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A multi-perspective tool to visualize relationships in the Food-Water-Energy-Nexus

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Multi-perspective visualization tools in the water-energy-food nexus in transboundary river basin contexts help stakeholders in:
1: managing complexity by high-level screening of
relevant solution alternatives
2: understanding the problem space in detail from
one’s own perspective
3: understanding the problem space from other sector’s
perspectives and developing a “shared” understanding

Published in: Environment
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A multi-perspective tool to visualize relationships in the Food-Water-Energy-Nexus

  1. 1. www.dafne-project.eu @dafne_project DECISION ANALYTIC FRAMEWORK TO EXPLORE THE WATER-ENERGY-FOOD NEXUS IN COMPLEX TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES OF FAST DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Funded under the H2020 Framework Programme of the EU, GA No. 690268 A multi-perspective tool to visualize relationships in the Food-Water-Energy-Nexus Prof. Dr Jasminko Novak European Institute for Participatory Media, Berlin University of Applied Sciences Stralsund, IACS
  2. 2. 2 Transboundary WEF issues in the developing countries Omo-Turkana River Basin, Ethiopia WEF nexus issues and problems • Large investments in hydropower plants that can cause problems downstream • Reduced water quality of Omo river and Lake Turkana due to irrigation in the basin • Environmental and cultural conservation • Deforestation and land degradation Gibe Dam in Ethiopia, picture from https://www.wantedinafrica.com/news/ethiopi a-inaugurates-gibe-iii-dam.html Omo River Valley, picture from https://olsonfarlow.com/portfolios/ethiopias-omo- valley-march-2010-national-geographic-magazine Zambezi River Basin, Zambia
  3. 3. Various stakeholders with conflicting interests Example: Stakeholder goals in the Omo-Turkana basin 3 Double energy production and become exporter of energy Avoidance of flooding Sustainable fishing Food security Food productivity Expand irrigation ENVIRON- MENT TOURISM Stabilization of the river for navigation Livelihood and cultural heritage of communities How to contextualise the trade-offs in relation the perspectives of different sectors?
  4. 4. 5 3rd NSL Selected pathways 2nd NSL Selection of interesting pathways Preview of the WEF model Review results of WEF/DAF models WEF WEF modelWEF model Evaluation of extended indicators set and full model resultsDAF strategic model 1st NSL Efficient pathways Development pathways Design indicators DAF Indicators Actions Screening Multi-perspective Geoportal + TOOLS Online interaction PROCESS Scenarios DAFNE project Decision-Analytic Framework & Visual tools to explore the WEF nexus
  5. 5. 6 3rd NSL Selected pathways 2nd NSL Selection of interesting pathways Preview of the WEF model Review results of WEF/DAF models WEF WEF modelWEF model Evaluation of extended indicators set and full model resultsDAF strategic model 1st NSL Efficient pathways Development pathways Design indicators DAF Indicators Actions Screening Multi-perspective Geoportal + TOOLS Online interaction PROCESS Scenarios DAFNE project Decision-Analytic Framework & Visual tools to explore the WEF nexus Screening Visual tools to uncover relationships between different issues, solutions, indicators & sectors from different perspectives Multi-perspective
  6. 6. Visualizing relationships in the WEF nexus Multi-perspective visual analysis tool • How to present trade-offs in the WEF sector and support comparative analysis of alternatives for a wide range of stakeholders? • How to capture and present different perspectives (sectors/stakeholders)? • Perspective making and perspective taking theory (Boland and Tenkasi 1995) • Bridging between different worlds of knowledge and competing interests • How to make results of scientific models understandable for non-technical users? • Reduce information/knowledge asymmetries 7 Participatory design process with stakeholders Analysis of user needs Design & implement Evaluate
  7. 7. Three main use cases 8 1: managing complexity by high-level screening of relevant solution alternatives 2: understanding the problem space in detail from one’s own perspective 3: understanding the problem space from other sector’s perspectives and developing a “shared” understanding Multi-perspective visual analysis tool
  8. 8. 1: Selecting a subset of relevant alternatives Managing complexity with high-level screening of alternatives 9 • …collectively selecting a subset of alternatives from a large list based on few design indicators representing each sector
  9. 9. 1: Selecting a subset of relevant alternatives 10 • …collectively selecting a subset of alternatives from a large list based on few design indicators representing each sector • … revealing the trade-offs already at this stage Managing complexity with high-level screening of alternatives
  10. 10. 2: Perspective making Analysing solutions and defining own preferences 11 Example: trade-off between the irrigation agriculture and the impact on fisheries - Energy Gibe 1 - Energy Gibe 2 - Energy Gibe 3 - Energy production Gibe 2 - Water deficit for irrigation Kuraz - Fish yield production Turkana - Flow positive distance in Omo - Flow negative distance in Omo …. Indicators • …understanding the impact on indicators specific to a stakeholder sector • …exploring the impact of alternatives on various indicators and selecting preferred ones Energy Food Environment
  11. 11. 3: Perspective taking Enabling negotiation between sectors 12 • Getting an understanding of other sectors’ perspectives and trade-offs • Developing a shared understanding and deciding on common preferences Here one can vividly see which alternatives satisfy both sector perspectives
  12. 12. Tools were tested in small group sessions Stakeholders valued the hands-on experience • Stakeholders trying out the tools 2 2nd NSL workshop in Lusaka, Zambia in July 2019 “We would like to have more trainings like this” – Stakeholder Zambezi
  13. 13. 14 Stakeholders collectively made decisions Stakeholders from Kenya and Ethiopia viewed the issues from the perspectives of each other 2nd NSL workshop in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in July 2019 “Comparison mode is also very helpful, good visualization, can compare easily, to make trade-offs, and to have evidence for negotiation” – Stakeholder Omo
  14. 14. Tools positively evaluated by the stakeholders 16 stakeholders in Omo-Turkana 15 à Similar evaluation results in the Zambezi basin
  15. 15. Further research & challenges „Common“ ground, understandability and trustworthiness Multi-perspective approach and tools adaptable to broader range of multi-stakeholder and/or multi-criteria scenarios • Providing stakeholders with guidance for the analysis • Enabling an easy analysis of trade-offs of alternative solutions • Supporting the definition of preferences and different perspectives • Facilitating the understanding of perspectives of others • Reducing information & knowledge asymmetries Some (ongoing) challenges: • How to make results trustworthy and more understandable, especially to non-technical stakeholders? • How to connect operational WEF indicators to higher level issues (e.g. SDGs)? 16
  16. 16. www.dafne-project.eu @dafne_project

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