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чудеса света


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чудеса света

  1. 1. Egyptian pyramids - the greatest architectural monuments of ancient Egypt, among which one of the "seven wonders of the world " - the pyramid of Cheops and honorary Ph.D. " New Seven Wonders of the World " - the Pyramids of Giza . Pyramids are a huge stone pyramidshaped structures that were used as tombs for pharaohs of ancient Egypt . The word "pyramid" - the Greek , means polyhedron . According to some researchers, a large pile of wheat and became the prototype of the pyramid. According to other scholars , the word comes from the memorial pyramidshaped cake . Total in Egypt found 118 pyramids [1] ( November 2008 ) . Pyramids
  2. 2. Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro - one of the most famous and popular monuments in the world . Every year at least 1.8 million tourists [2] raised his foot with panoramic views of the city and the bay with picturesque mountain Sugar Loaf ( Port. - Pan- Asukar ) , the famous beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema , a huge bowl of the stadium "Maracana" . At the top is electrified railway (the first in Brazil) , with plying her miniature train . It was built by engineers Pereira Passos and Terceira Soares long before the statue of Christ - in 1882-1884, . , And later played a major role in the construction of the monument : up on it delivered construction materials . To get to the statue can also drive on the motorway , passing through the Tijuca National Park . Tijuca Forest is the largest forest area in the world, located in the city . Статуя Христа Исскупителя
  3. 3. Taj Mahal (Hindi Engl. Taj Mahal) mausoleum mosque, located in Agra, India, on the banks of river Yamuna (architects probably Ustad Isa, etc.). Built by a descendant of Tamerlane - padishah Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth fourteenth child (later was buried there himself Shah Jahan). Taj Mahal
  4. 4. Чичен Ица . On the territory of Chichen Itza repeatedly excavations , which have resulted in large open architectural monuments Maya Toltec : "Temple of Kukulcan " - 9 - step pyramid (height 24 meters ) with sweeping staircases on each side . ( In the vernal and autumnal equinoxes (March 20 and September 22) at about three in the afternoon sun's rays illuminate the western balustrade of the main staircase of the pyramid so that the light and shadow to form an image of seven isosceles triangles that make up , in turn , the body tridtsatisemimetrovoy snake " crawling " as the movement of the sun to his own head carved at the base of the stairs. )