Basic Spanish | Lesson 6 | Forms of regular verbs (conjugation) - Use the right verb!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 6 | Forms of regular verbs (conjugation) - Use the right verb!

  1. 1. To walk Caminar Lesson 6 | Forms of regular verbs I walk Yo camino
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 6 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. I am Yo soy We are Nosotros somos You are Tú eres You are (plural) Vosotros sois You are (formal) Usted es You are (plural, formal) Ustedes son He / She is Él / Ella es They are Ellos / Ellas son Revision : Forms of Ser
  4. 4. English Spanish What? ¿Qué? Which? ¿Cuál? Revision : Interrogations
  5. 5. Revision English Spanish Tip I am Mark Yo soy Mark Can also omit pronoun What is your name? ¿Cuál es tu nombre? My name is Lisa Mi nombre es Lisa I am a boy Soy chico I am a student Soy un/una estudiante I'm from Chicago Yo soy de Chicago Can also omit pronoun
  6. 6. 1 Forms of regular verbs Lesson objectives
  7. 7. Lisa : Hello! What is your name? Mark : Hello! My name is Mark, and you? Lisa : I am Lisa Lisa : Where do you study? Mark : I study in America Mark : Where do you work? Lisa : I work at the hospital Today’s conversation
  8. 8. For us to complete this conversation, we will need to understand the forms of verbs in Spanish and how they change their form depending on the subject Today’s conversation
  9. 9. Types of verbs In Spanish, we classify verbs in 4 groups: Regular verbs ending in 'ar' Regular verbs ending in 'er’ Regular verbs ending in 'ir’ Irregular verbs
  10. 10. Just like in English, where verbs change forms depending on the subject (I eat, she eats etc.); verbs change forms in Spanish as well However, the forms of verbs in Spanish have many more variations Verbs and their forms
  11. 11. In this lesson, we will look at the variations of verbs ending in ‘ar’ You don't need to memorize each verb at this point in time, but it is important to understand how verbs change forms Verbs and their forms
  12. 12. Common regular verbs with 'ar' ending English Spanish To walk Caminar To study Estudiar To teach Enseñar To work Trabajar To ask Preguntar To take Tomar To answer Contestar
  13. 13. The 'j' in 'trabajar' takes up the sound of 'h' Pronunciation tip
  14. 14. 1 2 3 To study Pick the right option Estudiar Trabajar Tomar
  15. 15. 1 2 3 Solution To study Estudiar Trabajar Tomar
  16. 16. 1 2 3 To take Pick the right option Caminar Trabajar Tomar
  17. 17. 1 2 3 Solution To take Caminar Trabajar Tomar
  18. 18. 1 2 3 To work Pick the right option Trabajar Contestar Enseñar
  19. 19. 1 2 3 Solution To work Trabajar Contestar Enseñar
  20. 20. 1 2 3 To ask Pick the right option Preguntar Contestar Enseñar
  21. 21. 1 2 3 Solution To ask Preguntar Contestar Enseñar
  22. 22. So remember! English Spanish To walk Caminar To study Estudiar To teach Enseñar To work Trabajar To ask Preguntar To take Tomar To answer Contestar
  23. 23. Alright, now let's learn how to use such verbs in conversations by learning the different forms they take... Moving on...
  24. 24. To start using these verbs in conversations, we will need to understand the forms they take depending on the subject Let’s take an example To walk = Camin-ar Forms of verbs ending in ‘ar’
  25. 25. Forms of regular verbs with 'ar' ending Eg: To walk = Camin-ar Personal pronoun Forms of Caminar Yo (I) Camino Nosotros (We) Caminamos Tú (You) Caminas Vosotros (You, plural) Camináis Usted (You, formal) Camina Ustedes (You, formal, pl) Caminan Él/Ella (He/ She) Camina Ellos/Ellas (They) Caminan
  26. 26. This might look overwhelming at first, but ultimately you will find this simple and it will help you get the right base for all your conversational needs Too many forms?
  27. 27. If you notice, the forms of 2nd person (formal) and 3rd person are exactly the same! Some tricks – forms of verbs ending in ‘ar’ Personal pronoun Form Usted (You, formal) -a Ustedes (You, formal, pl) -an Él/Ella (He/ She) -a Ellos/Ellas (They) -an
  28. 28. Again...forms of regular verbs with 'ar' ending Eg: To walk = Camin-ar Personal pronoun Forms of Caminar I walk Yo camino We walk Nosotros caminamos You walk Tú caminas You (pl.) walk Vosotros camináis You (formal) walk Usted camina You (pl. formal) walk Ustedes caminan He / She walks Él/Ella camina They walk Ellos/Ellas caminan
  29. 29. So let's revise...Forms of regular verbs ending in ‘ar’ Personal pronoun Verb ending in -ar Form Yo (I) -ar -o Nosotros (We) -amos Tú (You) -as Vosotros (You, plural) -áis Usted (You, formal) -a Ustedes (You, formal, pl) -an Él/Ella (He/ She) -a Ellos/Ellas (They) -an
  30. 30. I study (Hint : To study = Estudiar) Try yourself
  31. 31. I study Yo estudio Solution
  32. 32. You study (informal,sing.) (Hint : To study = Estudiar) Try yourself
  33. 33. You study (informal, sing.) Tú estudias Solution
  34. 34. You study (formal, sing.) (Hint : To study = Estudiar) Try yourself
  35. 35. You study (formal, sing.) Usted estudia Solution
  36. 36. I travel (Hint : To travel = Viajar) Try yourself
  37. 37. I travel Yo viajo Solution
  38. 38. I work (Hint : To work = Trabajar) Try yourself
  39. 39. I work Yo trabajo Solution
  40. 40. 1 2 3 She dances (Hint : Dance = Bailar) Pick the right option Ella baila Él baila Ella bailo
  41. 41. 1 2 3 Solution She dances (Hint : Dance = Bailar) Ella baila Él baila Ella bailo
  42. 42. 1 2 3 They visit Columbia (Hint : Visit = Visitar) Pick the right option Ustedes visitan Columbia Usted visita Columbia Ellos visitan Columbia
  43. 43. 1 2 3 They visit Columbia (Hint : Visit = Visitar) Solution Ustedes visitan Columbia Usted visita Columbia Ellos visitan Columbia
  44. 44. Lisa : Hello! What is your name? Mark : Hello! My name is Mark, and you? Lisa : I am Lisa Lisa : Where do you study? Mark : I study in America Mark : Where do you work? Lisa : I work at the hospital Today’s conversation
  45. 45. English Spanish Where? ¿Dónde? To where? ¿A dónde? Interrogation ‘Where?’
  46. 46. English Spanish at en in en the (with masculine subjects) el New words in the conversation
  47. 47. In Spanish, articles like 'a', 'the' and 'an' change forms depending on the gender of the subject We will look at their forms in future lessons Grammar tip
  48. 48. Let's break our conversation down and learn it step by step Today's conversation
  49. 49. Today’s conversation English Spanish Lisa Hello! What is your name? ¡Hola! ¿Cuál es tu nombre? Mark Hello! My name is Mark, and you? ¡Hola! Mi nombre es Mark, ¿y tú?
  50. 50. ‘y’ is used for ‘and’ Did you notice? English Spanish Mark Hello! My name is Mark, and you? ¡Hola! Mi nombre es Mark, ¿y tú?
  51. 51. Today’s conversation English Spanish Lisa I am Lisa Yo soy Lisa
  52. 52. Today’s conversation English Spanish Lisa Where do you study? ¿Dónde estudias? Mark I study in America Yo estudio en América
  53. 53. ‘estudias’ is the right form of ‘estudi-ar’ with 2nd person (you, informal) ‘estudio’ is the form of ‘estudi-ar’ with 1st person (I) Did you notice? English Spanish Lisa Where do you study? ¿Dónde estudias? Mark I study in America Yo estudio en América
  54. 54. Today’s conversation English Spanish Mark Where do you work? ¿Dónde trabajas? Lisa I work at the hospital Yo trabajo en el hospital
  55. 55. ‘trabajas’ is the right form of ‘trabaj-ar’ with 2nd person (you, informal) ‘trabajo’ is the form of ‘trabaj-ar’ with 1st person (I) Did you notice? English Spanish Mark Where do you work? ¿Dónde trabajas? Lisa I work at the hospital Yo trabajo en el hospital
  56. 56. 'the hospital' = 'el hospital' as 'hospital' is considered masculine Did you notice? English Spanish Lisa I work at the hospital Yo trabajo en el hospital
  57. 57. So here's what we learnt today! English Spanish Lisa Hello! What is your name? ¡Hola! ¿Cuál es tu nombre? Mark Hello! My name is Mark, and you? ¡Hola! Mi nombre es Mark, ¿y tú? Lisa I am Lisa Yo soy Lisa Lisa Where do you study? ¿Dónde estudias? Mark I study in America Yo estudio en América Mark Where do you work? ¿Dónde trabajas? Lisa I work at the hospital Yo trabajo en el hospital
  58. 58. Culture leaf
  59. 59. In formal contexts, gifts are not typically exchanged at initial business meetings, usually gifts are given only at the conclusion of successful negotiations Culture leaf - Gifting culture in Spain
  60. 60. If you are invited to a Spaniard's house, bring the host/hostess a gift such as chocolates, pastries, or a bottle of wine If they have children, bring one gift especially for them Ensure that the gifts are beautifully wrapped Flowers are usually given in odd numbers (but not 13) Avoid giving dahlias, chrysanthemums and white lilies as some of these are used for funerals! Culture leaf - Gifting culture in Spain
  61. 61. In the next lesson, we will put what we learnt today to use in conversations that will help us overcome language difficulties in a new place! What’s next?
  62. 62. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga http://www.giftypedia.com/Spain_Gift_Giving_Customs Voice over Jorge Garcia Rey Credits
  63. 63. See you at the Alley!
  64. 64. Lesson 7 | Bridging the language gap

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