Jazz is a type of African-American music that originated in the 20 century in
the Southern US as a combination of European harmony and forms with
African musical elements and has also incorporated elements of American
1890’s-1910’s Born of Jazz ; Ragtime
1930’s-1940’s Swing/Big Band
1960’s Free Jazz
1960’s-1980’s Fusion (Jazz/Rock)
1980’s-now Modern Jazz
Jazz comes out of the walls of restaurants and
nightclubs in New Orleans, Louisiana It’s an incredibly
popular destination in all countries. And they enjoy the
same success and high ratings. Later it began to play
on the boat.
Although jazz began in New
Orleans but this music has
experienced a real rise in early
1920, when trumpeter Louis
Armstrong left New Orleans to
create a revolutionary new music
in Chicago. Beginning soon after
this migration New Orleans jazz
artists in New York marked a
trend of constant movement of
jazz musicians from South to
Dixieland, which was developed in New
Orleans. The name is a reference to the "Old
South," specifically anything south of
the Mason-Dixon line.
The term Dixieland became widely used after
the advent of the first million-selling hit
records of Jass Band in 1917. Dixieland sound
is created when one instrument plays the
melody and the other instruments
improvise around that melody.
The swing era of the 1930s led to the end of
many Dixieland jazz musicians' careers. Only
a few musicians were able to keep popularity.
Swing music, or simply Swing,
is a style of music that
developed and became a
distinctive style by 1940. Swing
uses a strong rhythm section
of drums , instruments such as
trombones, saxophones and
clarinets, and swing time
rhythm. Swing bands usually
featured soloists who would
improvise on the melody over
Free jazz is an approach
to jazz music that was first
developed in the 1950s and
1960s. Free jazz musicians
attempted to change,
extend, or break down the
conventions of jazz.
Although today "free jazz" is
the used term, to describe
the loosely clear movement,
including energy music and
During its early and mid-60s ,
much free jazz was released
by well-known labels.
In the 70s the hybrid form of jazz-
rock fusion was developed by combining
jazz with rock rhythms, electric
instruments and the highly amplified
stage sound of rock musicians such as Jimi
Hendrix. All Music Guide states that "until
around 1967, the worlds of jazz and rock
were nearly completely separate. As rock
became more creative and its
musicianship improved, and as some in
the jazz world became bored so the two
different idioms began to trade ideas and
occasionally combine forces.
The term is derived from French : discothèque
Disco is a genre of music that mix elements of funk and soul music
that peaked popularity in the 70’s .
It was also a reaction against both the domination of rock music and
the encouragement of dance music by the counterculture during this
Well-known disco performers were ABBA, Donna Summer, and The Bee
Gees . Summer became the most popular disco artist and gained the
title "The Queen of Disco"
Many non-disco artists recorded disco songs at the height of disco's
popularity, and films such as Saturday Night Fever and Thank God It's
Friday . A disco revival was seen in 2013, as disco-styled songs by artists
like Daft Punk , JustinTimberlake, Bruno Mars and RobinThicke
Disco's popularity led many non-disco artists to record disco songs.
Rock group Pink Floyd, when creating their rock opera the wall ,
Even heavy metal music group Kiss jumped in with "I Was Made For
Disco affected Europe By far the
most successful was ABBA. This
Swedish quartet—with such hits
as, "Fernando" , and "Dancing
Queen" (1976)—ranks as
the eighth best-selling act of all
In France, big hits were released
by Dalia: " j’attendrai " and " gigi in
paradisco" and Claude François
who re-invented himself as the
king of French disco, released "La
plus belle chose du monde", and
By the late 1970s, a strong anti-disco sentiment developed among rock fans and
musicians, particularly in the United States. The slogans "disco sucks" and "death to
disco" became common. July 12, 1979 became known as "the day disco died“
But In 2013, several 1970s-style disco and R&B songs charted : The biggest disco hit
of the year as of June was "Get Lucky" by Daft Punk, ft Nile Rodgers on guitar, the
song ended up peaking at number 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart behind another
major disco-styled song, Robin Thicke s "Blurred Lines", which spent twelve weeks
at number 1 on the Hot 100.
Blues is a musical form and genre that originated in African-
American communities in the US around the end of the 19th century It’s
possesses characteristics such as lyrics, bass lines, and instruments.
WW2 marked the opening of blues music to a wider audience,
especially white listeners.
One alternative explanation for the origin of the "blues", which was
used by many West African cultures in death ceremonies where all the
dead’s clothes would have been dyed blue to indicate suffering.
Its inventors were slaves. They sang as they
toiled in the cotton and vegetable fields.
The blues grew up in the Mississippi , the
birthplace of jazz. Blues and jazz have always
influenced each other, and they still interact
A decade later the blues gave birth to RnB and
rock 'n roll.
When the country blues moved to the cities and
other locales, it took on various regional
characteristics. Hence the St. Louis blues, the
Memphis blues, the Louisiana blues, Chicago
The Great Migration is evolution from country to
urban blues, that began in the 1920s.The new
migrants constituted a new market for the music
industry. This rapidly evolving market was
mirrored by the Billboard RnB Chart.
After World War II and in the 1950s, new styles of
electric blues music became popular in cities. It
have used electric guitars, double bass , drums,
and harmonica , playing through a microphone
and or a guitar amplifier became more popular
In the 1950s, blues had a huge influence on
mainstream American popular music. Many
musicians departed from the sad aspect of blues
and started to play rock music.
When Blues died Newport Folk Festival brought traditional blues to a new audience, to
White audiences' interest in the blues during the 1960s increased due to the British blues
movement when bands such as The Rolling Stones andTheYardbirds performed classic
blues songs f. Many of Led Zeppelin’s earlier hits were renditions of traditional blues
Jimi Hendrix, was a rarity in his field at the time: a black man who played rock. Hendrix
was a skilled guitarist,Through these artists and others, blues music influenced the
development of rock music.
Blues music started to be broadly popularized within the 1970s by the cover versions
performed by Eric Clapton of "After Midnight" and "Cocaine".
Blues has been accused of being the "devil's music" and of
inciting violence and other poor behavior. In the early 20th
century, the blues was considered scandalous, especially
as white audiences began listening to it during the 1920s.
Perhaps the most visible example of the blues style of
music in the late 20th century came in 1980, when The
Blues Brothers was released. The film drew many of the
biggest living influencers of the RnB , such as Ray
Charles, and Aretha Franklin . The band formed also
began a successful tour under the Blues Brothers marquee.
1998 brought a sequel, Blues Brothers 2000 that, featured
a much larger number of blues artists, such as B.B. King
and Eric Clapton
Is a type of music that originated as "rock and roll" in the US in the 1950s,
and spread quickly around the world
Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar with bass
guitar and drums.
Unlike many earlier styles , rock lyrics have dealt with a wide range of
themes in addition to romantic love: including rebellion , social fears
and life styles.
By the end of 1962, the British rock scene had started with beat
groups like The Beatles, from Liverpool and from London like The
Rolling Stones ,Led Zeppelin and Queen.
"I Want to Hold Your Hand" was the Beatles' first number 1 hit on
the Billboard Hot 100, spending 7 weeks at the top and a total of 15 weeks
on the chart. Their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show on 9 February
1964, (American television program) is often considered as the birth of
Beatlemania. The Beatles went on to become the biggest selling rock band
of all time and they were followed by numerous British bands. The British
Invasion helped internationalize the production of rock and roll.
The second wave of British bands drew their inspiration more directly from
American blues, including the Rolling Stones. the release of Blues Breakers with Eric
Clapton , considered one of the best British blues recordings and the sound of which
was much emulated in both Britain and the United States. The Yardbirds’ guitarist
was Jimmy Page, went on to form Led Zeppelin. Many of the songs on their first
three albums, and later in their careers, were expansions on blues songs.
From the late 1960s it became common to divide
mainstream rock music into soft and hard rock: Soft
rock was using acoustic instruments and putting
more emphasis on melody and harmonies. The most
famous artist was Billy Joel
Hard rock emphasized the electric guitar, both as a
rhythm instrument using simple repetitive riffs and as
a solo lead instrument, Hard rock-influenced bands
that enjoyed international success
like Aerosmith andAC/DC
From the late 1960s the term heavy
metal began to be used to describe some
hard rock played with even more volume
By 1970 three key British bands had
developed the characteristic of sounds :
Led Zeppelin added elements of fantasy
to their riff laden blues-rock,
Deep Purple brought in symphonic and
medieval interests from their progressive
Black Sabbath introduced facets of
the gothic and modal harmony helping
to produce a "darker" sound.
The developing genre came to be known as
"grunge", a term descriptive of the dirty sound of the
music and the untidy appearance of most musicians,
who rebelled against the images of other artists.
Grunge fused elements of heavy metal into a single
sound, The lyrics were typically apathetic although it
was also known for its dark humor and parodies of
However, grunge remained largely a local
phenomenon until 1991, when Nirvana‘s Nevermind
became a huge success .During 1991 and 1992, other
grunge artist such as Pearl Jam and Alice in Chains
albums became among the 100 top-selling
albums. However, with the death of Kurt Cobain,
touring problems for Pearl Jam and the departure of
Alice in Chains' lead singer grunge began to decline.
When an international rock culture developed, it
supplanted cinema as the major sources of fashion influence.
Rock fashions have been seen as combining elements of different
cultures and periods, Rock has also been associated with various
forms of drug use, including cannabis, cocaine and heroin.
Rock music has been associated with rebellion against social and
political norms, it can also be seen as meaning of commercial
exploitation of such ideas and of diverting youth away from