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Cyber Security Job Search and Recruiting

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Despite the fact that there is a shortage in thousands of cyber security jobs that go unfilled because of a lack of skills, many of them are unfilled because the employers and job seekers can't find each other.

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Cyber Security Job Search and Recruiting

  1. 1. It’s Not as Easy as You Think - Cyber Security Job Search & Recruiting We all navigate through transitions in our life, particularly when it comes to our careers. For many of us our career paths begin with some form of education and then progress with a variety of different roles and work experiences. How we grow and move from each of those roles ultimately puts us in job search mode at different points in our careers. Job search is not an easy task. It’s often referred to as a full-time job in itself. While a substantial time commitment is expected for recruiters and hiring managers tasked with finding the right candidate, the process is often extensive for job seekers too. Recruiting and job search are very involved and demanding functions. There are many different strategies to employ and various desired outcomes on both sides that require a deeper understanding of the process. Recently CyberSecJobs.com, assisted by The Diana Initiative and Mental Health Hackers, conducted a survey among information security and cyber security professionals and students in the community. The purpose of this survey was to better understand the challenges that job seekers face finding a job and to demonstrate that their challenges are not unusual.
  2. 2. When asked about career plans for the next year, Job seekers tend to want career paths rather than a mere job. Nearly half of the respondents want to change their current role, whether that be at their current company or somewhere new. They seek a path to reach their career goals, which often leads to a job search so they can grow professionally. The tools that job seekers use to search for a job become an important factor in meeting those career goals. 65% RESPONDENTS LOOKING FOR A JOB RIGHT NOW �ACTIVELY AND PASSIVELY� RESPONDENTS THAT THINK THEY KNOW HOW TO FIND A JOB 55% 65% of respondents reported they are looking for a job right now. It’s an exciting accomplishment to secure a job, but the process itself, not so much. It’s difficult and often time consuming, but it’s necessary to further our careers. It’s common for professionals to keep an eye out for potential opportunities. Sometimes new job prospects develop from networking. Or a recruiter reaches out because an online profile matches the skills they’re seeking. While the majority of respondents shared they were searching for a job, 30% noted they were looking passively. only 29% of respondents communicated they plan to stay with the same employer, in the same role.
  3. 3. While networking and social media were the top two reported methods for job search, many studies indicate referrals and job boards are the primary way that employers find candidates for job openings. Does this reverse order of search priority reflect a disconnect between how job seekers search for jobs and how employers and recruiters locate them? For job seekers and employers to find the right mutual fit, they first need to WAYS THAT JOB SEEKERS SEARCH FOR JOBS: 84%NETWORKING 60%REFERRALS 60%JOB BOARDS 79%SOCIAL MEDIA 84%NETWORKING 60%REFERRALS 60%JOB BOARDS 79%SOCIAL MEDIA TOP Four JOB SEARCH METHODS The most reported ways that job seekers search for jobs include networking, social media, referrals, and job boards. While many recruiters think they need some high end, new shiny technology to find good tech talent, 79% of job seekers reported the most common way they find jobs is by asking their friends. This was closely followed by looking into companies they already know about, and searching online job postings. find one another. This notion relates to CyberSecJobs.com’s previous cyber security community volunteering survey. A key takeaway from that report was that employers could recruit top talent by being active in the community - a place where they can reach those coveted prospects. As in many aspects of life, it’s all about being in the right place at the right time, and this holds true for job seekers and recruiters trying to find one another.
  4. 4. TOP 3 STRATEGIES USED TO FIND A JOB: 79%ASK FRIENDS 79%SEARCH COMPANIES THEY KNOW 78%SEARCH ONLINE JOB POSTINGS OP 3 STRATEGIES USED TO FIND A JOB: 79%ASK FRIENDS 79%SEARCH COMPANIES THEY KNOW 78%SEARCH ONLINE JOB POSTINGS There are infinite possibilities how someone might find out about a new job prospect. A friend or colleague might have an opening at their organization or have knowledge about other opportunities. They may check openings at a company that they’ve seen at professional events, and so on. But a common factor is networking—being available to meet those people that can lend a suggestion. Being active in the community builds their network and increases understanding of the industry, fueling a job seeker’s career path. While a friend might have a perfect opportunity to share, job search is ultimately an individual’s responsibility. If their network doesn’t have a timely lead to share, they need to be aware of the other ways to broaden the search. TOP 3 STRATEGIES USED TO FIND A JOB: 79%ASK FRIENDS 79%SEARCH COMPANIES THEY KNOW 78%SEARCH ONLINE JOB POSTINGS 65% RESPONDENTS LOOKING FOR A JOB RIGHT NOW �ACTIVELY AND PASSIVELY� RESPONDENTS HAT THINK THEY KNOW HOW TO IND A JOB 55% RESPONDENTS HAT HOLD NDUSTRY CERTIFICATIONS 65% When asked if they know how to find a job, 45% responded no. That’s a large number of cyber security job seekers unsure or at a loss for how to go about finding a job. 65% RESPONDENTS LOOKING FOR A JOB RIGHT NOW �ACTIVELY AND PASSIVELY� RESPONDENTS THAT THINK THEY KNOW HOW TO FIND A JOB 55% RESPONDENTS THAT HOLD INDUSTRY CERTIFICATIONS 65% Respondents that don’t know how to find a job 45%
  5. 5. Job seekers may work with direct-hire recruiters, headhunters or recruiters at staffing firms in their search. However, only about half of survey respondents said they knew the difference between these three groups. When polling those that understood the difference between these players in the recruiting world, 72% reported they prefer to work with direct-hire recruiters. Unfortunately, many direct-hire recruiters aren’t active in the security community, nor do they know how to communicate effectively with tech talent, bringing to light another challenge that job seekers and recruiters face as they attempt to find what they’re both looking for. RESPONDENTS PREFER TO WORK WITH: 72% DIRECT RECRUITERS 4% STAFFING FIRMS HEADHUNTERS24% RESPONDENTS PREFER TO WORK WITH: 72% DIRECT RECRUITERS 4% STAFFING FIRMS HEADHUNTERS24% NTS PREFER RK WITH: % DIRECT RECRUITERS STAFFING FIRMS HEADHUNTERS% This further instills the urgency for cyber security professionals and employers to connect in the community. CyberSecJobs.com’s previous survey found that networking through community volunteerism supports job search and also increases employer visibility. That serves as another touch point for employers and job seekers to build awareness of one another and increase successful job search and recruitment outcomes.
  6. 6. Effective networking and research is the solution to finding companies hiring for particular skill sets, as well as uncovering well-respected recruiters in the community. Again, we see that this concept of career mapping is a very important issue in the community too. Most professionals tend to move from job to job rather than having the support of their managers to map their career within their current company. Job seekers are invested in having a career path or some sort of progression, often requiring a move to another position or organization to help their career. These findings speak to the challenges that the community has with career mapping, and even furthermore how to search for and apply for jobs effectively. 65% RESPONDENTS LOOKING FOR A JOB RIGHT NOW �ACTIVELY AND PASSIVELY� RESPONDENTS THAT HOLD INDUSTRY CERTIFICATIONS 65% Another area where cyber security job seekers need guidance is certifications. 65% of respondents noted they hold certifications, with the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) certification being most common. While holding certifications such as CISSP, CEH, CISA, or PMP won’t guarantee a job, they’re often a requirement for the position. And they certainly won’t hurt the job seeker’s chances if they are not a requirement. As job seekers further their education and industry knowledge, this also leads to a better understanding of potential career paths. Professional development not only makes job seekers more desirable, but also helps to map career paths and determine long-term goals. TOP THREE AREAS THAT JOB SEEKERS HAVE TROUBLE: KNOWING WHICH COMPANIES HIRE FOR THEIR SKILL SET DETERMINING THE NEXT STEP IN THEIR CAREER HIRING! ? FINDING RECRUITERS TO WORK WITH TOP JOB SEARCH TROUBLE AREAS
  7. 7. Some career goals might incorporate an increased salary—something that many think is the biggest draw for tech talent. While the top reported motivator that draws job seekers to one company or another was compensation at 84%, a close second is a good working environment (80%) and company support of work/life balance (76%). It’s not surprising that compensation still prevails as a compelling motivator, especially considering the high cost of living and the long commutes encountered in most tech centers. The sheer number of hours that professionals commit to their livelihoods alone makes it clear why finding balance between work and personal life is increasingly important to job seekers. This sentiment goes hand in hand with the urgency to find a good working environment too. Discovering a work environment that provides support and comfort goes a long way. When combined with the other top motivators, it’s a recipe for longevity in employee retention and satisfaction. GOOD PAY/ COMPENSATION SUPPORT OF WORK LIFE BALANCE GOOD WORKING ENVIRONMENT 80% REASONS JOB SEEKERS ARE DRAWN TO A COMPANY: 76%WORK LIFE 84% GOOD PAY/ COMPENSATION SUPPORT OF WORK LIFE BALANCE GOOD WORKING ENVIRONMENT 80% REASONS JOB SEEKERS ARE DRAWN TO A COMPANY: 76%WORK LIFE 84%
  8. 8. THINGS COMPANIES CAN DO TO RECRUIT PROFESSIONALS: PROVIDE REMOTE WORK 70% MAKE THEIR RECRUITING PROCESS MORE TRANSPARENT 66% THINGS COMPANIES CAN DO TO RECRUIT PROFESSIONALS: PROVIDE REMOTE WORK 70% MAKE THEIR RECRUITING PROCESS MORE TRANSPARENT 66% THINGS COMPANIES CAN DO TO RECRUIT PROFESSIONALS: PROVIDE REMOTE WORK 70% MAKE THEIR RECRUITING PROCESS MORE TRANSPARENT 66% Remote work is a big request in the community. Look at social media to find tons of requests for remote work, as commutes and the cost of living in many of the high tech areas continue to rise. While remote work may not always be feasible involving high security work, it’s worth considering when possible. Recruiters and hiring managers will have a big motivator to offer in the recruiting process that might make the difference between bringing a first or second choice candidate onboard. Another top way to recruit tech talent is to be more transparent with the hiring process. As anyone familiar with the candidate experience knows, being clear about the hiring process and the steps that a job seeker goes through is a good practice. Most job seekers don’t understand an employer’s process. Having both recruiters and company sites clearly communicate the steps a candidate will encounter are proactive measures in the right direction.
  9. 9. It’s important that employers and job seekers alike recognize the challenges that clog the road on the way to successful employment opportunities. These hurdles can ultimately be overcome, but it requires shared understanding, strategizing, and navigating for both job seekers and recruiters. If you’re a job seeker, keep these thoughts in mind as you navigate your job search: Stay diligent and don’t be discouraged• if your search doesn’t pan out immediately. Instead evaluate, refine, and improve till you reach success. Every job search has its challenges Build your network and actively pursue• multiple avenues to find the best opportunities. Don’t stop networking when you find your next job. You never know when you’ll be on the hunt again, whether actively or just in passing. Stay prepared, and help others. Paying it forward is a very common theme within the community. Look for role models or mentors to• develop your own career map of where you want to go next, and how to build your career. Continue learning and developing both• hard and soft skills. Obtain certifications that are relevant to your career path and keep abreast of developments in your profession. But don’t ignore soft skills such as teamwork, leadership and communication, which are also critically important to a cyber security career. If you’re a recruiter or employer looking to improve your recruiting success, keep in mind the challenges that job seekers regularly face and consider these tips: Understand where tech talent searches• for jobs and make sure your positions are visible and accessible to them Communicate your support for work/• life balance and the positive work environment that you provide to attract top talent. Consider adding remote work when• possible to provide the best recruitment and retention strategies. Review your hiring and recruitment• process to ensure that it is transparent to increase overall recruitment. Work within your company to develop• career mapping opportunities for your employees, allowing them to continue challenging themselves within your organization. If you’re not a technical recruiter,• educate yourself on the basics of the positions you’re recruiting for so you can better communicate with the tech talent you’re trying to hire. JOB SEARCH IS DIFFICULT

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