Deploying and utilizing statewide private cloud lessons learned


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Transforming the data center to a virtualized and private cloud environment is one of the biggest trends in IT today. However, while the move to cloud-based data addresses some security concerns, it is also causing an architecture evolution in which new security risks are emerging. We’ll look at the move to virtualize data centers, with an eye to identifying and addressing the new types of security concerns that come with this trend.

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Deploying and utilizing statewide private cloud lessons learned

  1. 1. Deploying and Utilizing aStatewide Private CloudDr. Curtis A. Carver Jr.Vice Chancellor and CIOJohn ScovilleChief Technology OfficerBoard of Regents of the University System of Georgia
  2. 2. Agenda• ITS Overview• Example of a PeachNet Service• Clouds• PeachNet Technical Rundown• Questions, Comments, a Conversation
  3. 3. 3,300 mile Private CloudVirtual LibrarySoftware StoreEnterprise Security and ePrivacyDistance Education Learning ManagementEnterprise Financials Enterprise BILibrary OperationsStudent InformationCollaboration
  4. 4. Why a Educational Private Cloud?• Cost– Work as a system– Negotiate as a system• Agility– No contracts and thus 15 minute response.– No set bandwidth, storage, data center, backup.– Particularly pertinent to rural institutions andresearch institutions.PrivateCloudServicesCampusControlSystemControlShadowITControl
  5. 5. PeachNet Service ExampleDesire2Learn– Deployed as Software as a Service to 30/31 institutions.– 100% system availability since launch in May 2012.– 34 million hits a day.Projected to be 50 million in September.– 15,000 concurrent sessions pretty much 7 days a week, 24hours a day.
  6. 6. PeachNetGeorgia’s Private Cloud providing:• Bandwidth as a service• Storage as a Service• Backup as a Service• Virtual Data Centers as a Service• Used by:– 31/31 USG institutions,– 7/28 TCSG institutions,– Potentially all DOE schools
  7. 7. Cloud computing is all the rage. "Its become the phrase du jour," says Gartnersenior analyst Ben Pring, echoing many of his peers. The problem is that (aswith Web 2.0) everyone seems to have a different definition.As a metaphor for the Internet, "the cloud" is a familiar cliché, but whencombined with "computing," the meaning gets bigger and fuzzier. Someanalysts and vendors define cloud computing narrowly as an updated versionof utility computing: basically virtual servers available over the Internet.Others go very broad, arguing anything you consume outside the firewall is"in the cloud," including conventional outsourcing.What Cloud Computing Really MeansEric Knorr & Galen Gruman, InfoWorld 2011What is the Cloud?
  8. 8. Cloud computing is a marketing term for technologies that providecomputation, software, data access, and storage services that do not requireend-user knowledge of the physical location and configuration of the systemthat delivers the services.Also, it’s delivery model for IT services is based on Internet protocols.Wikipedia 2011What is the Cloud?
  9. 9. • Software as a Service (SaaS). Quite simply, SaaS is a software applicationhosted in a central location and delivered via a web browser or other thinclient.• Platform as a Service (PaaS). PaaS is a software-development platformthat is stored in the cloud and can be accessed via a web browser. It makesa variety of programming languages, operating systems, and toolsavailable to developers, saving them the cost of purchasing and installingeverything themselves.• Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). The capability provided the consumer isto provision processing, storage, networks, and other fundamentalcomputing resources where the consumer is able to deploy and runarbitrary software, which can include operating systems and applications.Service Models
  10. 10. PeachNet Cloud Storage ServiceThe cloud-based storage service is based on EMC Atmos, and is similar to Amazons cloud-based storageservice, S3. The native interface is a REST-based (http) API, but there are also a number of other accessmethods that you can use (including appliances that you can purchase) that are designed to write data toAtmos. The service is designed for large, typically archive dataset.ADVANTAGESSolution for implementation of NSF mandated Data Management PlansExport control over privacy from a trusted communityScalable flexibility based on your growthFully replicated, redundant, high availability storageMultiple access methods (CIFS/NFS/IFS/Web2.0/Sync & Share)No additional network or bandwidth charges
  11. 11. PeachNet Backup ServiceGetting data offsite as part of a data protection plan has been difficult in the past. Plans that lookgood on paper are often too difficult and cost-prohibitive to implement.The backup service is based on EMCs Avamar system, which offers source-based de-duplication. Butthe idea is the same as with traditional systems: You install a backup agent on each host that you wishto backup, and backups are streamed to our backup systems here in Athens. You can login to thebackup management system and control various aspects of your backups including the ability toperform self-service restores.The price is $.30 / GB / retention-copy / year. For example, if you had 10TB of source data with 5days of retention (50TB total), the price would be $15,000 annually. However, once you get above100TB total, we have volume discounts ranging from 25% to over 60%.
  12. 12. PeachNet Data Center ServiceThe Virtual Data Center service provides you with virtual machines that you manage (includingconsole access, the ability to install operating systems, etc.). It also includes a private firewall thatyou can use to control access to and from your virtual machines.The annual cost of the service is calculated as follows:• System Administration Personal Services $3,450.00 per Customer• Virtual Machines $ 115.00 per Virtual Machine• Server and related infrastructure* $ 49.00 per GB RAM• Storage $ 1.25 per GB storage*Note: Server and related infrastructure covers the cost of physical servers, per-server softwarelicensing, and other data center infrastructure. It is charged based on GB RAM, which is a keyindicator of total infrastructure usage.
  13. 13. SummaryThe University System of Georgia provides aprivate cloud environment called PeachNet toempower the inspiration and education of thefuture leaders of Georgia and the world.
  14. 14. Questions, Comments,a Conversation?