BevisPPT- Owens ENG1102


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Nathaniel Hawthorne's Use of Sin in his Writing

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BevisPPT- Owens ENG1102

  1. 1. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Theme of Sin in his Writing<br />Cynda BevisProfessor OwensEnglish 110215 July 2010<br />
  2. 2. Background:<br />Hawthorne was born in Salem Massachusetts in 1804 to a family that took part in the Salem Witch trials.<br />His writing interests come from his ancestral history and Puritan background.<br />He used many different writing techniques and themes but focused on the use of sin in his literature.<br />
  3. 3. The Scarlet Letter- Sin and Punishment<br />The Minister’s Black Veil- Secret Sin<br />The Marble Faun- Guilty Factor<br />Young Goodman Brown- Initiation into Sin<br />The Egotism- Omnipresence of Sin<br />Roger Malvin’s Burial- Concealed Sin<br />Themes of Sin:<br />
  4. 4. Unpardonable Sin<br />Most common in Hawthorne’s work.<br />“The separation of the intellect from the heart”<br />Hawthorne's belief that Unpardonable Sin is committed when one breaks away from the "magnetic chain of humanity.”<br />This is found throughout many characters in Hawthorne’s short stories.<br />
  5. 5. Characters:<br />
  6. 6. Has a child with the town Minister and is married to Roger Chillingworth.<br />Is punished for committing adultery, shunned before the town, and has to wear Scarlet Letter “A” on her chest forever.<br />Her appearance is not affected by sin but her mind is reminded by pearl and her soul feels shameful.<br />Hester Prynne<br />
  7. 7. Town Minister who fathered Hester Prynne’s child.<br />Suffers from sin most because he lives in secrecy.<br />Preaches about the sin he committed but will not admit.<br />Was tortured by the vindictive Chillingsworth and carved an “A” on his chest to cope with his sin.<br />Sin kills him because he suffered in his mind, body, and soul.<br />Arthur Dimmesdale<br />
  8. 8. Roger Chillingworth<br />Hester’s husband who was presumed dead but came in town to find his wife being shunned on a pedestal.<br />Never made it known that he was Hester’s husband so he could seek revenge.<br />Let vengeance and his sinful actions take over him and becomes marked as evil.<br />
  9. 9. Represents sin.<br />Daughter of Hester and Dimmesdale.<br />Hester’s painful penance of her adultery but beautiful joy of her life.<br />Pearl<br />
  10. 10. Minister in the Black Veil<br />Short story that is written with the theme sin.<br />Reverend Hooper decides to wear a black veil that covers his face the rest of his mortal life.<br />Town judges his evil look and believes he is hiding behind secret sin which he preached about.<br />Reader never knows if the minister is hiding behind sin or teaching the town a valuable lesson.<br />
  11. 11. Decided to wear a black veil that covered his entire face and does not give reason behind his actions.<br />The town believes he is hiding and assumes he is evil and becomes scared of him.<br />Suffers with loneliness because the town judged him and did not face their secret sin, instead, focused on his.<br />Reverend Hooper<br />
  12. 12. Young Goodman Brown<br />Focuses on the initiation into sin.<br />Shows that under a certain influence, there is sin and evil in everyone.<br />Uses symbolism to bring the devil into the community through the environment and people.<br />Purpose of this story was to show that everyone is capable of sin, but not everyone accepts sin.<br />
  13. 13. The Discovery of the omnipresence of sin. <br />Hawthorne uses symbols to show that the disease the man is diagnosed with is egotism, and he has a disease of the mind, in the body and sin.<br />Once a man is overcomes his serpent inside, and misery in sin, he is healed.<br />The Egotism<br />
  14. 14. The tortures of concealed sin.<br />He shows how sin left unredeemed can torment a person to the brink of insanity.<br />The sin committed was not leaving a man to die on his wishes, but not honoring his death in the woods.<br />Because of the guilt and sin kept inside, he suffers a life time and tragedy by killing his son.<br />Roger Malvin’s Burial<br />
  15. 15. Beneficial results of sin.<br />Compared to Adam and Eve and the sins in each character like The Scarlet Letter.<br />Love story that focuses on purity, hidden evil, and darkened circumstances.<br />The Marble Faun<br />
  16. 16. Summary of Sin<br />Much of his work focused on the theme of sin and was based in the Puritan time period.<br />Sin was the central focus of many stories, traits of many characters, and hidden twist behind endings.<br />
  17. 17. Works Cited<br />Fairbanks, Henry G. “Sin, Free Will, and ‘Pessimism’ in Hawthorne.” Modern Language <br /> Association. PMLA, Vol. 71, No. 5 (2010): 975-989. 10 July 2010. <br />Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "The Scarlet Letter." Anthology of American Literature. New York: <br /> Prentice Hall, 2003. 1028-1148. 16 June 2010.<br />Marks, Barry A. “The Origin of Original Sin in Hawthorne’s Fiction.” University of California Press. Nineteenth-Century Fiction, Vol. 14, No. 4 (2010):359-362. 11 July 2010.<br />McCullen, Joseph T., John C Guilds. “The Unpardonable Sin in Hawthorne: A Re –<br /> Examination.” University of California Press. Nineteenth-Century Fiction, Vol. 15, No. 3 (2010):221-237. 11 July 2010.<br />Miller, James E., Jr. “Hawthorne and Melville: The Unpardonable Sin.” Modern Language <br /> Association. PMLA, Vol. 70, No. 1 (2010):91-114. 11 July 2010.<br />Reuben, Paul. Perspectives in American Literature- Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864). Web. <br /> 10 July 2010.<br />Smith, Nicole. Article Myriad. “The Minister’s Black Veil” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. 2010. <br /> Web. 7 July 2010.<br />---. Article Myriad. "The Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne: The Effects of <br /> Sin on the Mind, Body, and Soul. 2010. Web. 16 June 2010. <br />Williams, Roger. “The Bloody Tenet of Persecution for the Cause of Conscience” 1643. Web <br /> 17 June 2010.<br />