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Carol Anne Meyer
Business Development and Marketing
CrossRef
@meyercarol
ORCID: 0000-0003-2443-2804
Funding for Research
H...
A not-for-profit trade association of
global scholarly publishers
CrossRef has 1900 members,
representing 4627 publishers
5
Members come from 81 countries
Linking
Reference Linking Cited-by Linking
Discovery and Delivery
CrossRef Metadata Services Bibliographic Management
Cros...
Now we have 90 affiliates and 2045
libraries
Our community includes
Affiliates and Libraries
We generate more than a billion
annual “clicks” to our member
publishers’ sites
0
275,000,000
550,000,000
825,000,000
1,10...
Offices in
Lynnfield, MA and Oxford, UK
25 Employees
6
2
4
10
12
43
64
151
1612
>500
201-500
101-200
51-100
26-50
10-25
5-10
1-5
<1
# of Members
RevenueTiers($million)
The Lon...
Mission
To be a trusted collaborative organization with
broad community connections; authoritative
and innovative in suppo...
Improving scholarly
communication through
community collaboration
6-Word Mission
Journals
79%
Books
13%
Conference
Proceedings
6%
Components
2%
CrossRef DOIs Not just for Journals
• Protein Data Bank
• Standards in Genomic Science
• Organization for Economic Development (OECD)
• Public Library of Scie...
http://xkcd.com/285
/
• author (s)
• journal title
• article title
• volume
• issue
• publication
date
• ISSN
• page numbers
• article IDs
• int...
Additional CrossRef
Metadata
• ORCID
• CrossMark
Updates (related CrossRef DOIs)
Publication record information
• Text a...
NISO OA Metadata &
Indicators
• 2 simple tags:
“free_to_read”
“license_ref”
• Embargo periods supported
Additional Metadata
for
• 3 simple tags:
funder_name
funder_identifier
award_number
FundRef
A standard way of reporting funding
sources for published scholarly research
Launched May 2013
FundRef
For further reading
http://fundref.crossref.org/docs/funder_kpi_metadata_best_practice.html
The Funding
Attribution Problem
<fn fn-type="financial-disclosure">
<p>This work was supported in part by NIH
grant R01 GM094800B to G.J.J., a gift to Cal...
<body>
...
<sec>
<title>Funding</title>
<p>This work was supported by the
<grant-sponsor
xlink:href="http://www.grf.org"
i...
Funding bodies cannot easily track the published
output of funding
Publishers cannot easily report which articles
result f...
National Institutes of Health
NIH? N.I.H.? National Institute of Health?
Abbreviations, misspellings, translations...
The Solution
Publishe
rs
Relationship with
authors submitting
manuscripts
Established
publishing and
peer-review
systems
Funders
Relati...
FundRef Pilot brought
together Publishers and
Funders
The FundRef Registry is
taxonomy of 6100 funder
names
www.crossref.org/fundref/fundref_registry.html
6100 funder names and ID numbers from
curated Elsevier SciVal registry, donated to
FundRef
Hosted by CrossRef, available u...
FundRef
Registry
Publisher
Submission System
Grant Number
Funder
Production
Systems
CrossRef
Database &
Query APIs
Funders...
DOI
Funding
Source
Award
Number
Submission
Workflow1. Collect funding data from authors on submission
using FundRef Registry taxonomy
Workflow
Issues1. Collect funding data from authors on submission
using FundRef Registry taxonomy
http://www.crossref.org/...
Implementatio
nWidget -
http://labs.crossref.org
Submission System
Grant Number
Funder
Production
Systems
Implementatio
n2. Pass funding data from submission system to
pro...
http://labs.crossref.org
Workflow3. Deposit FundRef data with
CrossRef
CrossMark participants should
deposit FundRef data within
CrossMark deposits...
Workflow3. Deposit funding data with
CrossRef
Look up funding
data
http://search.crossref.org/fundref
Search for Funder
Results
Search by Other Metadata
Search by Grant Number
Search by CrossRef DOI
Search by ORCID
How to participate
1. Encourage researchers to submit FundRef info at
manuscript submission. (Hint: Ask for ORCIDs too!)
2...
• 123,000+ unique documents with
FundRef records
• 66% of the funder names from these
relationships are in the FundRef
Reg...
AAAS
ACSESS
American Chemical Society
American Diabetes Association
American Institute of Physics
American Psychiatric Pub...
Publishers: sign up now!
FundRef Terms & Conditions:
www.crossref.org/fundref
No fees for FundRef deposits
• CrossRef (with FundRef) provides the social and
technology standards and practices that makes
CHORUS and SHARE possible....
FundRef
• CrossRef staff participates on CHORUS and SHARE
committees
• CrossRef also has expressed an openness to make
its infrast...
www.crossref.org/fundref
cmeyer@crossref.org
Thank you!
Funding data for research
Funding data for research
Funding data for research
Funding data for research
Funding data for research
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Funding data for research

Funding For Research!
Carol Anne Meyer, @meyercarol, who is responsible for Business Development and Marketing at CrossRef describes CrossRef's FundRef funder identification service, which correlates funding organizations with the scholarly articles and other documents that result from their research expenditures The FundRef taxonomy allows researchers to choose from a controlled vocabulary of thousands of funder names when they submit papers for publication. FundRef Search and other tools help funders demonstrate and measure the impact of their activities. CrossRef Member Publishers participating in FundRef will be able serve the author/researcher community by helping them meet their funder compliance and reporting requirements and by displaying funding information through the CrossMark service. Carol will also introduce CrossRef services that allow researchers and publishers to reduce the time and effort necessary to arrange the necessary permissions for text and data mining, She will also explain the relationship between these services and initiatives to increase public access to scholarly content.

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Funding data for research

  1. 1. Carol Anne Meyer Business Development and Marketing CrossRef @meyercarol ORCID: 0000-0003-2443-2804 Funding for Research How CrossRef Funding Data Addresses Public Access and Accountability through FundRef Association of American Publishers/Professional and Scholarly Publishers (AAP/PSP) Electronic Information Committee Seminar Series 12 June 2014
  2. 2. A not-for-profit trade association of global scholarly publishers
  3. 3. CrossRef has 1900 members, representing 4627 publishers
  4. 4. 5 Members come from 81 countries
  5. 5. Linking Reference Linking Cited-by Linking Discovery and Delivery CrossRef Metadata Services Bibliographic Management CrossRef Metadata Search Document Delivery Multiple Resolution Link Resolvers CrossRef APIs Evaluating CrossCheck Article Level Metrics CrossMark PreScore FundRef Collaborating Linked Data Text and Data Mining FundRef NISO OA Indicator Threaded Publications Journal Article Tag Set (JATS) Enables Powered by iThenticate
  6. 6. Now we have 90 affiliates and 2045 libraries Our community includes Affiliates and Libraries
  7. 7. We generate more than a billion annual “clicks” to our member publishers’ sites 0 275,000,000 550,000,000 825,000,000 1,100,000,000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  8. 8. Offices in Lynnfield, MA and Oxford, UK
  9. 9. 25 Employees
  10. 10. 6 2 4 10 12 43 64 151 1612 >500 201-500 101-200 51-100 26-50 10-25 5-10 1-5 <1 # of Members RevenueTiers($million) The Long Tail of Members
  11. 11. Mission To be a trusted collaborative organization with broad community connections; authoritative and innovative in support of a persistent, sustainable infrastructure for scholarly communication.
  12. 12. Improving scholarly communication through community collaboration 6-Word Mission
  13. 13. Journals 79% Books 13% Conference Proceedings 6% Components 2% CrossRef DOIs Not just for Journals
  14. 14. • Protein Data Bank • Standards in Genomic Science • Organization for Economic Development (OECD) • Public Library of Science • International Union of Crystallography (IUCR) More than 1 million data items/figures/components have CrossRef DOIs
  15. 15. http://xkcd.com/285 /
  16. 16. • author (s) • journal title • article title • volume • issue • publication date • ISSN • page numbers • article IDs • internal identifiers • URL • DOI Sample CrossRef Bibliographic Metadata
  17. 17. Additional CrossRef Metadata • ORCID • CrossMark Updates (related CrossRef DOIs) Publication record information • Text and Data Mining Data • NISO Open Access Identifier
  18. 18. NISO OA Metadata & Indicators • 2 simple tags: “free_to_read” “license_ref” • Embargo periods supported
  19. 19. Additional Metadata for • 3 simple tags: funder_name funder_identifier award_number FundRef
  20. 20. A standard way of reporting funding sources for published scholarly research Launched May 2013 FundRef
  21. 21. For further reading http://fundref.crossref.org/docs/funder_kpi_metadata_best_practice.html
  22. 22. The Funding Attribution Problem
  23. 23. <fn fn-type="financial-disclosure"> <p>This work was supported in part by NIH grant R01 GM094800B to G.J.J., a gift to Caltech from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and a stipend from the Bayerische Forschungsstiftung to M.P. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.</p> </fn> </fn-group> </back> </article>
  24. 24. <body> ... <sec> <title>Funding</title> <p>This work was supported by the <grant-sponsor xlink:href="http://www.grf.org" id="GS1">Generic Research Foundation</grant-sponsor>, the <grant-sponsor xlink:href="http://www.energy.gov" id="GS2">Department of Energy</grant- sponsor> Office of Science grant number <grant-num rid="GS2">DE-FG02- 04ER63803</grant-num>, and the <grant- sponsor xlink:href="http://www.nih.gov" id="GS3">National Institutes of Health</grant-sponsor>. </p> </sec> </body>
  25. 25. Funding bodies cannot easily track the published output of funding Publishers cannot easily report which articles result from research supported by specific funders or grants Institutions cannot easily link funding received to published output Lack of standard metadata for funding sources makes it difficult to analyze or mine the data Why does this matter?
  26. 26. National Institutes of Health NIH? N.I.H.? National Institute of Health? Abbreviations, misspellings, translations...
  27. 27. The Solution
  28. 28. Publishe rs Relationship with authors submitting manuscripts Established publishing and peer-review systems Funders Relationship with researchers funded by agencies Established award systems and research management processes Institutions Funder compliance education Track funding received The Public Authors Want accountability for how contributions/taxes spent Have funding information at submission FundRef
  29. 29. FundRef Pilot brought together Publishers and Funders
  30. 30. The FundRef Registry is taxonomy of 6100 funder names www.crossref.org/fundref/fundref_registry.html
  31. 31. 6100 funder names and ID numbers from curated Elsevier SciVal registry, donated to FundRef Hosted by CrossRef, available under CC0 Updated and extended monthly— Publishers use this list to ensure consistency More on The FundRef Registry www.crossref.org/fundref/fundref_registry.html
  32. 32. FundRef Registry Publisher Submission System Grant Number Funder Production Systems CrossRef Database & Query APIs Funders Researchers Institutions Publishers SHARE
  33. 33. DOI Funding Source Award Number
  34. 34. Submission Workflow1. Collect funding data from authors on submission using FundRef Registry taxonomy
  35. 35. Workflow Issues1. Collect funding data from authors on submission using FundRef Registry taxonomy http://www.crossref.org/fundref
  36. 36. Implementatio nWidget - http://labs.crossref.org
  37. 37. Submission System Grant Number Funder Production Systems Implementatio n2. Pass funding data from submission system to production systems Publish er Editorial Check
  38. 38. http://labs.crossref.org
  39. 39. Workflow3. Deposit FundRef data with CrossRef CrossMark participants should deposit FundRef data within CrossMark deposits CrossMark participation recommended for standard display of funding information
  40. 40. Workflow3. Deposit funding data with CrossRef
  41. 41. Look up funding data http://search.crossref.org/fundref
  42. 42. Search for Funder
  43. 43. Results
  44. 44. Search by Other Metadata
  45. 45. Search by Grant Number
  46. 46. Search by CrossRef DOI
  47. 47. Search by ORCID
  48. 48. How to participate 1. Encourage researchers to submit FundRef info at manuscript submission. (Hint: Ask for ORCIDs too!) 2. Use FundRef Search, CrossRef Metadata Search & CrossRef APIs to retrieve funding information 3. Provide feedback on the tools 4. Use FundRef Registry for funding analysis 5. Always use CrossRef DOIs and ORCIDs when citing research output
  49. 49. • 123,000+ unique documents with FundRef records • 66% of the funder names from these relationships are in the FundRef Registry So, How Are We Doing?
  50. 50. AAAS ACSESS American Chemical Society American Diabetes Association American Institute of Physics American Psychiatric Publishing American Psychological Association American Physical Society American Society of Neuroradiology Association for Computing Machinery BioMed Central Bioscientifica Copernicus GmBH eLife Sciences Publications Elsevier FapUNIFESP (SciELO) Grupo Comunicar Hindawi Publishing Corporation Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers International Union of Crystallography Internet Medical Publishing IOP Publishing Journal of Humanity Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development Just Medical Media, Ltd. KAMJE Kowsar Medical Institute Landes Bioscience MDPI AG National Library of Serbia Optical Society of America Oxford University Press Royal Society of Chemistry ScienceOpen Spandidos Publications Taylor & Francis The Royal Society Wiley-Blackwell http://www.crossref.org/fundref/fundref_agreement.html These 39 publishers have signed up
  51. 51. Publishers: sign up now! FundRef Terms & Conditions: www.crossref.org/fundref No fees for FundRef deposits
  52. 52. • CrossRef (with FundRef) provides the social and technology standards and practices that makes CHORUS and SHARE possible. • CrossRef DOIs directs interested parties to the correct documents • CrossRef’s existing metadata database will hold data about ORCID, FundRef, Open Access Indicator, Text and Data mining • CrossRef’s Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and search interfaces will serve these new types of data. PS: What Does CrossRef Funding Data Have to Do With Public Access?
  53. 53. FundRef
  54. 54. • CrossRef staff participates on CHORUS and SHARE committees • CrossRef also has expressed an openness to make its infrastructure available for other public access initiatives • CrossRef does not do custom development for projects that are specific to that project and not generalizable to the industry. Full Disclosure: CrossRef Plays the Field
  55. 55. www.crossref.org/fundref cmeyer@crossref.org Thank you!

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