Adam Tucker, Royal Carribbean

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Adam Tucker, Royal Carribbean

  1. 1. Safety Factors in Considering Ports of Call
  2. 2. Port Consideration <ul><li>Before a new port is considered for a vessel deployment, it must be approved by many relevant stake holders within an organization. </li></ul><ul><li>In a typical cruise company, the Marine Operations group has the primary (and final) approval of a potential port of call. It must approve the port and its shore based facilities by conducting a risk assessment for the overall safety of the vessel and her guests and crew. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Marine Ops Sign Off/Approval Port X Safety of Navigation Port Facility Influential Safety Factors No Go No Go No Go GO GO Approval
  4. 4. Go/No-Go Risk Assessment <ul><li>Two tiers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Port facilities </li></ul></ul>Influential Safety Factors Items to be considered in a risk assessment that could impact the safe navigation and operation of a vessel in a port of call.
  5. 5. Navigation – go/no-go <ul><li>Considered with respect to the ships hull characteristics and maneuvering capabilities. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approach/Channel/Dock Under Keel Clearances (UKC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Channel width </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turning basin depths and clearances (if needed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air draft clearances (bridges/power lines etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of navigational data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and Simulation Assessment </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Navigation – Influential Factors <ul><li>Anchorage characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holding ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proximity to grounding line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance to/from tender pier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions at anchorage (open water or sheltered) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accuracy and scale of navigational charts/nautical data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SOLAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate chart scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to date reference information </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Navigation – Influential Factors <ul><li>Availability of Aids to Navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buoys/Lights/Beacons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pilotage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandatory/Voluntary/None </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local navigational hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ice/wrecks/shoals/reefs/traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Piracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Navigation – Influential Factors <ul><li>Weather </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind speed and direction (trend) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current and Tide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wave and Swell in port </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General weather trends (seasons) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Rules/Regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced visibility – fog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Night time navigation requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special rules </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Port Facilities – Go/No Go <ul><li>Depth at pier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UKC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tidal Range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Door clearances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Useable Pier length </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gangway placement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Door use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bollards/Dolphin/Mooring Buoys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type and number available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mooring line lead and placement </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Port Facilities – Go/No Go <ul><li>Fenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type and placement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate for ship hull protection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pier Obstructions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranes/buildings/structures/other vessels </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Port Facilities – Influential Factors <ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISPS compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location - guest safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gangways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type/safe load /functionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special considerations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility to wheelchairs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tender Considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to handle ships tenders at pier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of shore based tenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility for wheelchairs </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Port Facilities – Influential Factors <ul><li>Guest/Crew Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazards on pier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Containers/cargo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trucks/Cars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hazardous Materials on Pier </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. In Summary <ul><li>Port Safety assessment based on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety of Navigation – Go/No Go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Port Facility – Go/No Go </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even after a “GO” criteria is met, the port is further assessed based on factors that may influence the safety of the ship, her guests/crew and the environment. </li></ul>

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