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2 Why was the roman army so succesful sources


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2 Why was the roman army so succesful sources

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2 Why was the roman army so succesful sources

  1. 1. Why was the Roman army so successful? Questions a) What reasons does the writer of Source A give for the success of the Roman Empire? b) Does the evidence in Sources B and C support the evidence of Source A? c) How useful are Sources C and D for finding out about the success of the Roman army? d) Using all of the sources and your own knowledge, explain why the Roman army was so successful. © 2012 18014 Page 1 of 1 Source A Every soldier puts all he has into the training, just as if he were taking part in a real war. That is why their battle formation always holds together; they are never paralysed with fear or worn out with exhaustion. Their enemies are never a match for the Romans and the Romans inevitably win. In fact it would be true to say that their exercises are bloodless battles and their battles are bloody exercises! The Romans never expose themselves to surprise attack. Whatever enemy country they may invade, they do not become involved in any battle before they have fortified the camp. Adapted from Flavius Josephus, a Jewish historian, First Century AD Source B They are taught not to cut with their swords but to thrust. The Romans find it easy to beat people who use their swords to cut rather than thrust … for a cutting stroke, even made with full force, rarely kills. On the other hand, a stab, even five centimetres deep, is usually fatal. Besides, if you attempt to cut with your sword you expose your right arm and side. Yet when you deliver a thrust, the body is protected by the shield. Adapted from Vegetius, The Military Institutions of the Romans, 390 AD Source C – A Roman army unit in tortoise formation Photo by yeowatzup, 23rd September 2010 Source D Choosing men is just like choosing horses and dogs. The recruit should be broad-chested, with powerful shoulders and brawny arms. He should not be pot-bellied or fat-bottomed. His calves and feet should not be flabby. When you find all these qualities in a recruit, you can afford to take him even if he is a little on the short side. The whole well-being of the Roman state depends on the kinds of recruits you have. Adapted from Vegetius, The Military Institutions of the Romans, 390 AD