Highlight key points for students to take them- they do not need to copy everything word for word!
The rich patricians- want free slaves and an elitist society but he is helping the lower classes rather than protecting the upper
ALT for slides 6 to 7- Horrible Histories video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nuwEH-v0Bc
Discussion of primary versus secondary sources. Give examples: Primary= diaries Secondary= textbooks
Lay down expectations- quiet, thought provoking, get them to consider should they all go around together, individually etc
Est 15mins http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UcCHRW8G9yY- SOURCES QUITE HIGH LEVEL ENGLISH- MAY WANT TO REMOVE SOME OR RE-WRITE MORE
Arrange around the classroom- PRINT these slides to A3
4 Jc for portal
The Build Up- The General
• Caesar was a successful
• This meant he spent a lot
of time with the plebeians
as well as patricians
• He strongly believed in
the rights of the plebeians
• He knew true power came
with the support of the
The Build Up- His changes
• He helped limit slavery by
ordering landowners to
hire workers rather than
• He made public games
free to all the people of
• He built more roads
(helping the unemployed)
Who do we think he annoys?
• Caesar was the first
Roman to have his face
put on a coin while he
was still alive
• The Romans believed
only ancestors and gods
could be pictured
• Caesar was equating
himself with gods and
The Build Up- Coins
The Build Up- Ego
• He has appointed
Life. Caesar now rules
alone- no longer
getting another consul
• Starts wearing an all-
purple toga and red
shoes like a god or a
The Build Up- Egypt
• It is thought Cleopatra
was his mistress
• She has a son she
• So he spent a lot of
time away from Rome
Historians and detectives are very similar. You have
to look at all the evidence and use it to the best of
your ability to work out what happened.
We have two main categories, primary and
secondary sources- What is the difference?
Historian vs. Detective
Have you ever been to a museum?
What did it look like?
How did you feel?
In the Museum there is an exhibition on the death of Julius Caesar
Look at all 7 exhibits. Answer the
questions using the sheet.
What does he say?
Why might he have that
“Our tyrant deserved his death for having
made an exception of the one thing that was
the blackest crime of all . . . Behold, here you
have a man [Caesar] who was ambitious to
be king of the Roman People and master of
the whole world; and he achieved it! The
man who maintains that such an ambition is
morally right is a madman, for he justifies the
destruction of law and liberty . . .
Cicero 43 BC A Roman Philosopher and
What does this tell us
Why might people have
Caesar was ready to return home to Rome from war (before
he was in power), he was told by the Roman Senate not to
show up with his army. They told him he was only allowed to
return to Rome as a private citizen, not as a general or ruler.
Why? Julius Caesar was beginning to appear unstoppable.
The Rubicon is a river that back then ran as a border between
Gaul and Italy. If Caesar disobeyed the Senate’s mandate by
crossing the river with his army, he would essentially be
declaring war against Rome itself! What do you think he did?
Historians say that Caesar crossed the water without a
second thought. Within minutes, he was well on his way
toward Rome with the ambition of taking complete control of
it. To this day, the expression “crossing the Rubicon” refers to
someone making a strong decision that can’t be reversed.
What tone (happy/sad) is
this written in?
Compare this with exhibit 7- what
differences are there? Why?
The Senate rose in respect for his position when they saw [Caesar]
entering. Those who were to have part in the plot stood near him .
. . All quickly [uncovered] their daggers and rushed at him . . .
Caesar rose to defend himself and in the uproar Casca shouted out
in Greek to his brother. The brother heard him and drove his
sword into the ribs. After a moment, Cassius made a slash at his
face, and Brutus pierced him in the side . . . They were just like
men doing battle against him. Under the mass of wounds, he fell
at the foot of Pompey’s statue. Everyone wanted to seem to have
had some part in the murder, and there was not one of them who
failed to strike his body as it lay there, until, wounded thirty-five
times, he breathed his last breath
Nicolaus of Damascus, Book “Life of Caesar” 14 AD (a Greek
What does this mean?
How does he feel about the
murder? How can you tell?
A [madness] fell upon certain men through jealousy
of Caesar’s [popularity] and hatred of his
[promotion] . . . Democracy, indeed, has a fair-
appearing name and conveys the impression of
bringing equal rights to all through equal laws, but
its results [are not the same.] Monarchy, on the
[other hand], has an unpleasant sound, but is a most
practical form of government to live under. For it is
easier to find a single excellent man, than many of
them . . .”
Cassius Dio, Book: “Roman History” AD 200
(Roman Consul & Historian)
Why should Caesar die?
Do you think he is right?
‘Caesar stole all of the power for himself. He is selfish.
He needs to die. If we kill him everyone will be equal
(An Unknown Roman Senator (member of the
What does this suggest
about people’ attitude
towards Caesar death?
How reliable is this? Why?
“He died in the fifty-sixth year of his age, and was
among the gods, not only by a formal decree [they
declared Caesar a God after he died], but also in the
conviction of the common people. For at the honorary
games which his heir Augustus gave in honour of his
[death], a comet shone for seven days and was
believed to be the soul of Caesar, who had been taken
Suetonius, Book “Life of Julius Caesar” (Roman
Historian) 140 AD
What does this tell us
about his death? How reliable is this? Why?
“So the affair began, and those who were not [in the know] to
the plot were filled with horror at what was going on; they dared
not flee, nor go to Caesar's help, nor even utter a word. But
those who had prepared themselves for the murder showed him
their dagger, and Caesar, trapped on all sides, was entangled in
the hands of all; for all had to take part in the sacrifice and taste
of the slaughter. Therefore Brutus also gave him one blow in the
groin. And it is said by some that although Caesar defended
himself against the rest, when he saw that Brutus had drawn his
dagger, he pulled his toga down over his head and sank in
disbelief. It is said that he received 23 wounds and many of the
conspirators were wounded by one another, as they struggled to
plant all those blows in one body.
Plutarch, Book: “Life of Caesar” (Greek Historian & Roman
Citizen 80 AD)
• The death of Caesar ended the
Republic and started the Roman Empire
• His son, Octavian became the first
• He reformed the calendar which has
been changed little over the millennia
• The month July is named after him
• He inspired Shakespeare to write a play