Argentina, the second greatest country in the world, is
located in the southern part of South America. Second to South
America in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from
the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes
peaks. Argentina is also bordered by Bolivia and Parguay on
the north, and by Urugauay and Brazil on the east.
The main climates in Argetina are four: warm, moderate,
arid, and cold. Among the warm climates are the suptropical
with no dry seasons. The tropical one has a dry season.
Along the edge bordering the suptropical climate is the
moderate variety with no winter season. The moderate climate,
with an ocean influence, brings moderate temp.
The arid-windy climates are charcterised by its low temp.,
with scanty rainfall and, in winter, strong snow winds.
Oceanic cold climate is misty and cold most of the year and
storms are frequent.
The indigenous vegetation of Argentina varies greatly with
the different climate and regions of the country. The warm and
moist northeastern area supports tropical plants, including such
trees as the palm, rosewood, lignum vitae, jacaranda, and red
quebracho. The chief types of vegetation are herbs, shrubs,
grasses, and brambles.
1516- Juan Diaz de Solios became first European to enter Argentinga
in search of gold. Many of the indienouns population of Argentina were
killed by the diseases brought over by the Europeans.
1580- Buenos Aires was established.
1680- The Portugese made a trading post across Buenos Aires.
1776- Spain ecompassed all of its territores to create one large colony
1810- Overthrow of the king of Spain by Napolean.
1812- Jose de San Martin led the Argentina fight against Spain for its
1816- Officially declared indpendence
1853- Argentina established a republic goverment
1859- Buenos Aires refused to become part of Argentina and set up
thier own independant state, later got counquered by General
1943- Juan Pernon rose to power.
1945- Juan Pernon and Eva Marie Duarte married.
1952- Juan pernon was elected president and his wife was first lady.
1952- Eva died of cancer.
1956- Constitution of 1853 was restored.
1973- Pernon married again to Isabel Martinez.
1974- Juan Pernon was reelected president.
1974- Pernon died and his new wife became president.
1976- Isabel was deposed by a military coup and exiled.
1982- The Falklands War was started with the United Kingdom.
1982- Argentina surrendered.
Argetinas economy has traditionally been based on
agriculture over the years, but the industrial and service
sectors have also bloomed in importance over recent years.
Livestock and grains have long been the support of Argentina's
* Argentina is the world's largest source of tannin and linseed
The culture of Argentina is The Conquistadors who came
varied. Modern Agriculture from Spain introduced
has largely been influenced Christianity in the 16th
by European immigration. century. During the centuries
Buenos Aires and other cities that follow, millions of Roman
show a mixture of Catholics from Spain and Italy
architectural styles imported form a strong church in
* Almost 90% of Argentineans
are Roman Catholic.
Argentina is mostly known for Beef is the national dish of
the tango, which developed in Argentina. There are huge
Buenos Aires. Folk, pop, and cattle ranches in Argentina,
classical music are also and the gaucho, or Argentine
popular. cowboy, is a well-known
symbol. Many dishes contain
meat, but are prepared in
different ways. A favorite
main course is parrillada, a
mixed grill of steak and other
cuts of beef.