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CrossRef DOIs for eBooks: Making it easier for readers to find your stuff

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Carol Anne Meyer describes why it is a good idea to assign DOIs to scholarly books, and how to go about it.

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CrossRef DOIs for eBooks: Making it easier for readers to find your stuff

  1. 1. CrossRef DOIs for eBooks: Making it easier for readers to find your stuff<br />Carol Anne Meyer<br />CrossRef Webinar<br />17 May 2011<br />
  2. 2. Today’s Agenda<br />Why assign CrossRefDOIs to books?<br />Books now registered in CrossRef<br />Best Practices for CrossRef Book DOIs<br />DOI syntax for books<br />Linking to and from books<br />Depositing CrossRefDOIs& metadata for books<br />Querying for books<br />ISSNs and ISBNs for books & series<br />How much?<br />What’s next?<br />
  3. 3. Why assign CrossRef DOIs to books Or, How does it help readers find my stuff?<br />Persistent linking -- books interlink with other journal articles and other scholarly content<br />Inbound links drive traffic; outbound links add value and utility<br />CrossRef Books DOIs can resolve to information on purchasing -- for both print and online books<br />Access/authentication remain under publisher control<br />
  4. 4. 112 publishers deposit book content at CrossRef<br />152,898 book titles deposited<br />3,117,135 book DOIs (includes chapters and reference entries)<br />The Numbers<br />
  5. 5. Did you know…<br />50 million DOIs are resolved every month?<br />
  6. 6. Books DOIs can resolve to…<br /><ul><li>Book Titles
  7. 7. Book Chapters
  8. 8. Reference Entries</li></li></ul><li>…title level response pages for e-books<br />
  9. 9. …titles and book chapter response pages<br />
  10. 10. …book chapters <br />
  11. 11. …title level response page for print and e-books<br />
  12. 12. …entries in reference works<br />
  13. 13. 3 million book DOIs out of 47 million CrossRef DOIs<br />http://crossref.org/06members/53status.html<br />
  14. 14. Book DOI deposits have been growing rapidly<br />
  15. 15. Best Practices Book DOIs<br />
  16. 16. Best PracticesDepositing, linking and CrossRef DOI use<br />Deposit DOIs at the title and chapter/entry level. <br />Add outbound links from references in books. <br />Deposit references from books with CrossRef to enable CrossRef Cited-by Linking.<br />
  17. 17. Best PracticesAuthor guidelines<br />Instruct authors to cite specific chapters and entries using page numbers, chapter/entry titles and CrossRef DOIs. <br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Best PracticesEditorial Guidelines<br />Copyeditors add page numbers and chapter titles.<br /> Use tools in production to correct references<br />Simple Text Query<br />eXtyles® Automated Reference Checking<br />
  20. 20. Best PracticesUpdates and Versions<br />Major version – updates affect interpretation. Publisher will notify readers that content has changed. E.g.<br />errata<br />corrigenda<br />new editions<br />Minor version – unlikely to affect a interpretation. No publisher notification. <br />
  21. 21. Signaling Versions of Record<br />Watch for CrossMark Version of Record Service later this year<br />http://www.crossref.org/crossmark/<br />
  22. 22. Best PracticesUpdates and Versions<br />Do assign new CrossRefDOIs to new major versions or editions of books, chapters and entries. <br /> Older versions remain available online with links to the latest version. <br />Do not assign new CrossRefDOIs to minor new versions of books, chapters and entries.<br />Use CrossRef Multiple Resolution where appropriate to enable multiple URLs to be associated with one CrossRef DOI.<br />
  23. 23. Best Practices: Citation MatchingBook Title Queries<br />Minimum query:<br />book title <br />book author <br />book year <br />And as many as possible of these:<br />editor (where appropriate) <br />book title <br />year <br />publisher <br />
  24. 24. Best Practices: Citation MatchingChapter or Reference Entry Queries <br />Minimum query:<br />book title <br />book year <br />chapter author <br />first page <br />And as many as possible of these:<br />editor (where appropriate) <br />book title <br />year <br />publisher <br />chapter author (where appropriate) <br />chapter title <br />chapter first page <br />
  25. 25. Find Complete Best Practices Here<br />http://www.crossref.org/06members/best_practices_for_books.html<br />
  26. 26. DOI syntax<br />
  27. 27. DOI Suffixes: Use ISBN for Book Titles<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. Displaying CrossRef DOIs in Book Citations<br />The DOI should appear at the end of the reference<br />The DOI should be encoded as a hyperlink <br />Example:<br />Corrigan, John. Religion and Emotion - Approaches and Interpretations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Oxford Scholarship Online. Oxford University Press. 2005.http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195166248.001.0001 <br />Note: This is a change from the previous format <br /> doi:10.1093/0195166248.001.0001<br />
  30. 30. Style Manuals<br />Provide the DOI, if one has been assigned to the content…. Use this format for the DOI in references:<br />doi:xxxxxx<br />Section 6.32 <br />Providing Publication Data for Electronic Sources<br />Publication Manual of the APA, page 191.<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Multiple resolution<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. There are DOIs that are not CrossRefDOIs<br />Other Registration Agencies have assigned DOIs to books for supply chain purposes. <br />More information is available here:<br />http://www.crossref.org/06members/otherdoifaq.html<br />
  37. 37. Multi-linking DOIs from Bowker<br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39. DepositingCrossRef Book DOIs<br />Metadata required for book DOI registration is described in the schema, sections 6-8<br />http://www.crossref.org/schema/deposit/crossref4.3.0.xsd<br />and in the documentation at:<br />http://www.crossref.org/schema/info/CrossRefSchemaDocumentation4.1.0.pdf<br />
  40. 40. Steps to deposit<br />Determine the type of information you want to upload.<br />Create the XML file to upload using the CrossRef deposit schema.  <br />Verify your XML:<br />http://www.crossref.org/02publishers/parser.html<br />Decide whether you want to upload the file synchronously (manually) or asynchronously (programmatically).<br />Pick the submission mechanism you want to use:<br />CrossRef web interface (synchronous)<br />Java or Perl scripts (asynchronous)<br />CrossRefVBClient<br />Web deposit form <br />Submit the file(s).<br />
  41. 41. Book Title Level Metadata<br />Required data includes:<br />Type: edited book, reference, monograph, or other<br />Title <br />Publisher <br />Publication date<br />ISBN<br />Optional data includes:<br />series title, and series ISSN*<br />volume and edition numbers<br />Book DOI and URL<br />* If you include a series title it must have an ISSN<br />
  42. 42. ISSNs& ISBNs in CrossRef Schema<br />ISSNs are assignable to a series title and not book title.<br />ISSN is directly bound to series title and must be present in series<br />ISSN check digit will be verified upon deposit – invalid ISSNs will be rejected <br />Volume is mandatory if series_metadata is present and volume level title is NOT present<br />Titles and ISSNs/ISBNs in deposit must match titles associated with ISSNs/ISBNs in the system <br />New titles will create a title entry in the system – updates/additions to this title must remain consistent<br />Contact support@crossref.org to change titles<br />
  43. 43. Chapter Level Metadata<br />Required data includes:<br />Chapter title<br />DOI and URL<br />Optional data:<br />Contributors<br />Pagination<br />Component number<br />
  44. 44. Web Deposit Form<br />Manual DOI registration for books<br />System builds XML deposit file<br />http://www.crossref.org/webDeposit/<br />
  45. 45. XML deposit<br />Sample XML is available:<br />Monograph:<br />http://www.crossref.org/schema/info/samples/4.3.0_samples/monograph430.xml<br />Series:<br />http://www.crossref.org/schema/info/samples/4.3.0_samples/book_series430.xml<br />
  46. 46. Simple-Text Query<br />A freely available, non-XML alternative for reference linking<br />A custom version of Inera’s eXtyles® refXpress parses unstructured references into granular, valid XML and returns any matching DOIs for those references<br />
  47. 47.
  48. 48. CrossRef Search Plugin<br />
  49. 49. The future is now: Cited-by Linking for books<br />
  50. 50. How much? 2011 Deposit Fees for Books<br />Current Material<br />Titles: $1.00<br />Chapters/entries < 250 per title: 25 cents<br />Chapters/entries > 250 per title: 15 cents<br />Chapters/entries > 10,000 items: 12 cents<br />Backfiles<br />All content types: 15 cents<br />More than 1 million records: 12 cents<br />No additional membership fee<br />
  51. 51. What’s Next <br />Strategies for dealing with mobile content<br />Working with ebook aggregators<br />Best practices for common ebook format metadata<br />
  52. 52. Thank you!<br />cmeyer@crossref.org<br />

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