by this) this has had on planned changes.  BBFC: helping show your grasp of institutional factors, you may recall from the 2016 Y11 BBFC visit that the film censor also age regulates music videos, currently on a voluntary basis. Check their ratings system: what age rating might your video receive – and is this likely to reflect your target market? This 2015 A2 group undertook exemplary audience research – MUCH more than is expected ofa GCSE student, but worth browsing for inspiration!
  5. 5. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 5 INSTITUTION: this is not as important as the 3 other major points above (R+P: CONVENTIONS; PRE- PRODUCTIONWORK; AUDIENCE) but it would be useful to show some grasp of this on 1 of your 12 sheets, perhaps with sample stats, quotes, screenshots of exemplars (examples that make a point about a trend). You could address such themes as: The decline of CD sales and rise of streaming, plus the revival of vinyl How artists/record companies are turning to additional alternatives to revenue from recorded music: monetising through tours (and VIP tickets), merchandising, tie- ins/product placement/sponsorship (especially major pop artists) – if you’re planning to reflect this, make sure the reason why is clear in your 12 pages and/or 7-800 word Evaluation. The rise, fall and rise of the music video: seemingly dead and buried with the demise of MTV as music video platform, YouTube and mobile platforms (smartphones, tablets etc) have actually seen a huge rise in the consumption of videos, with ‘UGC’ [ask!] and viral vids like Gangnam Style, with the endless remakes of this showing the line between audience and producer is no longer clear cut How many artists are now releasing a music video for every track, not just singles: recent examples include The Pixies and Metallica. Why do you think they’d do this? Look closely at the strategy of your artist, and other acts in the same genre. Indies v majors: as you’ll learn if you do AS Media, in every media industry there is a small number of dominant multi-national conglomerates, and Indies find it very difficult to compete with their distribution muscle and marketing budgets – including production budgets for music videos. ‘Convergence’ suggests that Indies have a better opportunity to compete thanks to digitisation (think about the kit YOU are using!!!)… PRESENTING YOUR WORK You are formally assessed on this, so keep it neat, use clear (sub-)headings, highlight terminology with colour/bold as I have here. MARKSCHEME FOR CONSTRUCTION + EVALUATION The Evaluation needs to reflect your grasp of all 4 Key Concepts, and incorporate a range of specific media terminology and theory – for example, accurate denotation of shot types, with analysis of what this signifies, connotes, anchors; how it achieves (or doesn’t!) verisimilitude, etc. Remember MARI: MEDIA LANGUAGE AUDIENCE REPRESENTATION INSTITUTION On the final page – the descriptors for L4-6 and of the Evaluation
  6. 6. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 6
  7. 7. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 7 ADDRESSING THE EVALUATION THEMES As ever, the word count is limited and strict. You should draft each point separately, and only then look to shorten your overall answer. You can use bullet points to reduce your word count, eg: I setout to produce an electro-pop video with primary appeal to 15-24 year-old males, secondary appeal to females and 10-14 + 25-34. Successfully?  8/10 sampled 15-24 males said they would view the final cut again  7/10 identified to some extentwith the teen cast  9/10 agreed “this is clearly an electro-pop video”  a 12 year-old female said “I thought the singer was cool”  a 30 year-old male said “I loved the Gary Numan reference” [see questionnaires/YouTube pics on p.8] I signified electropop by:  use ofbright, primary colours [you’d use screenshots here to illustrate your point]  some fast-paced editing: 25 cuts from 2:34-2:53  … THEME1:MEETING PRODUCTIONAIMS TBC THEME2:REFLECTING CODES + CONVENTIONS/GENRE M.LANG TBC
  8. 8. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 8 THEME3:REPRESENTATIONS TBC THEME4:EXHIBITION(+ distribution) TBC THEME5:REFLECTING ON REGULATIONS TBC THEME6:WEAKNESSES TBC Strengths can be considered under theme1.
  9. 9. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 9 ANALYSING SAMPLE MUSIC VIDEOS This is at least as important as any part of your work on all 3 assignments: before you plan to produce your own text you need to evidence research into and understanding of the media language used within any media format (then show you’ve customised your idea to reflect an audience’s needs). That is why this is your summer task: SUMMER TASK: To analyse AT LEAST 5 music videos, including notes on the issues listed below. Your analyses must be presented in a single Word document, saved as FirstName 5Video Analysis IMAGES: They must include specific screenshots to illustrate specific points. Include only the video frame, not a full YouTube page. It will help you to save these in folders and rename the screenshots: number them using timing (022 for 0:22) and use brief denotation. USE OF TERMS: They must use any relevant terminology (highlighted in bold, pink) from Key Concepts (MARI). You should keep a separate log of all the terms you use in your 12 page pack – this can eventually be scanned + included within the pack! APPLYING KCs: You must remember that while this research is based around Media Language, all 4 KCs are important – you need to analyse Representation for example. FONT: Size 12 Times New Roman or Calibri (headings can be bigger, captions smaller) MINIMUM WORD COUNT: Quality is more important than quantity, but your analysis needs tobe substantial. Page 3 of the pack guide has 415 words, including a large image and indented text. Your final pack will dedicate 4-6/12 pages on conventions + genre research, so to make a start your minimum for this task is 1200 words (ie, less than 3 sides of typed words only). HOW MANY VIDEOS: At least 5, but you can look in detail at a minimum of two, then add points on SOME themes from a larger number of examples – this is a more useful approach; it will give you more opportunities to find ideas. LAYOUT: At the top of each analysis set out the artist, track name, track length (eg: 4:21) year of release, genre. Count the number of takes in each video 9only do this for 5 videos). Artist/track are the main sub-heading, length, year + genre in (eg 4:21, 1997, Indie rock) in 12-14 size but same font/colour as artist/track. You could also note the director or record label. You can add links too: lyrics, Wiki, YouTube (as hyperlinked words). Wikis sometimes provide useful detail on videos, especially for major artists. ISSUES/THEMES TO NOTE: SIMON FIRTH: Is it performance, narrative (linked to lyrics or tells a clear story), concept (abstract, symbolic, no clear story)? Usually its performance + narrative/concept. You should say more on narrative:  Is it a closed narrative (is the storyline wrapped up) or an open narrative (the story isn’t completed)? Open narratives are common to encourage repeat viewing  Is there some narrative enigma (intentional polysemy, withholding exposition [information]) to create mystery?  Are there binary opposites (just think opposites!)?
  10. 10. GCSE Media Assignment 3 PLANNING guide 10 ANDREW GOODWIN: This is key theory you’ll refer toin this assignment. He argues there are SIX key conventions making up the media language of music videos, so if you look out for these you’ve got useful evidence and a way to apply media theory. 1: GENRE CHARACTERISTICS What signifies (or anchors) the video as being from a particular genre (or hybrid ofgenres)? Costume and body language are usually the easiestfactor. You can consider:  Costume, make-up; number ofcostume changes  Body language, movement(including dance)  Locations/settings  Prominence or absence ofmusical performance/verisimilitude  Editing pace (links to point3) 2: LYRICS AND VISUALS LINKED How are the lyrics illustrated? Sometimes there may be minimal direct links, a video may notreflectthe lyrical theme – its okay to note this, but do note it!!! Look outfor words or phrases in lyrics being illustrated. 3: MUSIC INFLUENCES VISUALS Do you getsome longer takes during slower sections ofthe track? Faster- paced editing (ie, shorttakes) during quicker sections? Look outfor ‘the drop’ in any track, and examples of cutting to the beat. Is there lipsynching? Are there cutaway shots from this, possibly emphasizing emotion or showing what seem to unposed, ‘natural’ behind-the-scenes footage (eg Guns n’ Roses Sweet child O’ Mine) 4: ARTIST FOCUS/STYLE Is the artist/band highlighted (especially singer)? Think about the shots used – do any performers getmore close-ups,low angles or tracking shots? Is there a distinctive style for this artist’s videos (that you’re aware of/have found from research)? Perhaps they often work with the same director who has their own style? (eg, Depeche Mode and U2 have often worked with Anton Corbijn) 5: LOOKING, SCREENS, MALE GAZE Do you see directgaze (singer looking into camera as ifdirectly addressing the audience)? Are there mirrors, TV/phone/computer screens (these will be playing with the idea of the artist taking the audience’s place and watching – sometimes with images ofthe audience), and what do they show/why? Always consider representation, starting with assessing any male gaze – or perhaps female gaze?! (eg Guns n’ Roses’ Welcome to the Jungle starts with a classic example ofmale gaze,and goes on to show the band on TV screens) 6: INTERTEXTUALITY Just like every episode ofThe Simpsons requires an audience to be familiar with pop culture figures and texts to understand the humour, so music videos will often use intertextuality: the meaning of the video is linked to other existing texts, eg Lady Gaga wears a metal bra in Bad Romance which intertextualises Madonna in Vogue. Can you spotany? You should use Stuart Hall’s theory (preferred v negotiated v oppositional reading) here. OTHERS: You can note anything you think may be significant, especially anything that influence what you might do – or examples of media language that you want to avoid. This might include: SFX: Goodwin should arguably add this to his list. Slo-mo is especially common in some genres, while layering is a very common music video convention. AUDIENCE IN VIDEO: Some videos represent their audience within a video, from One Direction’s One Thing to Megadeth’s In my Darkest Hour. You can find more ideas, and examples of videos I’ve analysed (toA-Level standard) at Playlists of student videos by year are linked in