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Mining & the South Australian Environment ●   Dan Monceaux     Documentary Filmmaker, Cuttlefish Country
Iron Ore from the MiddlebackRanges, SA
Iron Monarch, Middleback Ranges                     circa 1900
Iron Monarchtoday               <
Shipping from Whyalla in 1903  ●                     ...& 2007
Bottlenose DolphinGiant Australian Cuttlefish  Whyallas iconic marine life
World War II drives Whyallas industry
Whyalla Shipyards (1940 - 1978)
SANTOS & the Cooper Basin (Moomba)●   South Australia Northern Territory oil Search formed in 1954 to explore.●   Commerci...
SANTOS at Port Bonython (Whyalla)  ●   Oil was struck in the Cooper Basin in 1970  ●   Port Bonython was established in 19...
Port Bonython & the Environment●   1992 - Major oil spill in 1992 (300 tonnes)●   2008 - Hydrocarbons contamination in gro...
Olympic Dam - Copper & Uranium●   1975 struck massive body of copper, uranium, gold & silver●   Western Mining & BP Austra...
SA – The Uranium State●   Ore first discovered in early 1900s at Mount Painter & Radium Hill●   Radium was refined at Dry ...
Mount PainterOlympic Dam                    International customers
SAs Uranium Mining Legacies●   Radium Hill mine workers cancers attributed to poor underground    ventilation and tailings...
SAs Exploration Boom (on now)●   PACE Program - State Government subsidised drilling●   Drilling and seismic surveying is ...
Major mines in SA
Mineral Exploration Tenements
Petroleum Exploration Tenements
Sources & further reading:●   “Above & Below - SA Dept. of Mines & Energy 1944-1994”    Bernard ONeil, 1995●   “A Ribbon o...
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Mining & the South Australian Environment slideshare

  1. 1. Mining & the South Australian Environment ● Dan Monceaux Documentary Filmmaker, Cuttlefish Country
  2. 2. Iron Ore from the MiddlebackRanges, SA
  3. 3. Iron Monarch, Middleback Ranges circa 1900
  4. 4. Iron Monarchtoday <
  5. 5. Shipping from Whyalla in 1903 ● ...& 2007
  6. 6. Bottlenose DolphinGiant Australian Cuttlefish Whyallas iconic marine life
  7. 7. World War II drives Whyallas industry
  8. 8. Whyalla Shipyards (1940 - 1978)
  9. 9. SANTOS & the Cooper Basin (Moomba)● South Australia Northern Territory oil Search formed in 1954 to explore.● Commercial gas was struck in 1963● Moomba gas plant established in 1968● Pipelines to supply Adelaide, Sydney & soon Gladstone (for LNG)
  10. 10. SANTOS at Port Bonython (Whyalla) ● Oil was struck in the Cooper Basin in 1970 ● Port Bonython was established in 1982 for refinery & export ● Over 1000 shipments since creation... BUT...
  11. 11. Port Bonython & the Environment● 1992 - Major oil spill in 1992 (300 tonnes)● 2008 - Hydrocarbons contamination in groundwater identified● 2012 - Still no EPA prosecution for current problem
  12. 12. Olympic Dam - Copper & Uranium● 1975 struck massive body of copper, uranium, gold & silver● Western Mining & BP Australia joint venture, bought by BHP Billiton, June 2005
  13. 13. SA – The Uranium State● Ore first discovered in early 1900s at Mount Painter & Radium Hill● Radium was refined at Dry Creek, Adelaide (1920s, 30s)● Uranium production commenced for military purposes during WWII at UK and USAs request● Radium Hill mine established in 1954, with processing plant following at Port Pirie.● Exports from Port Pirie & Port Adelaide continue● 2000 – smaller mines Beverley, Honeymoon, Four Mile & others pending● SACOME supports possible nuclear power future for SA
  14. 14. Mount PainterOlympic Dam International customers
  15. 15. SAs Uranium Mining Legacies● Radium Hill mine workers cancers attributed to poor underground ventilation and tailings exposure● Port Pirie and Dry Creek processing plants forgotten until the 1980s, children played on and swam in radioactive tailings dams● Tailings ponds at Olympic Dam are a growing, open air radioactive waste repository● Myponga mine site, not fenced, sign-posted or remediated. Others?● Contamination of Japan from nuclear fuel, distributed by Fukushima Daiichi Reactors (March 2011)
  16. 16. SAs Exploration Boom (on now)● PACE Program - State Government subsidised drilling● Drilling and seismic surveying is widespread, land and sea● Miners now face water scarcity, power and infrastructure shortfalls● Lack of infrastructure makes business here expensive● Olympic Dam expansion was over-sold by politicians● Projects relying on Olympic Dam have suffered● New miners exposed to China Slowdown and global economics
  17. 17. Major mines in SA
  18. 18. Mineral Exploration Tenements
  19. 19. Petroleum Exploration Tenements
  20. 20. Sources & further reading:● “Above & Below - SA Dept. of Mines & Energy 1944-1994” Bernard ONeil, 1995● “A Ribbon of Steel – Whyalla Surges Ahead” Sue Scheiffers, 1985● “Mining in South Australia – A Pictorial History” J.F. Drexel, 1982● South Australian Resources Information Geoserver (SARIG) https://sarig.pir.sa.gov.au/Map● “Cuttlefish Country” documentary film, campaign & news website http://cuttlefishcountry.com●

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