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1. intro to the romans

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1. intro to the romans

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1. intro to the romans

  1. 1. LO: 1) Students will explore the Romans and their Empire. 2) Learn to gather historical information.
  2. 2. The Romans • Watch the Horrible Histories video • Gladiator music for when students are working through task.
  3. 3. Task • You have studied about the Romans before so you already have what we call prior knowledge. • You are going to be split into groups. In those groups you will decide on one area of Roman life that you can remember learning about. • You are going to use the A3 sheet to create a mind map to help you teach about that aspect of Rome. • You will teach this to the rest of the class at the end of the lesson.
  4. 4. Dynasty - A sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group. Centurion - The commander of a troop with at least 100 soldiers. Legionary – Heavily Armed Foot Soldier. Auxiliary – Lightly Armed faster moving troops, including some horsemen. Key Word Definitions
  5. 5. 509BC – Rome becomes a Republic. 44-27BC – Julius Caesar is assassinated and Augustus (the 1st Roman Emperor) comes to power. 43AD – The Romans invade Britain. 83-122AD – The Romans invade Scotland and work begins on Hadrian's Wall. 410AD – The End of Roman rule in Britain. 476AD – The End of Roman rule in Western Europe.
  6. 6. Task 1. Stick the timeline boxes in chronological order into your books. 2. Shade in the key turning point box. 3. Write 100 words that explains why you think this is the key turning point – i.e. Justify your choice
  7. 7. • Look at your timeline • Discuss with your partner what you think is the main ‘turning point’ in the history of the Roman empire • A turning point is a date when there is lots of change
  8. 8. Exercise 1 Create a mind map using the following information.
  9. 9. The Growth of the Roman Empire • You are going to teach each other about the growth of the Empire. • It can be split into four stages. • Each group is going to get a map and some information. • You must summarise this information into no more than 20 words. It must include the names of present day countries.
  10. 10. Task • Now you are listening to the other stages of Roman Empire growth. • You must write what is happening in each stage and some examples of modern day countries they expanded into.
  11. 11. Growth of the Roman Empire Stage Growth description Countries included Stage 1 Romans overthrew Tarquinius in 509BC. Rome became a republic and conquered most of Italy by 265BC. Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4
  12. 12. The Romans arrived in Britain in 43AD. The Romans already ruled most of Europe but wanted to rule the exotic marshland they believed Britain to be. They first took the South East of England and moved West and North finally reaching Northumberland and Newcastle and Wales When the empire came under attack elsewhere in Europe the troops started to withdraw from Northern England – to keep the Scottish out of England the Romans built Hadrians Wall
  13. 13. Exercise 2 Create a mind map using the following information.
  14. 14. Language – The Romans spoke and wrote in Latin. Many of our words are based on Latin words. Calendar – The calendar we use today is more than 2,000 years old. It was started by Julius Caesar. The month July is named after him. Roads and Cement – The Romans recognised they needed a way to Transport their troops quickly and so built roads from stone and cement. New Fruit and Vegetables – The Romans introduced many new fruit and veg including; garlic, onions, shallots, leeks, cabbages, peas, grapes, mulberries and cherries.
  15. 15. Exercise 3 Create a mind map using the following information.
  16. 16. The Roman Dynasties A dynasty is a period of time that members of the same family ruled The Roman Empire much like the British Royal Family. Of the many men who led Rome, only a handful can truly be said to have profoundly and fundamentally shaped the empire's structure and direction. Vespasian Augustus Hadrian Constantine Marcus Aurelius Septimus Severus
  17. 17. Exercise 4
  18. 18. Plenary Some students will now read out their work, listen carefully. How does it compare to your written work. Do they have information that you don’t. if so think why that may be.
  19. 19. Walt: 1) Students will examine the Roman Army. 2) Explore the life of a Roman Centurion.
  20. 20. Key Word Definitions Testudo- A shelter formed by overlapping oblong shields, held by soldiers above their heads to make a tortoise shape. Tunic- A gown like outer garment, with or without sleeves and sometimes belted, worn by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Emperor - The male sovereign or supreme ruler of an empire. Empire- A group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor.
  21. 21. 1.01 – 9.45
  22. 22. Exercise 1 Create a mind map using the following information.
  23. 23. What does it take to be a Roman Soldier? • Only Men could be soldiers – No Women • Every Roman soldier was at least 20 years old • He was not allowed to get married whilst he was in the Army • Soldier had to stay in the Army for at least 25 Years • When soldiers retired they were given a gift of land to farm
  24. 24. Exercise 2 Cut and stick the Diagram into your books. Using the following information label the diagram.
  25. 25. Helmet Soldiers wore helmets as protection. Officers wore special helmets with crests so other men could follow them in battle.
  26. 26. Javelin These had a sharp point to pierce shields. They would be thrown through the air to stop an enemies charge.
  27. 27. Tunic These were worn under the armour and made of rough wool as extra protection.
  28. 28. Belt This gave protection during battle. As the armies marched the belts jangled to scare the enemy.
  29. 29. Sandals These were designed to help soldiers march quickly. They were strong and well ventilated.
  30. 30. Metal Jacket The flexible armour was made of metal strips. They were so heavy they had to help each other put them on.
  31. 31. Shield This was light but strong and could withstand enemy arrows. They used a tactic called testudo which means tortoise.
  32. 32. 1.53
  33. 33. SOLDIERS WANTED •MEN ONLy •3000 SESTERTII A yEAR PAy •PROTEcT ThE EMPIRE AND ThE PEOPLE Of ROME •LEARN A NEW SkILL (ROAD AND fORT buILDINg/bEcOME A DOcTOR) •MINIMuM SERvIcE Of 25 yEARS AND RETIREMENT gIfT Of LAND AND cASh
  34. 34. Exercise 3 . On a whole page in your books, you will now create a poster advertising a recruitment drive by the Roman army. Make your poster as informative as possible using all the information you have

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