Basic Hindi | Lesson 6 | Basic Interrogatives

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Basic Hindi | Lesson 6 | Basic Interrogatives

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  2. 2. Namastē! Lesson 6 | Basic Hindi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  3. 3. Lesson object 1 Basic Interrogatives & Conversation To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  4. 4. Revision: Etiquette conversation English Hindi Nice to meet you (formal) Āpsē milkar achā lagā Nice to meet you too (common reply) Mujhē bhī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  5. 5. Revision Name English Hindi Mark Hi, who are you? Namastē, āp kauna hain? Jane Good morning, I am Jane Suprabhāt, maiṁ Jane hūṁ Mark I am an Indian ̐ Maiṁ ēk bhāratīya hūm Jane I am Mark ̐ Maiṁ Mārk hūm Mark I am an American ̐ Maiṁ ēk amērikan hūm Jane Nice to meet you! Āpsē milkar khuśī hu'ī! Mark Nice to meet you too! Mujhē bhī! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  6. 6. Revision English Hindi Hi! I am Maria Namastē maiṁ Māriā hūṁ I’m Hispanic/British ̐ Maiṁ Hispanic / Briṭiśa hūm Nice to meet you! Āpsē milkar achā lagā Hi! I am Joe Namastē maiṁ Jōe hūṁ I am an African Nice to meet you too! ̐ Maiṁ ēka Afrīkī hūm Mujhē bhī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  7. 7. Lesson object 1 Basic Interrogatives & Conversation To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  8. 8. Today's conversation! How are you? I am fine. Fine, and you? What is your name? My name is ___ Āp kaisē hai ? Maiṁ acchā / acchī hooṁ Thīk, aur āp ? Āpakā nāam kyā hai ? Mera nāam ___ hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  9. 9. To have this conversation, we need to learn a few basic interrogatives such as How and What! So lets begin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  10. 10. Interrogatives How Kaisē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  11. 11. Use of interrogation -How How are you? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  12. 12. Use of interrogation -How How are you Kaisā haiṁ Āp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  13. 13. Use of interrogation -How How Kaisē are haiṁ you Āp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  14. 14. Conversation How are you? Āp kaisē haiṁ? Question Structure Subject | Interrogation |'To-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  15. 15. Note Kaisā changes to kaisē, As we are using the Āp form to show respect To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  16. 16. Answering interrogation-How I am fine To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  17. 17. Answering interrogation-How I Maiṁ am hooṁ fine acchā / acchī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  18. 18. Answering interrogation-How I am fine Maiṁ acchā / acchī hooṁ Answer Structure Subject | Adjective| 'To-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  19. 19. Grammar tip While the general sentence structure is Subject | (Object) | 'To-be' verb In a sentence with an adjective, the assumed object is replaced with the Adjective ​ The​ answer structure then becomes: Subject | Adjective| 'To-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  20. 20. Note In Hindi, adjectives are defined by the gender of the noun being used In this case, Acchā / Acchī depend ​ on the gender of the person​ speaking the sentence To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  21. 21. Note If a boy (ladkā), has to say 'I am fine',​ he would say 'Maiṁ acchā hooṁ' If a girl (ladkī), has to say 'I am fine',​ she would say 'Maiṁ acchī hooṁ' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  22. 22. Note One of the most useful words to know is Acchā It is both an adjective and an exclamation Its meanings include good, excellent, healthy, well, OK, really?, awesome!, hmm..., a-ha!, etc.! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  23. 23. Note Another common all-purpose word is 'ṭhīk hai' It has the same meaning as ​ 'good' or 'acchā' OK / all right, yes / understood,​ right / correct, etc To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  24. 24. Answering interrogation - How Fine, and you? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  25. 25. Answering interrogation - How Fine Thīk and aur you āp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  26. 26. Answering interrogation - How Fine, and you? Thīk, aur āp? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  27. 27. Let's see if you remember…> To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  28. 28. Exercise : Pick the right option 'I am fine' translates to ___ 1 2 3 ṭhīk hai Thīk, aur āp Maiṁ acchā hooṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  29. 29. Solution 'I am fine' translates to ___ 1 2 3 ṭhīk hai Thīk, aur āp Maiṁ acchā hooṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  30. 30. Recall what the other options translate to! English Hindi Ok ṭhīk hai Fine and you Thīk, aur āp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  31. 31. The next interrogative we learn is 'What' ; lets begin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  32. 32. Interrogatives What Kyā To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  33. 33. Using interrogation - What What is your name? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  34. 34. Using interrogation - What What Kyā is hai your Āp name nāam To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  35. 35. Grammar tip In the sentence, 'What is your name'?, 'Your' and 'name' come together to form the 'Subject' of the sentence To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  36. 36. Using interrogation - What What Kyā is hai (You-r Āpa-kā Name) nāam To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  37. 37. Note In Hindi You = Āp While 'Your' becomes 'Āpa-kā' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  38. 38. Conversation What is your name? Āpakā nāam kyā hai? Question Structure Subject| Interrogation |'To-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  39. 39. Answering interrogation - What My name is____ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  40. 40. Answering interrogation - What My Merā name nāam is hai ____ _____ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  41. 41. Note In this sentence, 'my' and 'name' come together to form the subject of the Sentence! 'My' is a possessive pronoun and it translates to 'Merā' in Hindi We shall cover possessive pronouns in later lessons! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  42. 42. Answering interrogation - What My name is ____ Merā nāam ___ hai Answer Structure Subject | (Object)|'To-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  43. 43. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  44. 44. Exercise : Pick the right option 'Āpakā' in Hindi translates to ___ in english 1 2 3 You My your To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  45. 45. Solution 'Āpakā' in Hindi translates to ___ in english 1 2 3 You My your To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  46. 46. Recall what the other options translate to! English Hindi You Āp My Merā To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  47. 47. Another important interrogative to learn is​ How much/many! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  48. 48. Interrogatives How much / many? kitnā / kitnē How= Kaisē, however How much= kitnā, How many= Kitnē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  49. 49. Note While 'much' literally translates to 'bahut', it’s not used when translating ‘how much’ 'How much' translates to a single word in Hindi = kitnā We will learn where to use kitnā vs kitnē via examples later To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  50. 50. Basic interrogatives English Hindi How? kaisē? What? kyā? How much/many? kitnā / kitnē? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  51. 51. Revision : Today's conversation! English Hindi How are you? Āp kaisē hai? I am fine Maiṁ acchā / acchī hooṁ Fine, and you? Thīk, aur āp? What is your name? Āpakā nāam kyā hai? My name is ___ Merā nāam ___ hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  52. 52. Culture leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  53. 53. Culture leaf- Education in India Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector The Taxila University was the oldest universitysystem of education in the world Western education became ingrained into Indian society with the establishment of the British Raj To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  54. 54. Culture leaf Indians made significant contributions to calculus, trigonometry, and algebra The decimal system was invented in India in 100 B.C. The concept of zero as a number is also attributed to India For more information, read: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/0_(number) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  55. 55. What's next? Next time we will learn some more interrogations, and how they form questions with postpositions! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  56. 56. Credits Content Culture Alley Culture leaf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_India Image http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:VESIT_new_building.JPG To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  57. 57. Dhan'yavād! See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi

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