Art Elements-Use of Line

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High-school level introduction to the elements of art and a unit on line drawing.

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Art Elements-Use of Line

  1. 1. ART ELEMENTS
  2. 2. LINE: A CONTINUOUS MARK MADE ON A SURFACE BY A MOVING POINT; IT MAY BE FLAT (PENCIL LINE) OR THREEDIMENSIONAL (A ROD, GROOVE, RIDGE, ETC.)
  3. 3. SHAPE: AN ENCLOSED SPACE DEFINED BY A LINE OR BY CONTRAST TO ITS SURROUNDINGS. SHAPES ARE TWO-DIMENSIONAL (FLAT): CIRCLE, SQUARE, TRIANGLE, ORGANIC BLOB, ETC.
  4. 4. FORM: A THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT: A DEFINED VOLUME OF SPACE. FORMS CAN ALSO BE CATEGORIZED AS GEOMETRIC OR ORGANIC IN NATURE.
  5. 5. TEXTURE: THE TACTILE SENSATION OR FEEL OF A SURFACE (ROUGH, SMOOTH, SPIKY, ET C.) OR HOW SOMETHING APPEARS TO FEEL.
  6. 6. VALUE: HOW LIGHT OR DARK AN OBJECT OR ELEMENT IS, INDEPENDENT OF ITS COLOR. SHADING USES VALUE TO DEPICT LIGHT AND SHADOW AND SHOW VOLUME/FORM.
  7. 7. COLOR: THE VISIBLE SPECTRUM OF RADIATION REFLECTED FROM AN OBJECT. THREE PROPERTIES OF COLOR ARE: • HUE – THE NAME OF THE COLOR (RED, GREEN, ETC.) • INTENSITY OR SATURATION – THE PURITY (BRIGHTNESS OR DULLNESS) OF THE COLOR. PURE RED IS BRIGHT; RED MIXED WITH A LITTLE GREEN BECOMES LESS INTENSE, MORE NEUTRAL. • VALUE OR BRIGHTNESS – THE LIGHTNESS OR DARKNESS OF A COLOR. HOW MUCH WHITE OR BLACK SHOWS THROUGH OR IS MIXED IN. CAN BE USED TO DEPICT LIGHT AND SHADOW ON A COLOR AND HELP SHOW VOLUME/FORM.
  8. 8. SPACE: THE DISTANCE OR AREA AROUND OR BETWEEN ELEMENTS OF AN ARTWORK. THE ILLUSION OF DEPTH CREATED ON A FLAT SURFACE THROUGH THE USE OF LINEAR PERSPECTIVE, OVERLAPPING ELEMENTS, SIZE, LEVEL OF DETAIL, COLOR AND VALUE.
  9. 9. THE FOLLOWING SLIDES CONTAIN EXAMPLES OF WAYS ARTISTS HAVE USED LINE TO CREATE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SPACE IN AN INTERESTING WAY:

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