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Dive+ NL eScience symposium 2015

  1. 1. Towards New Cultural Commons with DIVE+ Lora Aroyo and Oana Inel 3rd National eScience Symposium 2015
  2. 2. massive amount of digital content to explore …   @laroyo
  3. 3. but at some point it all looks the same …   @laroyo
  4. 4. audiences feel disconnected & lost …   @laroyo
  5. 5.   @laroyo how to bring them back in the driving seat …
  6. 6. … especially Digital Humanities researchers   @laroyo
  7. 7.   @laroyo smart open connected Johan Oomen, Lora Aroyo (2011). Crowdsourcing in Cultural Heritage Domain: Opportunities & Challenges.
  8. 8. “Enabling anything like seamless access to the cultural record will require developing tools to navigate among vast catalogs of born-digital and digitized materials […] The return on this investment will be a humanities and social science cyberinfrastructure that will allow new questions to be asked, new patterns and relations to be discerned, and deep structures in language, society, and culture to be exposed and explored.”   @laroyo
  9. 9. we need a shift from: Museums & Archives as Inventories of the World André Malraux, The Imaginary Museum of World Sculpture, 1953   @laroyo
  10. 10. Museums & Archives as a Place to Engage with the World
  11. 11. for this we need to be able to support a multitude of perspectives   @laroyo
  12. 12. in the sea of information to explore it in a pleasant and informative way
  13. 13. in the sea of information to explore it in a pleasant and informative way
  14. 14. event-centric browser for digital humanities in the sea of information to explore it in a pleasant and informative way
  15. 15. in the sea of information to explore it in a pleasant and informative way event-centric browser for digital humanities +
  16. 16. OPENIMAGES.EU • 3000 videos • NL Institute for Sound & Vision • mostly news broadcasts DELPHER.NL • 1.5 Million Scans of • Radio bulletins • (hand annotated) • 1937 – 1984
  18. 18. Crowdsourcing for Video Analysis   @laroyo
  19. 19. Crowdsourcing for Text Analysis   @laroyo
  20. 20. engaging users through event narratives
  21. 21. diversity of opinions from the crowd collected in a decentralized way Independent machine-generated narratives aggregated views over the collection   @laroyo support for perspectives
  22. 22. Digital Submarine UI Infinity of Exploration Linking Objects through Events Collecting Perspectives from the Crowd Linked (Open) Data
  23. 23. Lora Aroyo Oana Inel Victor de Boer Chiel van den Akker Susan Legêne Christiaan Meijer Huub Wijfies Johan Oomen Jaap Blom Werner Helmich Dennis de Beurs
  24. 24. around the Web   @laroyo
  25. 25. THANK YOU!   @laroyo

Editor's Notes

  • Hi my name is Oana Inel
    Unfortunately, Lora Aroyo was not able to present today
    So, I am going to tell you about our journey with DIVE+ towards the new cultural comments
  • One of the main characteristics of today is the massive, overwhelming amount of information around us
    This is especially remarkable in terms of cultural heritage content online
    Think of all the videos, images and the infinite amount of web pages that you get as search results when you want to learn about a given artist, period or an historic event

    However ….
  • However, this unconceivable amount of information ‘looks all the same’ to the poor users
    when they are not able to consume it properly, e.g.
    When they don’t know where to start, what to search for, and typically getting lost in very specialized art-historic explanations
  • As a result of this ‘we’ as audiences feel disconnected and lost in this vast information sea
  • So, what can we do to bring the users of cultural heritage online back in the driver seat
    How can we empower the audiences and help them overcome the sense of overwhelming
  • In this case we focus specifically on the Digital Humanities scholars
    To help them find what they search for
    To help them understand what they found
    To help them make serendipitous links between cultural heritage objects
  • Some refer to the solution as “Cultural Commonwealth”
    In other words, making Online Cultural Heritage smarter, more open and more connected.

  • And I mean Smart Cultural Heritage in terms of
    Using new technologies for indexing, retrieval and linking
    Providing content over various platforms
    Getting inspired In collaboration with creative industries
  • Also Open Cultural Heritage in terms of
    Content being within the reach of both end users and other organization
  • And finally, Connected Cultural Heritage in terms of
    Connected to the users, and knowing their wishes and context of use
    Connected to other collections with a complimentary role
    Providing your content in a distributed fashion – over different platforms
  • This would mean: (1) linking Humanities and CS and (2) in this way help redefining the research questions in both fields
    And (3) in this way also stimulate the thinking out of the box in both fields;
    And ultimately, give much richer relevance of the results, by putting them in the perspective of Web Science and eScience

    [[Alternatively - read out the quote from the report of the Americal Council of Learned Societies Commission…]]]
  • So, what does need to happen to achieve this cultural commonwealth?
    First we need to make a shift in the way we think
    Museums are not just inventories of the world’s knowledge
  • They should be places where people can engage with the world
  • And to be able to do this
    We need to teach our tools to understand ‘perspectives’, i.e.
    - to be able to identify, present and support a multitude of perspectives over the same information space
  • And in this way allow them
    to DIVE in the sea of information
    And being able to explore it
    in a pleasant and informative way
  • And we did build a tool for this – and we call it DIVE
  • an event-centric browser for digital humanities
  • After the successful completion of DIVE with our success at the International Semantic Web Conference
    We continued working together with eScience Center on DIVE+
  • Here you can see the main elements of the DIVE interaction
    Relationships between objects of different types, e.g. events, people, locations
  • And you can experience the infinity of the DIVING through continuously choosing elements to explore and getting related elements through events, locations, people or times ..
  • Here we see only the event selection of the previous search result
  • So, we started with two collections (1) 3000 news broadcasts from Sound and Vision & (2) Radio bulletins from the Dutch Royal Library (in the period of 1937 and 1984)
  • In 2015 are adding more, (1) the online collection of objects from the Amsterdam Museum as well as (2) the Tropenmuseum collection
  • The underlying approach of DIVE is based on using open Web standards (such as SKOS and OpenAnnottion) and state-of-the-art for linked data
    So, we use the Simple Event Model as the central knowledge representation in DIVE
    Additionally, we also DIVE knowledge base with links to external sources, such as Europeana and DBPedia
    All this results in a very rich knowledge graph of events, entities participating in those events and diverse links between all of them
  • This results of very rich representation of all the collection objects in a large knowledge graph, where every object is related to others through events or entities depicted in it
  • But the events data is very scarce
    So, to fill this rich knowledge graph with events data, we employed crowdsourcing for video analysis – to identify all the events and related entities depicted in each video
  • And also for text analysis - to identify all the events and related entities depicted in each text
  • Through the use of the simple event model we are able to generate automatically diverse ‘narratives’ or storylines through the integrated collections
    This allows users to explore them by diving into the numerous relations between events and their participating entities
  • All this – brings us back where we started – we wanted to provide support for perspectives
    And the event-based narratives provide with this.
    Through the crowd we are able to collect in a decetralized way a huge amount of diverse opinions
    Through the event model we are able to generate numerous narratives through the collection
    And through the novel DIVE interface we provide an aggregated view of the whole collection
  • In summary,
    DIVE – implements a Digital Submarine User Interface for Exploration
    DIVE – integrates Linked Open Data, Web Standards, Event Modeling & Crowd perspectives
  • This is our multidisciplinary team consisting of
    Cultural heritage professionals
    Interaction Designers
    And computer Scientists
  • For more information you can explore some of those links
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