Basic Hindi | Lesson 3 | Greetings

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Basic Hindi | Lesson 3 | Greetings

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  2. 2. Namastē! Lesson 3 | Basic Hindi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  3. 3. Lesson objectives 1 Greetings 2 Replies to Greetings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  4. 4. Revision : Basic pronouns English Hindi I Maiṁ You Āp We Hum He Vaha She Vaha They Yē / vē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  5. 5. Revision: 'to-be' verb English Hindi I am Maiṁ hooṁ He is Vaha hai They are Yē / vē haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  6. 6. Revision: Basic sentence English Hindi I am an Indian Maiṁ ēk Bhāratīya hooṁ She is a girl Vaha ēk laḍkī hai You are a boy Āp ēk laḍkē haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  7. 7. Lesson objectives 1 Greetings 2 Replies to Greetings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  8. 8. Greetings in India While there are greetings in Hindi, some common English greetings like: Hi, Hello, Bye, Good-morning and Good night are pretty widely used and understood by locals particularly in urban areas When confused on how to greet, Namastē is a pretty universal greeting (as well as farewell) in Hindi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  9. 9. Expressions Hello Namastē In Hindi, the salutation for hello and goodbye remains 'Namastē' itself To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  10. 10. Expressions Good morning / afternoon Su-prabhāt Commonly used form for​ 'good morning' is Namastē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  11. 11. Grammar tip 'Good morning' is India is usually said by the clock, and turns to 'good afternoon' at ​ 12'0 clock Afternoon is from 12'o clock to five p.m. after which it is considered evening To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  12. 12. Culturally speaking The literal translation of good morning (su-prabhāt) is rarely used in India You would hear people saying​ 'good morning' more often than ​ the Hindi version 'su-prabhāt' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  13. 13. Expressions Good Evening Namastē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  14. 14. Expressions Good Night Namastē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  15. 15. Grammar tip The literal translation of goodnight in H ​indi is 'shubh-rātri' shubh = good, rātri= night But this term is not commonly used We either say Namastē or good night The same is true for 'good evening' as well To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  16. 16. Expressions You're welcome Svāgat hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  17. 17. Grammar tip Svāgat hai is used when welcoming someone to your house You would also hear : 'Ā'iyē, Svāgat hai', which literally translates to ​ 'Come in, you're welcome' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  18. 18. Lesson objectives 1 Greetings 2 Replies to Greetings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  19. 19. Replies Yes Hāṁ jī (जी) may be added to 'yes' and 'no' to give it a more polite tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  20. 20. Expressions No Nahīṁ jī (जी) may be added before/after 'yes' and before 'no' to give it a polite tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  21. 21. Replying to 'How are you?' Fine Ṭhīk To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  22. 22. Replies Ok Ṭhīk hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  23. 23. Do you remember? English Hindi Yes Hāṁ No Nahīṁ OK/fine (colloq.) Ṭhīk hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  24. 24. Exercise : Pick the right option 'Hello' translates to 1 2 3 Thīk hai Svāgat hai Namastē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  25. 25. Solution 'Hello' translates to 1 2 3 Thīk hai Svāgat hai Namastē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  26. 26. Exercise : Pick the right option Yes translates to 1 2 3 Hāṁ Nahīṁ Ṭhīk hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  27. 27. Solution Yes translates to 1 2 3 Hāṁ Nahīṁ Ṭhīk hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  28. 28. Recall what the other options translate as! English Hindi Ok Thīk hai You’re welcome Svāgat hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  29. 29. Revision English Hindi Hello Hello(informal) Hello Namastē (formal) Yes Hāṁ No Nahīṁ OK/fine (colloq.) Thīk hai Good morning/afternoon Namastē Good evening Namastē Good night Namastē You're welcome Svāgat hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  30. 30. Culture Leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  31. 31. Culture leaf : Major festivals in India India is described as the land of festivals Key occasions include, harvesting of crops, welcoming the spring or rain and celebrating birthdays of divine beings Major festivals in India: Holi, Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, Durgapuja, Dussehra, Navratri, Ganesh Pooja, Id-ul-Zuha or Bakr-id etc To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  32. 32. Culture leaf : Major festivals in India Diwali is a five day festival Represents the start of the Hindu New Year ​ Is known as the 'Festival of Lights' Small clay lamps and candles are lit ​ Fireworks are enjoyed To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  33. 33. Culture leaf : Major festivals in India Holi is commonly referred to as the 'Festival of Colors' People exuberantly throw colored powder and water over each other and have​ rain dance parties To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  34. 34. Culture leaf : Major festivals in India Navaratri, Dussehra The first nine days of this festival are known as Navaratri (Nine nights), and are filled with dance in honor of the Mother Goddess The tenth day, called Dussehra, is devoted to celebrating the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  35. 35. Culture leaf : Major festivals in India Id-ul-Zuha or Bakrid Celebrates the sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim, who willingly agreed to kill his son at the behest of God To celebrate the event Muslims sacrifice one animal per family or group of families There are prayers in mosques, feasting, and rejoicing To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  36. 36. Culture leaf : Major festivals in India Raksha Bandhan An integral part of the Hindu family structure Every girl ties a Rakhi (decorative thread) on the wrist of her brother to remind him to protect her if ​ need arises the To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  37. 37. What’s next? Next time we will learn how to get someone’s attention and how​ ​ to communicate the feeling of gratitude! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  38. 38. Credits Content Culture Alley Culture leaf http://www.angelfire.com/ca/VinitBudhiraja/festivals.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_holidays_in_India Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Diwali_Diya.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fd/Holi-Celebration.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Durga_Puja.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eid_Prayers_at_Barashalghar,_Debidwar,_Comilla.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rakhi_2.jpg To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  39. 39. Dhan'yavād! See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi

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