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ST. MARY’S COLLEGE OF TAGUM, INC.
GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAM
National Highway, Magugpo East, Tagum City, 8100 Davao del Norte, Philippines
Email Address: graduateeducation@smctagum.edu.ph
Quality Transformative Ignacian Marian Education
S M C T I
Q T I M E
Faith • Excellence • Service
Name: CYCRIS U. MADINO Date: January 20, 2023
Course/Year: MAED 1 - GAC Instructor: Prof. Ronald P. Ramos, RGC
CASE STUDIES EXERCISES ON LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING
Counselor educators face many ethical dilemmas. The following cases/dilemmas have been
developed by referring to actual situations and ACA Code. Thus, if you were a counselor facing these
cases/dilemmas, what would be your course of action?
CASE 1 Sexually Active Teens
You are a school counselor, school psychologist, social worker, or licensed mental health therapist
employed by a (local school district, community agency). You are counseling a young woman who is 15
and sexually active. Should you notify her parents that their daughter is sexually active?
As a school counselor, school psychologist, social
worker, or licensed mental health therapist employed by
a (local school district, community agency). After
hearing information’s about what’s going on with the
young woman who is 15 years, a minor and sexually active.
I will surely call up her parent’s and I will be going
to ask some information about their family background. I
will ask some information about the child also and after
hearing those information’s, I will tell the parents
about the case of their daughter so that before they can
also guide her and direct her to the right path.
CASE 2 Confidential Testimony
You are a school counselor, school psychologist, social worker, school nurse, or mental health
therapist. You have been subpoenaed to provide testimony in a child custody case involving a thirteen-
year-old you are counseling. You are asked to disclose information that you consider confidential. What
do you do?
As a school counselor, school psychologist, social
worker, school nurse, or mental health therapist, I will
disclosed those information or testify as long as they
ST. MARY’S COLLEGE OF TAGUM, INC.
GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAM
National Highway, Magugpo East, Tagum City, 8100 Davao del Norte, Philippines
Email Address: graduateeducation@smctagum.edu.ph
Quality Transformative Ignacian Marian Education
S M C T I
Q T I M E
Faith • Excellence • Service
also have those legal and complete documents
that I needed in order for me to disclosed those
information to them and for my protection also.
CASE 3 Student Records/Case Notes
You have been seeing Stephen for individual counseling for three months. You have received a
request from Stephen’s mother for copies of all school records. His mother who is incarcerated in another
state has also asked for your case notes. Are you legally required to provide her with records? Must you
provide her with your case notes?
Yes! I will provide those information and case notes if
they also have a legal request letter. Although they are
the parent of the child, they should have the legal bases.
As a guidance counselor I will not easily provides that
information because from the start of our counseling with
the child we agreed that its between me and him.
CASE 4 Student-on-Student Sexual Harassment
Until sixth-grade, Sarah was a conscientious student consistently given high marks by teachers in
her work ethic. Sarah’s elementary academic life was not without struggle but her motivation allowed her
to maintain above average grades with an occasional “C”. However, the sixth-grade brought a marked
change in grades and attitude for Sarah. At first her teachers and parents attributed the change to “middle
-school adjustment” but when Sarah began to make health excuses to miss school, her parents called a
student service worker for help. During the parent initiated school counseling sessions, Sarah’s counselor
began to learn the truth of her first five months of sixth-grade. Sarah was a victim of sexual harassment.
Sarah was unusually well-developed for a 12-year-old and found herself the target of jokes and sexual
comments about her physical development. Changing classes was the worst time for Sarah as boys leered,
jeered, brushed up against her, and sometimes a hand would grope. Most recently, Sarah found herself
trapped against her locker by a group of boys who made lewd remarks to her and wouldn’t let her pass.
Their leader who frequently harassed Sarah, was a boy she recognized as having slid his hand up her
blouse while she was trying to negotiate a crowded hallway. Sarah shared her situation with her friends
who repeatedly advised her to ignore the perpetrators and not to make “a big deal about it.” To
complicate matters, Sarah told her counselor that she did not want her revelations repeated to anyone,
especially her parents, “They always tell me I am too loud and forward with boys and that my clothes are
too tight. If they learn about what these boys have been doing, they will just tell me ‘I told you so’ or ‘you
ST. MARY’S COLLEGE OF TAGUM, INC.
GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAM
National Highway, Magugpo East, Tagum City, 8100 Davao del Norte, Philippines
Email Address: graduateeducation@smctagum.edu.ph
Quality Transformative Ignacian Marian Education
S M C T I
Q T I M E
Faith • Excellence • Service
asked for it by dressing like that’.” Perplexed by the unwelcome attention and how to
respond to it, Sarah hinted that she may in some way be responsible for bringing the harassment on
herself and she wished she could just learn to ignore the attention or develop a sense of humor about it
all. Student service workers’ responsibilities. Student service workers are needed to develop and
implement intervention strategies and support students who are victims of sexual harassment but
difficult, legitimate legal and ethical questions must be considered. Sarah explained to her counselor that
her parents have always taken the position that she was “loose” and interpreted all contact with boys as
proof that their daughter was “wild and boy crazy” and “bound to end up pregnant.” Sarah said it was
impossible for her to involve her parents in her problems with harassment and pleaded with her counselor
not to contact them or to tell the administration who might in turn contact her parents. Below are five
major issues in the form of questions that Sarah’s school counselor may face. The questions are designed
to examine the complexities of protecting students’ confidentiality while adhering to the OCR guidelines
of Title IX legislation. • If Sarah reports sexual harassment to her school counselor and requests
confidentiality, what is the counselor’s legal and ethical obligation toward Sarah and to potential victims
C Must Sarah be identified by name in a report of the harassment? C What if Sarah continued to insist on
confidentiality with the full knowledge that without using her identity the investigation would be severely
hindered? C What happens now that the boy accused of running his hand up Sarah’s blouse, vehemently
denies the accusation and his parents demand full disclosure of the incident to include the name of the
accused so that they may answer the charges having all the facts? C Is this twelve-year-old able to make
decisions surrounding the sexual harassment in isolation of her parents? What is the counselor’s legal and
ethical responsibility to Sarah’s parents?
As a guidance counselor, my legal responsibility and
ethical responsibility to Sarah’s parents is to educate
them about Sarah’s experiencing in the school. I will ask
them to guide Sarah, follow-up her studies and most
specially value their child. I will suggest to them that
they should listen to Sarah and never judge their own
child. In this way maybe I can help Sarah gain back her
confidence in going back to school, with the help of her
parents.

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CASE STUDIES EXERCISES ON LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING-MADINO.docx

  • 1. ST. MARY’S COLLEGE OF TAGUM, INC. GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAM National Highway, Magugpo East, Tagum City, 8100 Davao del Norte, Philippines Email Address: graduateeducation@smctagum.edu.ph Quality Transformative Ignacian Marian Education S M C T I Q T I M E Faith • Excellence • Service Name: CYCRIS U. MADINO Date: January 20, 2023 Course/Year: MAED 1 - GAC Instructor: Prof. Ronald P. Ramos, RGC CASE STUDIES EXERCISES ON LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING Counselor educators face many ethical dilemmas. The following cases/dilemmas have been developed by referring to actual situations and ACA Code. Thus, if you were a counselor facing these cases/dilemmas, what would be your course of action? CASE 1 Sexually Active Teens You are a school counselor, school psychologist, social worker, or licensed mental health therapist employed by a (local school district, community agency). You are counseling a young woman who is 15 and sexually active. Should you notify her parents that their daughter is sexually active? As a school counselor, school psychologist, social worker, or licensed mental health therapist employed by a (local school district, community agency). After hearing information’s about what’s going on with the young woman who is 15 years, a minor and sexually active. I will surely call up her parent’s and I will be going to ask some information about their family background. I will ask some information about the child also and after hearing those information’s, I will tell the parents about the case of their daughter so that before they can also guide her and direct her to the right path. CASE 2 Confidential Testimony You are a school counselor, school psychologist, social worker, school nurse, or mental health therapist. You have been subpoenaed to provide testimony in a child custody case involving a thirteen- year-old you are counseling. You are asked to disclose information that you consider confidential. What do you do? As a school counselor, school psychologist, social worker, school nurse, or mental health therapist, I will disclosed those information or testify as long as they
  • 2. ST. MARY’S COLLEGE OF TAGUM, INC. GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAM National Highway, Magugpo East, Tagum City, 8100 Davao del Norte, Philippines Email Address: graduateeducation@smctagum.edu.ph Quality Transformative Ignacian Marian Education S M C T I Q T I M E Faith • Excellence • Service also have those legal and complete documents that I needed in order for me to disclosed those information to them and for my protection also. CASE 3 Student Records/Case Notes You have been seeing Stephen for individual counseling for three months. You have received a request from Stephen’s mother for copies of all school records. His mother who is incarcerated in another state has also asked for your case notes. Are you legally required to provide her with records? Must you provide her with your case notes? Yes! I will provide those information and case notes if they also have a legal request letter. Although they are the parent of the child, they should have the legal bases. As a guidance counselor I will not easily provides that information because from the start of our counseling with the child we agreed that its between me and him. CASE 4 Student-on-Student Sexual Harassment Until sixth-grade, Sarah was a conscientious student consistently given high marks by teachers in her work ethic. Sarah’s elementary academic life was not without struggle but her motivation allowed her to maintain above average grades with an occasional “C”. However, the sixth-grade brought a marked change in grades and attitude for Sarah. At first her teachers and parents attributed the change to “middle -school adjustment” but when Sarah began to make health excuses to miss school, her parents called a student service worker for help. During the parent initiated school counseling sessions, Sarah’s counselor began to learn the truth of her first five months of sixth-grade. Sarah was a victim of sexual harassment. Sarah was unusually well-developed for a 12-year-old and found herself the target of jokes and sexual comments about her physical development. Changing classes was the worst time for Sarah as boys leered, jeered, brushed up against her, and sometimes a hand would grope. Most recently, Sarah found herself trapped against her locker by a group of boys who made lewd remarks to her and wouldn’t let her pass. Their leader who frequently harassed Sarah, was a boy she recognized as having slid his hand up her blouse while she was trying to negotiate a crowded hallway. Sarah shared her situation with her friends who repeatedly advised her to ignore the perpetrators and not to make “a big deal about it.” To complicate matters, Sarah told her counselor that she did not want her revelations repeated to anyone, especially her parents, “They always tell me I am too loud and forward with boys and that my clothes are too tight. If they learn about what these boys have been doing, they will just tell me ‘I told you so’ or ‘you
  • 3. ST. MARY’S COLLEGE OF TAGUM, INC. GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAM National Highway, Magugpo East, Tagum City, 8100 Davao del Norte, Philippines Email Address: graduateeducation@smctagum.edu.ph Quality Transformative Ignacian Marian Education S M C T I Q T I M E Faith • Excellence • Service asked for it by dressing like that’.” Perplexed by the unwelcome attention and how to respond to it, Sarah hinted that she may in some way be responsible for bringing the harassment on herself and she wished she could just learn to ignore the attention or develop a sense of humor about it all. Student service workers’ responsibilities. Student service workers are needed to develop and implement intervention strategies and support students who are victims of sexual harassment but difficult, legitimate legal and ethical questions must be considered. Sarah explained to her counselor that her parents have always taken the position that she was “loose” and interpreted all contact with boys as proof that their daughter was “wild and boy crazy” and “bound to end up pregnant.” Sarah said it was impossible for her to involve her parents in her problems with harassment and pleaded with her counselor not to contact them or to tell the administration who might in turn contact her parents. Below are five major issues in the form of questions that Sarah’s school counselor may face. The questions are designed to examine the complexities of protecting students’ confidentiality while adhering to the OCR guidelines of Title IX legislation. • If Sarah reports sexual harassment to her school counselor and requests confidentiality, what is the counselor’s legal and ethical obligation toward Sarah and to potential victims C Must Sarah be identified by name in a report of the harassment? C What if Sarah continued to insist on confidentiality with the full knowledge that without using her identity the investigation would be severely hindered? C What happens now that the boy accused of running his hand up Sarah’s blouse, vehemently denies the accusation and his parents demand full disclosure of the incident to include the name of the accused so that they may answer the charges having all the facts? C Is this twelve-year-old able to make decisions surrounding the sexual harassment in isolation of her parents? What is the counselor’s legal and ethical responsibility to Sarah’s parents? As a guidance counselor, my legal responsibility and ethical responsibility to Sarah’s parents is to educate them about Sarah’s experiencing in the school. I will ask them to guide Sarah, follow-up her studies and most specially value their child. I will suggest to them that they should listen to Sarah and never judge their own child. In this way maybe I can help Sarah gain back her confidence in going back to school, with the help of her parents.