Change requires reform and renewalPayne 2008: First it is necessary to be aware of the difference between reform and change. Not all change in education is produced by reform and not all reforms bring about change. In other words, reform as a deliberated intervention in education through policy may or may not generate change. The occurrence of educational change could be driven by different factors that are not necessarily related to policy.
PHILOSOPHY IS ALL EMBRACING!!! There can be no serious discussion on philosophy until we ask the questions … What is education?What is the purpose of school?
Curriculum Development Overview / FOUNDATIONS
Presenter: Dr. Cynthia Crump
BELOW YOUR GOAL:
attitude, and / or
you gained on Day 1.
Provides a framework / building block for:
• organizing institutions and learning
• Broad issues
• Decision making
• “... philosophy is a vital part of action” (Ornstein
• Controls all elements of the curriculum
Explains a process (WHY)
• What knowledge is of most worth
• Origin of each branch of subjects
Set of related statements/educational concepts
explaining a series of events peculiar to a field e.g.
Procedure for curriculum
Traditionally, ...examination of history of curriculum,
differing conceptions of and approaches to curriculum
and its making, and purposes curriculum could and
What philosophy/ies is/are most suited to your curriculum? Why?
What knowledge is of most worth?
How could students learn? Content… Values… competencies?
Why should students learn any subject?
What are our core beliefs about teaching, learning and assessment?
What principles should guide the curriculum development process?
Putting into practice the officially
prescribed courses of study, syllabuses
Helping the learner acquire knowledge or
What factors influence?
Format for curriculum
• describing and judging an educational program or
• Comparing a student’s performance with
behaviourally stated objectives;
• Defining, obtaining and using relevant information
for decision-making process
• INTERNAL and EXTERNAL
• Documents & curriculum
• Equipment & Materials
• Physical setting
Curriculum, Theory and Practice. http://www.infed.org/biblio/b-
Ornstein, A. (n.d.) Philosophy as a basis for curriculum