Basic Spanish | Lesson 3 | Personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, they and more!)

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culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson will teach you some important personal pronouns in Spanish (such as I, we, you, he, she, they etc.) that will act as a building block for conversations. To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 3 | Personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, they and more!)

  1. 1. You (formal, sing.) Usted Lesson 3 | Personal pronouns
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 3 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. English Spanish Hello/ Hi! ¡Hola! Good morning! ¡Buenos días! Good afternoon!/evening! ¡Buenas tardes! Good night! ¡Buenas noches! Revision
  4. 4. English Spanish Welcome Bienvenido(s)/Bienvenida(s) Sorry Lo siento Excuse me (begging pardon) Perdón Excuse me! (seeking attention) ¡Discúlpeme! Please Por favor Bye! ¡Adiós! Thank you Gracias Fine, thank you Bien, gracias You're welcome De nada Nice to meet you Mucho gusto Revision
  5. 5. For learning useful and interesting conversations in Spanish, it is essential that we learn some basics which will help us with conversations in future... What's in store today?
  6. 6. 1 Personal pronouns and their usage Lesson objectives
  7. 7. Today we will look at personal pronouns (like I, she, he, you etc.) and their forms in Spanish – these would act as a foundation for us to move on to conversational lessons Let's start with ‘I’ and its plural form ‘We’ Personal pronouns
  8. 8. Singular (I) Plural (We) I/ We Yo Nosotros/as Personal pronouns
  9. 9. Pronunciation tip The 'y' in 'Yo' is pronounced like the English 'y' in some areas, sounding just as it would in English, while in others, it takes up the sound of the English letter 'j'
  10. 10. You Singular Plural Informal Tú Vosotros/as Formal Usted Ustedes Personal pronouns
  11. 11. In Spain and Argentina, the informal forms tú or vosotros/as are used more often instead of the formal forms like usted Although the formal forms are commonly used in Latin America Culturally speaking
  12. 12. Usually, the singular informal tú is used when speaking with family members, children, friends or close acquaintances While usted is used otherwise Culturally speaking : When to use Tú
  13. 13. If you're uncertain which one to use, it is usually better to use usted, unless the other person starts speaking to you using tú, in which case it is usually OK to reciprocate ¿Le puedo tutear? (Can I address informally with tú?) is often used to seek permission to start using tú Culturally speaking : When to use Tú
  14. 14. You Singular Plural Informal Tú Vosotros/as Formal Usted Ustedes So do you remember?
  15. 15. Singular Plural He/ They (male/mixed) Él Ellos She/ They (female) Ella Ellas Personal pronouns
  16. 16. Did you notice the pronunciation of 'Ella'? In Spanish 'll' takes up the sound of 'y' in some areas and a soft 'j' in others So you'll hear both 'e-yah' and 'e-jah' Pronunciation tip
  17. 17. Noun Ana Correct pronoun Ella (She) Review: Which pronoun would you use?
  18. 18. Noun Ana y Luis (Ana and Luis) Correct Pronoun Ellos (Them, mixed group) Review: Which pronoun would you use?
  19. 19. Did you notice the letter 'y' in Ana y Luis 'y' = and 'y' is pronounced same as the sound of the letter ‘e’ in English Grammar tip
  20. 20. Noun José, Luis y Mark (José, Luis and Mark) Correct pronoun Ellos (Them, male group) Review: Which pronoun would you use?
  21. 21. José is pronounced as 'H-osay' with a stress on ‘e’ (as it is accented) almost sounding like the the 'ei' in eight The letter 'J' sounds like 'H' in Spanish Pronunciation tip
  22. 22. Noun Ana y María (Ana and María) Correct pronoun Ellas (Them, girls group) Review: Which pronoun would you use?
  23. 23. Noun María y tú (María and You (inf.)) Correct pronoun Vosotras/os (You, pl., informal) Review: Which pronoun would you use?
  24. 24. María y tú -> Vosotras/os We put the right option as 'vosotras' or 'vosotros' because 'tú' is informal Use of 'vosotros' or 'vosotras' will depend on the gender of the group If it is all females we will use 'vosotras', otherwise we will use 'vosotros' Did you notice?
  25. 25. Noun María y usted (María and You(for.)) Correct pronoun Ustedes (You, formal) Review: Which pronoun would you use?
  26. 26. María y usted as a group would be treated formally because 'usted' is formal Hence they are together referred to as 'Ustedes' So remember!
  27. 27. Let's revise! Noun (assume all males) Spanish Pronoun José Él José y yo Nosotros José y Carlos Ellos José, Carlos y yo Nosotros Carlos y tú Vosotros Carlos y usted Ustedes
  28. 28. Singular (I) Plural (We) I/ We Yo Nosotros/as Revision
  29. 29. You Singular Plural Informal Tú Vosotros/as Formal Usted Ustedes Revision
  30. 30. Singular Plural He/ They (male/mixed) Él Ellos She/ They (female) Ella Ellas Revision
  31. 31. False friends, falsos amigos, are words which look or sound similar in two different languages but actually mean something else Culture leaf
  32. 32. For example, if you’re embarrassed, you may feel tempted to say embarazado (man) or embarazada (woman) because they sound so similar to the word 'embarrassed'... However, that actually means I’m pregnant, which in the case of a man especially would make you an instant scientific wonder!! ☺ The right phrase to say is me da vergüenza Culture leaf
  33. 33. In the next lesson we cover the most important building block for moving to conversations : the To-be verb along with examples for its usage Just a step away from starting to talk like you were Spanish! What’s next?
  34. 34. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino Martín, Carmen Alcalde Aramburu and Maria J Bellido Voice over Jorge Garcia Rey Credits
  35. 35. See you at the Alley!
  36. 36. Lesson 3 | Personal pronouns

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