Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 14 | Learn to ask questions and say 'no' in Chinese!

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lessons teaches the important interrogatives 'Who' and "whose' and focuses conversation around basic sentences such as 'Who is he?" "whose photo is this?" etc.. and finishes by teaching us how to use 'no' with the 'to-be' verb! To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 14 | Learn to ask questions and say 'no' in Chinese!

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 14 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Revision - Measure words English Mandarin Measure word for flat objects Zhāng Measure word for people/general Ge This Zhè That Nà Measure word for 'stick like objects' Zhī Measure word for 'volume' Běn To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Revision English Mandarin One photo Yí zhāng zhào piàn A piece of paper Yì zhāng zhǐ One boy Yí ge nán háizi A schoolbag Yí ge shūbāo This photo Zhè zhāng zhào piàn That boy Nà ge nán háizi This is a pen Zhè shì zhī bǐ This is not a pencil Zhè bú shì zhī qiānbǐ That is not a dictionary Nà bú shì běn zìdiǎn That is a book Nà shì běn shū To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. Lesson objectives 1 Question formation 2 Negations To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  6. 6. What's in store today? Today we will see how questions are formed in Mandarin We will also learn two forms of negation, that will help us cover verbs! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. Lesson objectives 1 Question formation 2 Negations To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. Question formation Lets start by learning how is a question formed in Mandarin different from one formed in English For the we will need to learn a new word! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. Question formation Who Shéi It is pronounced with a mid rising tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. Question formation Unlike English, Mandarin supplies the ‘interrogation’ where the answer should be! Let’s compare English and Mandarin and see what we find! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Question formation English Q. Who is he? A. He is Mark Note that the interrogation comes in the beginning of the question, but the answer comes at the end of the statement Mandarin Q. Tā shì shéi (he is who?) A. Tā shì Mark (he is Mark) Note that the interrogative comes exactly where the answer comes! Let’s look at a few more examples! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Question formation To have Yǒu 'Yǒu' is pronounced with a falling rising tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Introductions Who has a younger sister ↓ ↓ ↓ Shéi yǒu meìmei To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Question formation Who has a younger sister? Shéi yǒu meìmei? Literally, ‘who have younger sister?’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. Answer formation Lǐ has a younger sister Lǐ yǒu meìmei Literally, ‘Lǐ have younger sister’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Introductions Who is he ↓ ↓ ↓ Shéi yǒu tā Remember! We will change order to 'He is who?' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. Do you remember? Unlike English, Mandarin supplies the ‘interrogation’ where the answer should be Hence, in Mandarin, the translation for 'Who is he?' will be reordered to 'He is who?' as we will place the answer at the end (eg: 'He is Mark') To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Question formation Who is he? Tā shì shéi? Literally, ‘he is who?’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. Answer formation He is doctor Wáng Tā shì Wáng yīsheng In Mandarin, the occupation is said after the name To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Introductions possessive This is who particle ('s) photo ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Zhè shì shéi de zhào piàn To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Question formation Whose photo is this? Zhè shì shéi de zhào piàn? Literally, ‘this is who (possessive) photo?’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Answer formation This is my photo Zhè shì wǒ de zhào piàn To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Pick the right option How do we say ‘Who is he?’ in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Shéi tā shì ? Tā shì shéi? Yí shì shéi? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Solution How do we say ‘Who is he?’ in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Shéi tā shì ? Tā shì shéi? Yí shì shéi? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Pick the right option What does ‘Lǐ yǒu meìmei’ translate to? 1 2 3 Lǐ is meì’s younger sister Lǐ is the younger sister Lǐ has a younger sister To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. Solution What does ‘Lǐ yǒu meìmei’ translate to? 1 2 3 Lǐ is meì’s younger sister Lǐ is the younger sister Lǐ has a younger sister To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Moving on… So now we know that the ‘interrogative’ goes where the ‘answer’ would be! Note that the same is not true in case of question particles such as ma, ne etc… Let’s move over to our next topic, which is negations! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Lesson objectives 1 Question formation 2 Negations To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Negations In mandarin, there are two ways of saying ‘no’ Let’s look at both of them one by one! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Negations ‘Bù’ is the most common one It is pronounced with a falling tone Let’s see what the second one is! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Negations The second one is ‘méi’ The verb, ‘to have’ i.e. ‘yǒu’ is negated by ‘méi’ instead of ‘bù’! Let’s look at some examples! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Negation Do you have an elder sister Nǐ yǒu jiějie ma? Literally, 'you have elder sister?' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. Negation I don’t have an elder sister Wǒ méi yǒu jiějie Literally, 'I don't have elder sister' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. Negation I have a younger sister Wǒ yǒu yí ge meìmei Literally, 'I have one (measure word) younger sister' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. Pick the right option When is ‘méi’ used to say no? 1 2 3 With ‘have’ With not With family To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Solution When is ‘méi’ used to say no? 1 2 3 With ‘have’ With not With family To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Pick the right option What does,‘Wǒ méi yǒu jiějie’ translate to? 1 2 3 I have a younger sister I don't have a younger sister I don't have an elder sister To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. Solution What does,‘Wǒ méi yǒu jiějie’ translate to? 1 2 3 I have a younger sister I don't have a younger sister I don't have an elder sister To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Revision Speaker English Mandarin Mark Who has a younger sister? Shéi yǒu meìmei? Lisa Lǐ has a younger sister Lǐ yǒu meìmei Mark Who is he? Tā shì shéi? Lisa He is doctor Wáng Tā shì Wáng yīsheng Mark Whose photo is this? Zhè shì shéi de zhào piàn? Lisa This is my photo Zhè shì wǒ de zhào piàn Mark Do you have an elder sister? Nǐ yǒu jiějie ma? Lisa I don't have an elder sister Wǒ méi yǒu jiějie Lisa I have a younger sister Wǒ yǒu yí ge meìmei To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Revision Speaker English Mandarin Mark Who is he? Tā shì shéi? Lisa He is my father doctor Wáng Tā shì wǒ bàba, Wáng yīsheng Mark Is she your elder sister Tā shì nǐ jiějie ma? Lisa No, I have a younger sister Bù, wǒ yǒu yí ge meìmei To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. Culture leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Culture leaf While visiting a Chinese home for a meal, there are certain cultural customs and norms that one must follow! Here are some suggested behavioral practices while going for an informal dinner! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Culture leaf It is considered both polite and appropriate to get a small gift such as a bottle of wine or a tea set However, make sure to not gift anything in sets of four, as the number 4, sì, sounds similar to the Mandarin word for death, sǐ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Culture leaf It is considered rude to start eating before everyone is seated at the dinner table Wait for all the dishes to be laid on the table and served before you start with your first bite! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Culture leaf A customary phrase before starting dinner is ‘chī fàn Literally meaning ‘eat rice’ and amounting to ‘let’s start the meal’, ‘chī fàn’ is said all around the table before starting a meal! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. What's next? In the next lesson we shall learn about the order and expression of time! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Credits Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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