Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 1 | Grasp the tones in Mandarin!

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson introduces you to Mandarin Chinese and covers the tones and pronunciation aspects of the language. To study this lesson at your own pace and take quizzes on it go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 1 | Grasp the tones in Mandarin!

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 1 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Welcome to Culture Alley - Mandarin Welcome to your first Mandarin lesson! We hope you're as excited as we are about your cultural voyage to China! Today, we will introduce you to Mandarin and discover different tones in the language! So let’s get started… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Mandarin There are about 13 sub-languages within the Chinese language The most spoken is Mandarin (about 850 million), followed by Wu (90 million), Cantonese (Yue) (70 million) Mandarin has the largest number of native speakers in the world Mandarin is the official language of China and Singapore To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. Pinyin Pinyin is the official system to transcribe Chinese (including Mandarin) characters into Latin script It is often used to teach Chinese (including Mandarin) and spell names in foreign publications and used as an input method to enter Chinese characters into computers You = 你 (Chinese characters) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin You = nǐ (Pinyin)
  6. 6. Lesson objectives 1 Tones in Mandarin To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. Tones in Mandarin Let's get started by understanding the concept of tones in Mandarin You will usually encounter symbols on certain characters, eg: ǒ, ě, ā etc Each letter in Mandarin has a distinct tone (pitch of voice) associated with it Pinyin uses four easily - remembered marks to tell you what the tones of words are To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. Tones in Mandarin Eg: 'mā' means 'Mother' But 'mǎ' means 'Horse' So if you don't say the word right, you'd end up calling your mother a horse and land into trouble! :) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. Tones in Mandarin Let's look at the tonal variations of 'ma' mā má mǎ mà ma Meaning : 'mother', 'hemp', 'horse', 'scold' and a question particle respectively To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. As we saw... Each syllable in Mandarin has a distinct tone (pitch of voice) associated with it Let's now look at the easily - remembered marks which will help us in identifying the tones To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Tones in Mandarin We shall now take a look at various tones using 'Ma' as an example Let’s begin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Tones in Mandarin - First tone The first tone ( ˉ ) starts at a high level and remains constant at that level It is the same as saying 'Aaaaa' without a change in voice Say it as if singing a high note This will now be referred to as the 'high level tone (1st)' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Tonal tip Mother = Mā It is pronounced using a high level tone (1st) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Tonal tip Let's try and say Mā It is said with a high level tone - also known as the first tone, Mā To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. So remember! The first tone is denoted by ( ˉ ) It is a constant, high level tone It is said as 'Aaaaa' For example : Mā To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Tones in Mandarin - Second tone The second tone (ˊ) starts at the middle of the tone and goes to the top It is similar to saying 'Whát?' in English This will now be referred to as the 'mid rising tone (2nd)' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. Tonal tip Hemp (type of fabric) = Má It is pronounced using a mid rising tone (2nd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Tonal tip Let's try and say Má It is said with a mid rising tone - or second tone, Má To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. So remember! The second tone is denoted by (ˊ) It is said with a mid rising tone It is similar to the ‘a’ in ‘Whát?’ For example : Má To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Tones in Mandarin - Third tone The third tone (ˇ) starts at the middle, drops and picks up again It is a falling-rising tone Say it by pushing the tone and then letting go, 'Ǎ' This will now be referred to as the 'falling rising tone (3rd )' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Tonal tip Horse = Mǎ It is pronounced using a falling rising tone (3rd ) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Tonal tip Let's try and say Mǎ Once again,with a falling rising tone - also known as the third tone, Mǎ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. So remember! The third tone is denoted by (ˇ) It is said in a falling rising tone It is said by pushing the tone and then letting it go For example : Mǎ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Tones in Mandarin - Fourth tone The fourth tone (ˋ) starts at a high level and falls sharp at the bottom It has a rapidly falling pitch, like while saying a command, example (Stop!) This will now be referred to as the 'falling tone (4th )' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Tonal tip Scold = Mà It is pronounced using a falling tone (4th) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Tonal tip Let's try and say Mà It is said with a falling tone - also known as the fourth tone, Mà To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. So remember! The fourth tone is denoted by (ˋ) It is a falling tone It shares intonation with commands such as Stop! For example : Mà To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Revision - Tones in Mandarin 1.High level tone (1st) ( ˉ ) : Say the first tone as if you were singing a high note 2.Mid rising tone (2nd) (ˊ) : Pronounced like a question in English, with your pitch rising at the end of the syllable (Whát?) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Revision - Tones in Mandarin 3. Falling rising tone (3rd) ( ˇ ) : middle to low to high, dipping pitch 4. Falling tone (4th) (ˋ) : high to low, rapidly falling pitch that is pronounced like a command (Stop!) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Did you notice? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Pick the right option How do we say 'mother' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Mā Mǎ Mà To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Solution How do we say 'mother' in Mandarin? 1 Mā​ 2 3 Mǎ Mà To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. So remember! Mother = Mā is said with a constant high level tone - also known as the first tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. Pick the right option How do we say 'horse' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Mā Mǎ Mà To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Solution How do we say 'horse' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Mā Mǎ Mà To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. So remember! Horse = Mǎ is said with a falling rising tone - also known as the third tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Pick the right option What tone does 'Má' carry? 1 2 3 High level (First) Falling (Fourth) Mid rising (Second) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Solution What tone does 'Má' carry? 1 2 3 High level (First) Falling (Fourth) Mid rising (Second) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. So remember! The mid rising tone is the second tone In this tone 'Má' means 'Hemp' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Pick the right option What tone does 'Scold' = Mà carry? 1 2 3 High level Mid rising Falling To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Solution What tone does 'Scold' = Mà carry? 1 2 3 High level Mid rising Falling To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. So remember! 'Mà' means 'Scold' and carries the falling tone The falling tone is also known as the fourth tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Tones in Mandarin It might seem overwhelming, but don't worry, you will get a hang of the tones as you go along! They are important as different tones convey different meanings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Let's revise! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Revision - Tones To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Revision-Vocabulary English Mandarin Mother Mā Hemp Má Horse Mǎ Scold Mà To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. Culture Leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Culture leaf- History of China China boasts of more than 5000 years of history beginning with the semi-mythological Shang dynasty around 1500 B.C It was at this time that the Chinese symbolic writing was developed by priests To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. Culture leaf The Chinese civilization originated in and along the Yellow River (China's mother River) in the Neolithic era (12000- 10,000 B.C) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  51. 51. Culture leaf Chinese society has progressed through five major stages - Primitive Society, Slave Society, Feudal Society, Semi-feudal and Semi-colonial Society, and Socialist Society It has seen the rise and fall of several ruling dynasties in its 4500 year history To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  52. 52. Culture leaf Today China is a vibrant economy and a leading superpower which is making strides in all fields from manufacturing to technology to culture, arts, and tourism as well! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  53. 53. What's next? In the next lesson we will learn how to say ‘Hello’ in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  54. 54. Credits Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://www.chinatraveldiscovery.com/china-history/inde x.htm Images http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Asia/China/West/phot o306017.htm André Holdrinet To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  55. 55. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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