Deeper 2 Robert Russell - infant baptism


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  • Baptism is by belief and a burial into Christ Jesus. Anything else is less than the word of God.
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  • Cherry pickers, one verse wonders or one hit wonders are all people who hold to one successful thing. Now throughout all the scriptures we are told that in the mouth of two or three witnesses, let every word of God be established. The trinitarians have held since 325 A.D. that only one single scripture is valid to be used in a person's baptism. The one of Matthew 28:19. 'Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.' Yet the name of the Father was and is Jesus. 'I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.' The whole family of God is called and founded upon the name of Jesus. 'For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named.' We know that the name of Emmanuel (God with us or the word made flesh) was Jesus. 'And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.' The Holy Spirit or Comforter was sent in the name of Jesus. 'But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.' The name of Jesus or Yeshua means that God (YHWH) has become our salvation. His name alone is commanded for every word or deed ever done. It alone can save, heal or cleanse all. He only has all power in heaven and in earth. There's no other way or door to God, but by Him.

    Now, find in the book of Acts that nobody baptized into any name (singular) other than Jesus, the Lord Jesus or the Lord Jesus Christ. Peter, who the apostle to the Jews was given the keys to the kingdom baptized every repentant convert into the name of Jesus Christ. Paul, who was the apostle to the Gentiles had been and did baptize into the name of the Lord Jesus. The Corinthians, Samaritans, Colossians and Romans among many others, were baptized into Jesus Christ. Paul wrote to the Galatians any other Gospel message or baptism was cursed and invalid. So, how did this trinity baptismal formula come about?

    The Catholic Encyclopedia 2, on page 263 states, 'The baptismal formula was changed from the name of Jesus Christ to the words Father, Son and Holy Ghost in the second century.' The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (volume 4, under baptism) records, 'Matthew 28:19 in particular only canonizes a later ecclesiastical situation, that it's universalism is contrary to the facts of the early church history, and it's trinitarian formula is foreign to the mouth of Jesus (Yeshua).' Eusebius (who the greatest Greek scholar of his day), Shem-Tob and F.C. Conybeare all verify that the original Matthew ended with the word of Jesus like this: 'And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in my name.' This version would match up with the one of Luke's, Mark's and John's.

    Does anyone still doubt the effects of water baptism (the word itself signifies only immersion, dipping or washing)? The proof is always manifested in the deed. In other words, every person who called upon the name of the Lord Jesus by faith in his or her baptism, has always also known the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. According to the book of Matthew, many who did not use the name of the Lord (Jesus is Lord of all) in their baptism, will told by Him that He never knew them. I will leave you with this one question. Is it really worth the risk of using a obvious man made tradition instead of the word of God, and suffer for all of eternity for it?
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Deeper 2 Robert Russell - infant baptism

  1. 1. INFANT BAPTISM <ul><ul><li>Peadobaptism – infant or child baptism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credobaptism – believers baptism as an adult </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. INFANT BAPTISM <ul><ul><li>Accepted by churches: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anglican Communion, Roman Catholic,Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodoxy, Armenian Apostolic, Assyrian, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Methodists, Nazarene, Reformed Church in America, United Church of Canada, United Church of Christ, Continental Reformed. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. INFANT BAPTISM <ul><ul><li>Rejected by churches: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Baptists, Apostolic Christians, all Old Time Missionary Baptists, Disciples of Christ, most Pentecostals, Mennonites, Amish, Community of Christ, Plymouth Brethren, Seventh-day Adventists, most non-denominational churches, and other Arminian denominations. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. INFANT BAPTISM <ul><ul><li>Ceremony varies by denomination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affusion – sprinkling water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aspersion – pouring water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immersion </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. INFANT BAPTISM - History <ul><ul><li>Bible: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts 16:31-34 Jailer and his family baptised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts 10: Centurion and his family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1Cor:1-16 Household of Stephanus </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. INFANT BAPTISM - History <ul><ul><li>Early Christian: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irenus (c130-202 AD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Origen (c185) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tertullen (c155-230) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hippolytus (c235) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All consider baptism of infants to be acceptable & standard practice </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. INFANT BAPTISM - Developments <ul><ul><li>Infant baptism became the norm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth lead to break between baptism and admission to receive communion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many baptisms for the bishop to be present at all, baptisms carried out by local priest, bishop performed confirmation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. INFANT BAPTISM - Theology <ul><ul><li>General agreement – New Testament equivalent of circumcision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Col 2:11-12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond this there is a lot of disagreement </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. INFANT BAPTISM – Theology – Denominational views <ul><ul><li>Roman Catholics – infant baptism shows salvation is unmerited favour from God, not the fruit of human effort. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern Orthodox - Baptism is a sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ to impart grace to its recipients. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. INFANT BAPTISM – Theology – Denominational views <ul><ul><li>CofE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tradition early days of the Church. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God’s merciful love – grace- precedes human response and enables it. Personal confession of faith following on from and responding to the grace of God received in infant baptism is consistent with this fact.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christ welcomed and blessed those infants that were brought to Him (Mark 10:13-15) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a sign of belonging to the family – circumcision </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. INFANT BAPTISM – Theology – Denominational views <ul><ul><li>Lutheran - baptism is a &quot;means of grace&quot; through which God creates and strengthens &quot;saving faith&quot; by the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit in which infants and adults are reborn. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodists - principle of prevenient grace, infant baptism is God's promise to the infant that calls that infant to (eventually) believe in God's promises (God's Word) for salvation. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. INFANT BAPTISM – Theology – Denominational views <ul><ul><li>Presbyterian and Continental Reformed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a symbol, like a wedding ring. The grace it conveys, however, is not justifying grace. Baptism, according to this tradition, does not produce Christians, but identifies the child as a member of the covenant community. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to circumcision </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. INFANT BAPTISM Big question <ul><ul><li>How do we see: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faith </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of baptism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our route to being saved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sacraments </li></ul></ul>