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Naturnet newsletter03


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Naturnet newsletter03

  1. 1. Naturnet - Redime NEWSLETTER No. 3 May 2006 Content UK Case studies and “regional” descriptionNATURNET-REDIME PORTAL TOOLS - Map Project Richard NobleManager The two studies being considered in the NNRK.Charvat, P. Horak project by the UK partner, the University of Hull International Fisheries Institute, are considering the The NaturNet-Redime web portal is designed socio-economic and ecological implications of theand implemented as advanced distributed sustainable development of UK rivers under the EU-interoperable knowledge and educational web services Water Framework Directive (WFD). In the case of thethat will support awareness and learning about UK many of our larger rivers have suffered a legacy ofinformation and tools solving environmental, alteration and pollution that have resulted in losses ofeconomical and social problems of sustainability habitats and species as well as the rivers capacity toacross Europe. provide clean water. As the historical legacy of the Page 2 industrial revolution is slowly cleaned up the mangement of these rivers is beginning to address theIntegrated river management and ecology: rehabilitation of the ecological interests of thesesustainable development of the River Kamp habitats …landscape Page 12A. Zitek, S. Preis & S. Muhar Collaboration in the Qualitative Reasoning The Austrian case study “Integrated river Workbenchmanagement and ecology: sustainable development ofthe River Kamp landscape” focuses on the integration Anders Bouwer, Jochem Liem, Bert Bredewegof the basic socio-economical and ecological factors One of the goals the NaturNet-Redime project isthat have to be considered to achieve a sustainable to deliver a Collaborative Qualitative Reasoning (QR)development of riverine landscapes. The Workbench, which allows stake-holders to workrepresentation of key processes driving the sustainable together on models and model parts. Collaboration candevelopment of riverine landscapes in QR with GARP in principle be asynchronously as well aswill help to organize the information in a synchronously. Collaborating separatelycomprehensible way and will be used to communicate (asynchronously) involves storing, searching andpotential development scenarios … exchanging models and model parts easily. To this Page 5 end, a model repository will be created, in which models are stored in a format that adheres to the WebThe Role of Foresight & State of the Art in the EU Ontology Language (OWL) …Patrick Crehan Page 15 The time horizon - 2025 is relevant to imagine Events of interestactual structural changes in the rural regions ofEurope. The extent of changes likely to take place on Page 20this time-scale means that trend analysis on its own is XII. European Conference - Information Systems inunlikely to yield useful results. Foresight is a global, Agriculture and Forestry on Through scientificinterdisciplinary approach to creating knowledge about development to prosperitythe future for policy development. It takes account not Page 21only the ‘drivers of change’ but their mutual interactions contactas well … Page 22 Page 10 České centrum pro vědu a společnost, Radlická 28/263, 150 00 Praha 5, Czech Republic ISSN 1801-6480 <META NAME="DC.Identifier" CONTENT="(SCHEME=ISSN) 18016480">
  2. 2. NATURNET-REDIME PORTAL TOOLS Map Project Manager K.Charvat, P. Horak or “public“ – the setting will be available to every The NaturNet-Redime web portal is designed user.and implemented as advanced distributedinteroperable knowledge and educational web Creating and setting a data parametersservices that will support awareness and learning display – using MapMan you can create yourabout information and tools solving environmental, personal symbol set, you can create new symbols,economical and social problems of sustainability define their setting and colour, you can combineacross Europe. The new geographical and location- symbols and make special graphic symbols. Thebased services are combined with 3D of objects and possibilities are limited by the character of real dataadvanced learning tools. Due the interoperability on layer – e.g. the data from the local server or datathe level of data as well as services the portal offers through WFS can be displayed according to theaccess to distributed sources and also offers the user´s setting without any problem.possibility to integrate external knowledge The Map Project Manager (MapMan) is a Componentssoftware tool for users who want to create new mapprojects and compositions. You can use the tool for Project Windowworks focused on the use and display of GIS data in Project window is a basic part of MapMan. Youthe Internet environment. MapMan is capable of can choose from the list of available projects, whichcreating various map compositions and you can use contains project descriptions and data previews.different data sources – data on the local server, butalso data available through web services, which aresaved on an external server. In the framework Project EditorNATURNET-REDIME the portal MapMan is closely The main Mapman component is a Projectlinked to other portal components – metadata editor. Using the component you can build a newsystems and the DHTML map client. You can use project, choose coordinate systems, define datathis functionality for searching for data on external sources, and certainly you can make a newservers. presentation design of data – symbols, colours, etc. You can also define “ the user view“ as a part of theFunctionality whole map project Map project selection –the user can make a A new project can be made by editing a differentselection from a list of completed projects and he can project or by building a new independent project bydisplay them in a map client. The detailed description means of searching and using new data layers. Theof project and the preview can be included in the list layers can be saved on different data sourcesof projects. Each of the projects is linked to the (servers) and they may contain various data types.DHTML map client and there it opens in the map Data sources:client window according to the project settings. Youcan access the list of projects also from other • Web Map Servicesapplications and you can use it if you make new • Web Features Servicelectures, information pages, etc. • Catalog Creating a user project is a basic MapManfunction for generating a new project. If you create a • Local data (internal server)new project, you can define data layers from differentsources and according to data types you can set • Other projectsspecial parameters fordata display. You cansave the data layers anddata layer settings into aRepository for a futureuse in another project.The setting can bedefined as “private“ – onlyfor the user who made it, 2
  3. 3. The Web Map Services and Web FeaturesServices provide the transfer of information from DHTML Clientexternal servers. Using MapMan the user can ask fordata directly from external servers or use an MapMan is closely linked to DHTML mapinterconnection to metadata catalogs (Micka and client. DHTML map client is a tool for presentation ofGeoNetwork) – in this case one can specify more GIS data.precisely the request for a selection of data layers. MapMan cooperates with Map client in twoMetadata catalog will find him only the layers which ways:correspond to the defined requirements. • the finished project saved in the List of The user who has access rights to data on an projects is opened in full DHTML mapinternal server can use the data directly for creating a client. The user can use all map functionsmap project – one doesn’t have to use the web and work with the map in a standard If needed one can also define the Data of the project are displayed on thecartography design of the data. basis of the project settings To create a new project you can use already • light version of DHTML map client isexisting projects. Building of a map composition can included in the MapMan project editor .be difficult but you can use an existing project or a You can operate, control and check yourpart of project as a source and you can only change work easily while you prepare the project.the settings which are needed for the new project. The functionality of the DHTML mapThis way of creating is easier and user friendlier. client is limited to simple operations for You can combine the layers which are loaded work with map (zoom, move, etc.)in MapMan with other layers, you can change theorder of layers, provide changes of display settings (if Repositoryit is possible for the type of data), etc. The project will Repository is a component for storing elementsbe saved as an xml file and the DHTML map client and parts of the project which could be useful forintegrated in the NNR portal can use it for data building and editing new projects. Above all there arepresentation. settings of colours and symbols but also complete layers. If the user has access rights, he can use the setting layer and elements for a project. He can also store his own setting in the repository for future work. 3
  4. 4. Repository contains: Authorization • Symbols – basic definition of object form Access rights for MapMan will be solved for presentation three levels • Classes – detailed specification of a • standard user – for people who want to symbol – a symbol also can be work with complete projects composed from other symbols with • expert – for users who want to change different color, size, form, display projects or to make new projects parameters, etc • administrator – for programmers • Layers – settings for all layers – layers are saved with all settings, the user does not have to make new settings The settings of access rights will be solved in the framework of access rights for all NNR portals 4
  5. 5. Integrated river management and ecology: sustainable development of the River Kamp landscape A. Zitek, S. Preis & S. Muhar Directive (WFD, a new European water legislationThe Austrian case study “Integrated river launched in the year 2000) is the management ofmanagement and ecology: sustainable development river basins, the natural geographic and hydrologicof the River Kamp landscape” focuses on the unit. As one of the key objectives of the WFD is tointegration of the basic socio-economical and achieve the “good ecological status” of runningecological factors that have to be considered to waters by 2015, the case study uses the ecologicalachieve a sustainable development of riverine status of the river as an indicator for sustainability onlandscapes. The representation of key processes a catchment level.driving the sustainable development of riverinelandscapes in QR with GARP will help to organize The River Kamp lies in the North-Eastern part ofthe information in a comprehensible way and will be Austria (Fig. 1). It has a length of 160 km and aused to communicate potential development catchment area of 1753 km²; the mean slope of thescenarios. The models will be developed within a river in the project area is between 1‰ and 3.4‰.collaborative QR-workbench (collaborative modelling The discharge regime and the temperature regime ofand learning environment) in close collaboration with the river are heavily modified by large impoundmentsa case study from England. Both case studies take in the upstream part of the project area (Fig. 2).into account activities and needs at a catchmentlevel, as the main focus of the EU-Water-Framework- Vi Figure 1: Situation of the River Kamp in Austria. 5
  6. 6. Central Catchment area: ~1750 km² River length: ~160 km Origin: 920m ü. A. Confluence with Danube.:180m ü. A. Management area Mean slope: between 1 ‰ and 3,4 ‰ Pilot area Catchment Data: Figure 2: Location of the project area within the catchment of the River Kamp in Lower Austria. synchronized with the actual situation, the differentCatastrophic floods and inundations in August 2002 uses and functions of the valley (settlement area -set new conditions for life and economy in the in the free surrounding area). A management plan for theKamp-valley. Flood control management and central valley area, which is in turn a basis for alandscape architecture & planning face essential and detailed planning for a selected municipality, isfuture challenges. From an ecological point of view, developed. Besides the consideration of the spatialthe extreme event led to an extraordinary scale (from catchment level up to planning ontodevelopment of the river landscape within the valley: municipalities) the interdisciplinary work of theit resulted in the re-formation of natural unconstrained different disciplines biology/nature conservation,river sections, habitats that when rebuilt by man in landscape planning, water resources management,other rivers in Austria have required large financial regional planning, agriculture and forestry andexpenditure (for example within the framework of hydropower production is of central relevance for theLife-Nature projects). At the same time the question success of the project (Fig. 3). Moreover, planning isof an EU-WRRL-consistent treatment of the topics conducted in participation with authorities,flood control/natural retention/prevention is arising. stakeholders and the local population. The integrationConsequently, the high water event finally represents of the population into the planning activities exceedsa chance to develop the riverine landscape together pure information policy with the possibility for thewith the local population as well as with the local population to actively participate in developingconcerned scientific disciplines considering social, the future scenarios for their valley. The followingeconomic and ecological claims. On this basis an working tasks are treated within the project (Fig. 4):overall integrated concept towards the sustainabledevelopment of the River Kamp landscape is being (1) A comprehensive investigation and representationdeveloped at the University of Natural Resources and of the current situation of the Kamp valley (fluvialApplied Life Sciences, Vienna. The study starts at topography) as well as of the different claims ofplans for flood control measures, flood forecasting stakeholders (uses, expectations, etc.).and action plans for emergencies, which have been (2) Adjustment and integration of planned anddeveloped by the local government. Main task of the ongoing activities (flood control measures, floodproject is the elaboration of aims and directives for a forecasting and action plans for emergencies).sustainable development from a regional point ofview and to outline different future scenarios 6
  7. 7. (3) Elaboration of sectoral mission statement general basic local parameters (conditions/generalconcepts for the development of the valley from the regulations, like the aims of the WFD, FFH, ..) (Fig.viewpoint of the different disciplines as well as the 5).municipalities/population (Fig. 5). In total 320 actions out of 14 sectoral mission Content and characteristics of a sectoral statements were defined and have been mission statement: grouped according to superordinated issues (i.e. residual flow, morphology) and local o Visionary & operative mission situations (hydropower production, statement (“limits of reality”) agriculture, tourism…) o Values and deficits Visualization of reciprocal actions of the o Development of actions (“Increase single actions to identify potential conflicts or and protect values and decrease positive interactions based on a matrix deficits”) Identification of potential solutions(4) Collective elaboration of scenarios and actions for (5) Development of a super ordinate managementthe future development of the riverine landscape of plan on the basis of the scenarios developed in (4)the Kamp valley (flood control, settlements, (Fig. 5).agriculture, ecology, hydropower industry, leisuretime and regeneration, tourism...) which integrate the (6) Detailed planning at a pilot municipality.sectorial concepts/targets/requests considering the © Rathmayer/Köstler Tourism Infrastructure Energy production Fisheries Forestry Integrative view of the riverine landscape „Kamp“ Landscape planning Agriculture Groundwater Hydrology / Flood protection Sediment management/ River Morphology Local population © W. Hauer © O. Pruckner Nature protection / Ecology Figure 3: An integrative view of the riverine landscape “Kamp”. 7
  8. 8. Analysis of the present situation Development of sectoral mission statements, aims and targets Development of an integrative mission statement – „Sustainable development of the riverine landscape Kamp“ Concerted development of scenarios Transparent evaluation of the scenarios with regard to the integrative mission statement Management plan (based on evaluation of scenarios) Participating selection of scenarios & development of measures Development of detailed plans for a pilot area Figure 4: Project structure. Infrastructure Agriculture/ Landscape Vegetation productionHydrology Tourism Traffic & planning Ecology forestry Citizen Energy ……………. Sectoral mission statements Integrative mission statement Scenarios Management plan „From single disciplines to an integrative management plan“ Figure 5: From single disciplines to an integrative management plan. 8
  9. 9. :F t O F t O Burgruine F t K lt kF t F t K lt k Figure 6: Some additional impressions from the Kamp valley 9
  10. 10. The Role of Foresight & State of the Art in the EU Patrick Crehan the EU25 in terms of language and content for easeThe time horizon - 2025 is relevant to imagine actual of use by practitioners. This series of guides isstructural changes in the rural regions of Europe. The available freely on the IPTS website and is widelyextent of changes likely to take place on this time- used as a basic reference by foresight practitioners.scale means that trend analysis on its own is unlikelyto yield useful results. Foresight is a global, In 2003 the European Commission DG Research K2interdisciplinary approach to creating knowledge Unit established a ‘High Level Working Group onabout the future for policy development. It takes Blueprints for Regional Foresight’ that will work untilaccount not only the ‘drivers of change’ but their mid 2004 on the design of a series of 6 blueprints formutual interactions as well. The Commission has generic foresight actions adapted to the needs ofpublished the following definition: regional administration across the EU25+. Many of the partners in this project are already involved in the"Foresight can be defined as a systematic, work of this group. In particular Prof. Liam Downeyparticipatory, future intelligence gathering and working for the coordinating partner NUIM ismedium to long term vision building process aimed at chairman of this High Level Working Group. Dr.present day decisions and mobilising joint actions" Patrick Crehan of the subcontracted organisation(EU Commission, 2002). CKA is coordinator of the AGRIBLUE’ blueprint forIn the last decade the term has come to represent an foresight applied to sustainable territorialapproach to policy related knowledge creation that development. Dr. Yves Leon of P3 – INRA and Prof.emphasises the role of stakeholders and the manner Atanas Atanassov of P8 – ABI are also deeplyof their involvement in policy related processes. It involved in the work of AGRIBLUE. In this sense thehelps to resolve the tension that exists between the FORSURE project is very close to the cutting edge ofidealistic approach to the creation of knowledge for thinking about foresight in Europe and incorporatespolicy development by scientists and the pragmatic access to a considerable body of experience in theneed for unambiguous recommendations, practical design and implementation of foresightstakeholder buy-in and acceptance by those engaged exercises in different policy development and implementation. Foresight The manual on regional foresight identifies therefers not only to a sequence of rigorous exercises of following key aspects of a foresight approach.a scientific nature but to a rigorous process for the Foresight examines long-term futures with more of aengagement of stakeholders in the creation of holistic analysis than is typical in conventionalknowledge about the future for policy related process forecasting techniques, and with greater links tosuch as: action than do many futures studies. It examines a wide range of factors, draws on widely distributed knowledge and has a highly participative dimension. • The identification of research priorities It uses formal techniques and methods to provide for S+T research programmes, more operational results. These techniques can be • The identification of investment priorities quantitative or qualitative and frequently involve the for regional development, use of experts. While the Foresight approach is clear, the precise techniques to be used will depend on the • The mobilisation of actors to address task in hand. In many ways Foresight resembles a long-term issues, strategic planning process and indeed many of the • The orientation of actors on complex tools that may be employed in a foresight activity cross cutting policy issues. have been borrowed or adapted from those of strategic management. The main difference is the emphasis that is placed on stakeholder involvement.The European Commission FP5 STRATA Program While strategic planning can take place in afinanced a number of RTD and accompanying backroom and involve a small number of elite ormeasures on the application of foresight in regions of privileged players, foresight is a transparent andthe EU and accession countries. In July 2002 the DG open process that involves a broader set ofResearch published a working document entitled stakeholders.Strengthening the Dimension of Foresight in theEuropean Research Area and in 2003 the FP6STRATA program financed a project called FORENto develop a ‘Users Guide to Regional Foresight’.This document has been localised for the countries of 10
  11. 11. Foresight techniques and tools include techniques for Analysis,managing stakeholder engagement such as: • Analysis:• Expectations Management, • SWOT = analysis of Strengths,• Orientation and Motivation Workshops, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats• Stakeholder Analysis and Constituency Building. • STEEPV = analysis of Social, Technological, Economic, This work can be followed up by methods for Environmental, Political & human Valueinitial gathering of intelligence such as: factors• Gathering and/or Commissioning Reports, • PEST = analysis of Political, Economic,• Passive and Active Scanning for Trends, Social and Technological trends• Literature Reviews & Weak Signal Detection, • PESTLE = analysis of Political, Economic, Social, Technological,• Delphi Exercises, Surveys & Interviews, Legislative and Environmental factors or• Simulation, Exploratory Modelling & Forecasting, trendsThis intelligence is then used to support interactiveand highly participative exercises with thestakeholders intended to develop deep familiarity withthe material as well as ownership of the issues andoptions available such as:• Driver and Cross Impact Analysis,• Structural, Morphological & Interdependence A Schematic View of the Role of Foresight in Creating Knowledge for Policy Development 11
  12. 12. UK Case studies and “regional” description Richard Noble catchment is low-lying fenland. The catchment Background to case studies suffers from a legacy of channel modification andThe two studies being considered in the NNR project river regulation. During the 17th century, the Fensby the UK partner, the University of Hull International were transformed from wetlands with raised islandsFisheries Institute, are considering the socio- of clay, into productive arable land. The area is noweconomic and ecological implications of the covered by an extensive network of drainagesustainable development of UK rivers under the EU- channels varying in size from ditches to largeWater Framework Directive (WFD). In the case of the waterways. Of particular note are the New BedfordUK many of our larger rivers have suffered a legacy River or Hundred Foot Drain, and Old Bedford River,of alteration and pollution that have resulted in losses which carry water between sluice complexes at Earithof habitats and species as well as the rivers capacity and Denver, bypassing much of the central part ofto provide clean water. As the historical legacy of the the main river (not outside the catchment). Theseindustrial revolution is slowly cleaned up the artificial channels are considered to be of high valuemangement of these rivers is beginning to address for nature conservation, principally floodplain washthe rehabilitation of the ecological interests of these lands. Upstream of Bedford, regulation for floodhabitats, whilst also developing other water resource control and resource management has been limitedissues and services derived from them. mainly to in-stream water retention (weir construction), land drainage (i.e. dredging, weed cutting) and the reclamation of abandoned meanders.Much of the effort in rehabilitation of these rivers has Downstream of Bedford, regulation for small-craftfocussed on the improvement of water quality. navigation, as well as for flood control and waterImprovement in water quality has resulted in many retention, has resulted in the loss of many floodrivers being cleaned up and some most river which meadows, oxbow lakes, etc. for agriculture orwere once considered lifeless now have thriving quarrying. This has resulted in a dredged andanimal life. However, the physical alterations to the embanked main channel with few natural features.rivers (weirs, sluices, dams and channelisation) are The predominately vertical banks along much of thestill existing and have to be addressed as these lowland river, a result of land drainage, navigationimpede the longitudinal and lateral connectivity of the and river regulation, have resulted in a lack ofrivers. The UK case studies will examine what is suitable instream habitat for spawning and or forrequired to rehabilitate features for lateral and feeding and shelter of juvenile lowland river fishlongitudinal connectivity together with the socio- species. Additionally the lack of off-channel floodplaineconomic implications and benefits of such activities. habitats has detrimental consequences for fishTwo case studies will be considered, firstly the Great recruitment and consequently consequences forOuse where floodplain lateral connectivity is an issue angling interests and the wider ecological value of theand secondly the River Trent where longitudinal river.connectivity is a major issue. Such analyses willreflect the work required for implimentation of river The recognition of the ecological value ofbasin management plans under the WFD. wetland floodplain habitats together with the implementation of the WFD for the sustainable Great Ouse catchment management of river basins has resulted in holisticThe Great Ouse is one of the largest (8585 km2) and projects which attempt to integrate both conservationdriest river catchments in Eastern England, draining interests and the development of ecosystem servicesapproximately 7 % of England, covering much of East provided by the Great Ouse catchment. Within theseAnglia. The overall catchment extends from west of projects the feasilbility of re-establishing off-channelthe headwaters, north-west of Buckingham in central floodplain habitats has been considered to enhanceEngland, to the Wash Estuary at King’s Lynn. The the ecological quality of the Great Ouse catchment.main river length is 1251 km. The lower part of the 12
  13. 13. benefits of, improving the lateral connectivity ofWithin the NNR project the aim of this case study will to develop a model which can be used to informvarious stakeholders of the requirements for, andLowland river drainage channels in the Great Ousecatchment which have resulted in losses of wetlandand floodplain habitats. expansion of industry, the fishery began to decline, and by 1920 the River Tame, a major tributary of theRiver Trent catchment Trent, was devoid of fish. Water quality reached its lowest level in the 1950s, and long stretches of theThe River Trent is 274 km long from its source on Trent suffered from a lack of dissolved oxygen andBiddulph Moor in north Staffordshire to its confluence were devoid of fish until the 1970s. Since the 1970’swith the Yorkshire Ouse and the Humber Estuary at improvements in waste water treatment andTrent Falls. The River Trent is the third largest river in management have led to great improvements inEngland and Wales, with a catchment area of 10 500 water quality to the point where these are no longerkm2. Through its tributaries, the Trent drains a considered to be limiting factors to ecologicalnumber of large conurbations, including Birmingham, recovery.Leicester, Derby, Stoke-on-Trent and Nottingham.The intense industrialisation and urbanisation The limiting factor for the re-development of migratingassociated with these areas following the industrial salmon stocks are now migration barriers. The Riverrevolution led to a deterioration in the water quality of Trent and its tributaries contain many obstructions tothe Trent. Prior to the industrial revolution, the Trent the upstream passage of migratory fish. The vasthad diverse and prolific fish stocks, and supported majority were built at the time of the industrialsalmon (Salmo salar L.) and eel (Anguilla anguilla revolution to supply power to the mills and create(L.)) fisheries. In the past the River Trent was navigable waters for distribution of the produce, thoughundoubtedly an important salmon river and was well some of the navigation weirs on the River Trent wereknown for its commercial salmon fisheries and there reconstructed and enlarged in the 1920s towas also a notable rod and line fishery. Even in the late accommodate deeper draught vessels passing up tonineteenth century, when a large part of the catchment Nottingham. The functions of watercourse obstructionswas already denied to salmon as a result of were varied, they served to supply water or electricalimpassable barriers, records of indicated that the Trent power to mills and factories, to impound water forhad a run of at least 3000 fish. However, with the abstraction purposes, for the purpose of navigation, to 13
  14. 14. alleviate flooding and for angling, aesthetic or amenity development of the salmon stocks.value. However, many of these obstructions now nolonger serve the purpuse for which they were originallyintended due to changes in industry and navigation in Within the NNR project the aim of this case study willthe area. In recent times much consideration has been be to develop a model which can be used to informgiven to the potential to rehabilitate some of these various stakeholders of the requirements for, andsemi-redundant and to rehabilitate the salmon benefits of, improving the longitudinal connectivity ofpopulations of the Trent. rivers and the potential rehabilitation of a highly valuable and conservation protected species.Much of the promotion of the potential rehabilitation ofsalmon populations lies around the fact that beyondtheir ecological and conservation value salmonfisheries may have a high social and economic value.However, whilst there are potential socio-economicbeneifits of re-establishing salmon popultaions to theTrent catchment, alterations to the longitudinal barrierson the Trent will have knock on effects to other usergroups (e.g. navigation, abstraction, hydropower andother fisheries) which may be considered detrimental tothe continued development of other resources. Ifsalmon are re-introduced these conflicts between userswill have to be resolved through negotiation with thevarious user groups. In addition, future proposals onthe river will have to be evaluated to preventdegradation of the catchment and permit the sustained Photo of Holmes Sluices at Nottingham on the River Trent - originally totally impassible to migrating fish until the construction of the canoe slalom fish pass ( 14
  15. 15. Collaboration in the Qualitative Reasoning Workbench Anders Bouwer, Jochem Liem, Bert Bredeweg and outside the project. The envisioned solution toIntroduction facilitate collaboration is a qualitative modelOne of the goals the NaturNet-Redime project is to repository, which keeps track of different versions ofdeliver a Collaborative Qualitative Reasoning (QR) models. Furthermore, it should enable users toWorkbench, which allows stake-holders to work search for, store, update, and retrieve models. To betogether on models and model parts. Collaboration able to cope with a large amount of models, ancan in principle be asynchronously as well as indexing mechanism will be created that describessynchronously. Collaborating separately the different categories of models within the(asynchronously) involves storing, searching and repository.exchanging models and model parts easily. To this The proposed interaction between the qualitativeend, a model repository will be created, in which reasoning and modeling software Garp3, and themodels are stored in a format that adheres to the qualitative model repository is shown in Figure 1.Web Ontology Language (OWL). Garp3 has been From the Garp3 software a model can be exported toextended with OWL export and import functionality, a new format, which describes the content of and theand in the coming months functionality will be added meta-data about the model. The model in the newto enable model merging. To support model builders representation uses concepts defined in thein working together synchronously, it is crucial to qualitative reasoning vocabulary. These models canrepresent initial and sketchy ideas along the way to be stored in and retrieved from the qualitative modelthe final model, to develop mutual understanding repository. This repository is indexed using anfrom the start. To this end, the single-user version of ontology describing the categories in which thethe QR workbench (Garp3) [1] is extended with the models can be stored. Users are able to search forSketch environment, in which users can record their models, submit and update them, and downloadinitial and intermediate ideas. Below we describe models. Other desired functionality is leavingongoing work on these two issues. feedback and ratings and using this information in theQualitative Model Repository and Model Merging model search.The NaturNet-Redime project partners need to beable to collaboratively build qualitative models aboutsustainable development and share these both within Figure 1: The interaction of the qualitative reasoning and modelling workbench Garp3, the model represented in OWL, the vocabulary formalised in OWL, and the qualitative model repository (using an ontology about its content). 15
  16. 16. Relations between objects can only be exported if theA significant part of the work towards the realization identifiers of these objects are known, so these haveof the qualitative model repository has already been to be exported first. Since model fragments canfinalized. To be able to search for specific structures contain other model fragments, reused modelin qualitative models using a model repository, these fragments have to be exported before the modelmodels have to be represented using a formalism fragments in which they are used.that is open and accessible. The default file format ofthe qualitative reasoning and modeling tool Garp3 is Similar issues are present during the import of aa binary file, which is unsuitable for this purpose. The model. Importing a model requires parsing of theWeb Ontology Language (OWL) was chosen as a OWL file and recreating the model. This recreation isnew formalism to represent qualitative models, as it is actually identical to the way a user would create thea standard and allows the semantic description of model. Again, the order of the creation of the modelmodels. Using the OWL formalism, the qualitative ingredients is essential. First, the definitions have tomodel vocabulary has been formalized (see Figure be imported, then the model fragments which do not2). The vocabulary distinguishes model building contain other model fragments, then the rest of theblocks from model aggregates such as model content starting at the objects, afterwards thefragments, and structural from behavioural aspects of relations, etc.a model [4]. Another ongoing effort to facilitate collaboration isBased on the qualitative model vocabulary a model merging. To be able to reuse model fragmentsrepresentation of qualitative models has been from qualitative models it should become possible todeveloped. These representations of models in OWL “copy/paste” parts of models into other models. Foruse concepts defined in the vocabulary ontology. text documents such functionality is trivial toFunctionality to export and import qualitative models implement, however in qualitative models this isto its OWL counterpart has been added to the rather complex. Definitions of model ingredients andqualitative reasoning and modelling workbench model fragments are reused within the same model.Garp3. Therefore, pasting a model fragment into another model requires the definitions to be transferred to theThe implementation of the OWL import and export other model too. Furthermore, there are all kinds offunctionality in Garp3 works in a fundamentally name clashes that may occur, which have to be dealtdifferent way compared to interacting with the original with in a user-friendly way. Another issue is that thebinary format. Loading the original file worked by qualitative reasoning and modelling workbenchactually loading the binary data directly into the Garp3 was not designed to have multiple modelssystem memory. To export the OWL file the model open at the same time. This is a first requirement tohas to be parsed and translated. The order in which implement the copy/paste functionality, and willthis happens is essential. The definitions of model require some architectural changes to the software.ingredients have to be exported before the instancesof these definitions can be used in model fragments. 16
  17. 17. Figure 2: The qualitative reasoning vocabulary 17
  18. 18. modelling results, including model goals,The Sketch Environment assumptions, processes, and scenario descriptionsThe Sketch environment is intended to support the will be supported using text-based interfaces withinitial stages of modelling, before the actual structured text fields, similar to the interface that isimplementation takes place. Following the structured currently used in the meta-data editor in Garp3modelling methodology [2], we focus on the first three [1]. Future work will address ways to support the(of six) steps in building qualitative models: move from these initial modelling steps to the • Step 1. Orientation and initial implementation and debugging stages. An issue here specification of the system (model is whether and how to ensure upward consistency goals, concept map); between, for example, a concept map, and model implementation. • Step 2. System selection & structural model (entities, configurations, etc.); Concluding remarks • Step 3. Global behaviour (causal An important step in the NaturNet-Redime project model, expected behaviour graph, was the development of the ‘single user workbench’ etc.). for articulating, simulating, and inspecting conceptual models on issues relevant to sustainableHow to support these steps in the modelling process? development. Now that this software is available,The philosophy behind the design of the Sketch further goals are to augment the workbench withenvironment consists of the following ideas: facilities that support collaboration among users. • It should support the creation of Ongoing research therefore focuses on the intermediate results; implementation of the qualitative model repository, the model merging functionality, and the sketch • Users should be free to specify ideas environment. Consult the qualitative reasoning and without bothering about unnecessary modelling (QRM) portal for further information on the details; Garp3 workbench: • The interface should be relatively References simple and sparse; [1]Bredeweg, B., Bouwer, A., and Liem, J. • Different look-and-feel from Build (2006) Single-user QR model building and simulation mode (but similar way of interaction). workbench. Naturnet-Redime, STREP project co- funded by the European Commission within the SixthBased on these ideas, and additional considerations Framework Programme (2002-2006), Project the design document [3], designs have been made 004074. Project deliverable D4.1.for several screens to be included in the collaborativeversion of the Garp3 workbench: editors for the [2]Bredeweg, B., Salles, P., Bouwer, A., andconcept map, structural model, causal model, and Liem, J. (2005) Framework for conceptual QRbehaviour graph. Currently, a working prototype description of case studies. Naturnet-Redime,exists which contains a concept map editor and a STREP project co-funded by the Europeancausal model editor. The concept map editor allows Commission within the Sixth Framework Programmeusers to specify concepts and relations between (2002-2006), Project no. 004074. Project deliverablethem, without having to resort to other software. The D6.1.visualization is kept sparse by using text labels [3]Bredeweg, B., Bouwer, A., and Liem, J.without icons, and only two buttons are present to (2005) Requirements analysis and re-design forperform the necessary actions. The causal model collaborative workbench. Naturnet-Redime, STREPeditor allows users to specify quantities and causal project co-funded by the European Commissiondependencies (influences and proportionalities) within the Sixth Framework Programme (2002-2006),between them, without the need to consider entities Project no. 004074. Project milestone M4.2.or quantity spaces for quantities (as is necessary inBuild mode). This allows a simple interface with few [4]Liem, J. and Bredeweg, B. (2006) Documentbuttons, and a very compact visualization. The Type Definition (DTD) for QR Model Fragmentsinterface for the structural model editor will resemble Redime. Naturnet-Redime, STREP project co-fundedthat of the concept map editor, but with buttons for by the European Commission within the Sixthadding entities, configurations, etc. Framework Programme (2002-2006), Project no. 004074. Project deliverable D2.3.1.Work in progress concerns the state-transition grapheditor, in which users can specify the expectedbehaviour in terms of values and inequalities thatapply to certain states. The rest of the intermediate 18
  19. 19. FAO/WFP/UNEP/UNOCHA GeoNetwork Spatial Information Management Development Release of GeoNetwork 2.02 information. GeoNetwork opensource providesGeoNetwork opensource is a standardized and them with the capacity to access a wide selection ofdecentralized spatial information management maps and other spatial information stored in differentenvironment, designed to enable access to geo- databases around the world through a single entryreferenced databases, cartographic products and point.related metadata from a variety of sources,enhancing the spatial information exchange and GeoNetwork opensource has been developed tosharing between organizations and their audience, connect spatial information communities and theirusing the capacities of the internet. This approach of data using a modern architecture, which is at thegeographic information management aims at same time powerful and low cost, based on thefacilitating a wide community of spatial information principles of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)users to have easy and timely access to available and International and Open Standards for servicesspatial data and to existing thematic maps that might and protocols (a.o. from ISO/TC211 and OGC).support informed decision making. The GeoNetwork opensource architecture, in fact,Maps, including those derived from satellite imagery, is largely compatible with the Geospatial Portalare effective communicational tools and play an Reference Architecture, which is the Openimportant role in the work of various types of users: Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Guide to implement a standardized geospatial portal, and is madeDecision Makers: e.g. Sustainable development available as an opensource project on theplanners and humanitarian and emergency managers sitein need of quick, reliable and up to date user-friendly ( andcartographic products as a basis for action and better As aplan and monitor their activities. result the GeoNetwork opensource software can beGIS Experts in need of exchanging consistent and used by any interested party as a straightforward andupdated geographical data. cost-effective means of publishing geographical metadata and data on the web.Spatial Analysts in need of multidisciplinary data toperform preliminary geographical analysis and So far the GeoNetwork opensource software hasreliable forecasts to better set up appropriate been deployed at a number of organizations aroundinterventions in vulnerable areas. the world, the first ones being FAO-GeoNetwork ( and VAM-SIE-The main goal of the GeoNetwork opensource GeoNetwork in WFPsoftware is to improve the accessibility of a wide (, both at theirvariety of data, together with the associated Headquarters in Rome - Italy. Furthermore, WHO,information, at different scale and from UNEP, CGIAR and the Global Change Informationmultidisciplinary sources, organized and documented and Research Centre (GCIRC) of China are workingin a standard and consistent way. on GeoNetwork opensource implementations asThe challenge is to enhance the data exchange and their spatial information management capacity.sharing between the organizations to avoid Technical Specificationduplication, increase the cooperation andcoordination of efforts in collecting data and make GeoNetwork opensource implements both thethem available to benefit everybody, saving Portal component and the Catalog database of aresources and at the same time preserving data and Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) defined in the OGCinformation ownership. Reference Architecture. It provides tools for managing and publishing metadata on spatial dataFAO and WFP, and more recently UNEP and UN- and related services. GeoNetwork opensourceOCHA have combined their research and mapping allows a distributed search providing access to aexpertise to develop GeoNetwork opensource as a huge volume of metadata that come from differentcommon strategy to effectively share their spatial Clearinghouses and also provides a web-baseddatabases including digital maps, satellite images interactive map viewer that allows people toand related statistics. The three agencies make composite maps picking layers from distributedextensive use of computer-based data visualization servers on the, known as Geographic Information System(GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) software, mostly to In more detail, GeoNetwork opensource, like thecreate maps that combine various layers of OGC Reference Architecture, employs: 19
  20. 20. Portal Services that provide the access to the can access other databases and vice versa, takinggeospatial information as well as the management into account security settings on metadata and data.and administration of the portal and users. A set of Data Services components that are beingrules allows Authentication and Access Control implemented by GeoNetwork opensource tothat regulate, through controlled privileges, the complete the OpenGIS Framework of the Referenceaccess to reserved information and services. In Architecture. This particular class of servicesaddition, the Portal Platform offers an Advanced provides access to spatial content in repositories andMetadata Editor Module that is able to create and databases and allow data processing through definededit ISO compliant metadata records for geographic common encodings and interfaces. Furthermore thedata using the Standard ISO 19115. The map viewer, Data Services can be distributed across the Internetpart of the portal services, is provided by InterMap, thus they don`t need to be resident on the operationalanother joint FAO-WFP opensource project portal.( Intermapallows the user to select map layers from several GeoNetwork opensource does not directly provideservers, overlay them and create a customized the Map Portrayal, the fourth component of the OGCcomposite map. It can use the WMS protocol to talk Reference Architecture, which makes possible theto OGC servers and can interact with ESRI-based visualization on the Internet of geospatial information.servers using the ArcIMS protocol. Intermap provides However, several open source projects exist whichsupport for access to temporal web map services implements the Map Portrayal component that can be(like time-series of satellite data) and WMServices integrated with the GeoNetwork opensourcethat provide different types of symbology (SLD). package; for instance Deegree, MapServer andFinally, InterMap offers metadata support allowing GeoServer. GeoNetwork opensource version 1linking back to a data description once the layer has has been available with an embedded Deegreebeen displayed on the web. server, providing all components of the OGC Reference Architecture as an integrated package. Catalog Services that allow the collection, This effort has been improved recently joining theregistration and maintenance of descriptive OpenSDI group, which has the purpose of aiding theinformation about the data stored in the database. integration of different OCG Reference ArchitectureThe Catalog Services implements a Metadata components; the GeoNetwork opensource team isClearinghouse which includes a facility to retrieve all working closely with that group to support seamlessthe information on the spatial data made available by integration of GeoNetwork opensource with theseother Clearinghouses. More precisely, the OGC Web and other projects implementing OGC standards.Catalog services Z3950 protocol allow distributedsearch capabilities, i.e. GeoNetwork opensource Events of interest16th and 17th May 2006, Prague 24th – 26th July 2006, Orlando Information Systems in Agriculture and The 4th World Congress of Computers inForestry, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Orlando, Florida, USA from. It is a collaborative effort among31st May – 3rd June 2006 agricultural information technology associations 7th EC conference on Safeguarded Cultural worldwide, http://www.wcca2006.orgHeritage Understanding & Viability for the Enlarged 30th August – 1st September 2006, GrenobleEurope. The conference will take place in Prague,The Czech Republic. POSITIVE SYSTEMS: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, POSTA06 - Second Multidisciplinary International, Grenoble (France),18th – 21th June 2006, Santorini 9th International Conference on Technology 22nd – 24th Nevember, HelsinkiPolicy and Innovation “SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND IST 2006, Helsinki, Finland,SUSTAINABILITY" Santorini, Greece ent/index_en.html 20
  21. 21. XII. European Conference Information Systems in Agriculture and Forestry on Through scientific development to prosperity 16th and 17th May 2006, PragueConference topics scientific opportunities and directions in European Union at the beginning of i2010 iniciative information and communication technologies for rural areas applications for agriculture and forestry eLearning for rural areas human aspect of information society development food safety and traceability knowledge based bio economyThe conference will host presentations of implemented projects: , A-BARD, NODES, AMI@NetFood, a others, activities of EFITA SIGs: broadband@rural, eLearning@rural, eContent@ruralConference languages Conference languages are Czech and English. Interpretation services are arranged.Additional workshops European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and Environment (EFITA) and therural@work Community launched four special interest groups (SIGs) during the conference on Rural areas asengines for the Lisbon strategy held in Brussels in late November. rural@work is a member of the so calledAMI@Work Family of self-organising communities that link experts from all 25 EU Member States (and beyond) forthe European Research and Innovation Area (ERA) at work. The Family facilitates innovation with respect tointroducing the so called ambient intelligence into our professional and private lives, especially in the context ofERA and the 6th and 7th Framework Programmes. The following SIGs serve to different purposes and are related to different areas of interest. Theyinclude: broadband@rural SIG eLearning@rural SIG eContent@rural SIG Website of conference: 21
  22. 22. SIXTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME Educational programmes on social, economic, and environmental tools for the implementation of the EU Strategy on Sustainable Development at both EU and international levels NATURNET-REDIME New Education and Decision Support Model for Active Behaviour in Sustainable Development Based on Innovative Web Services and Qualitative Reasoning Project no. 004074 Instrument: SPECIFIC TARGETED RESEARCH PROJECT Thematic Priority: SUSTDEV-2004-3.VIII.2.e Start date of project: 1st March 2005 Duration: 30 months Web: Project officer Daniel Deybe co-funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme (2002-2006)Co-odinator Contact person Country E-mailCzech Centre for Science and Society Karel Charvat CZ ccss@ccss.czPartner Contact person Country E-mailEnvironmental Network Ltd Peter Barz UK pkab@env-net.com University of Freiburg Barbara Koch DE barbara.koch@felis.uni-freiburg.de of Francavilla di Sicilia Nino Paterno IT npat@stepim.it Bozeny Nemcove Jan Sterba CZ sterba@gybon.cz Grenzüberschreitendes Netzwerk e.V Frank Hoffmann DE 320052219146@t-online.dehttp://www.IGN-SN.deInstitute of Mathematics and Comp. Science, Univ. of Latvia Maris Alberts LV alberts@acad.latnet.lv Research Alexander Almer AT alexander.almer@joanneum.at - Municipality Juris Salmins LV krimulda@rrp.lvAPIF MOVIQUITY SA Wendy Moreno ES wmp@moviquity.com TIC de la Collectivité Territoriale de Corse Jerome Granados FR jerome.granados@mitic.corse.frhttp://www.mitic.corse.frRegion Vysocina Jiri Hiess CZ Hiess.J@kr-vysocina.czUniversity of Jena, Institute of Ecology Tim Nuttle DE Tim.Nuttle@uni-jena.de Michael Neumann mn@mneum.deHuman Computer Studies Laboratory, Informatics Institute, Bert Bredeweg NL of Science, University of Amsterdam Academy of Sciences, Central Laboratory of Yordan Uzunov BG uzunov@ecolab.bas.bgGeneral Ecology (CLGE)Danube Delta National Instit. for Research and Development Eugenia Cioaca RO of Brasilia, Institute of Biological Sciences Paulo Salles BR psalles@unb.brUniversity of Hull, International Fisheries Institute Ian Cowx UK of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Stefan Schmutz AT of Hydrobiology, Fisheries and Aquaculture 22