CrossCheck Overview for EASE

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Presented at the European Association of Science Editors Conference in Pisa, Italy on September 17th 2009

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CrossCheck Overview for EASE

  1. 1. “Plagiarize!” Kirsty Meddings CrossRef European Association of Science Editors September 17th 2009
  2. 2. “Plagiarize, Let no one else’s work evade your eyes, Remember why the good Lord made your eyes, So don’t shade your eyes, But plagiarize, plagiarize, plagiarize...” - Tom Lehrer, “Lobachevsky”
  3. 3. Academic Press, a Harcourt Company American Association for the Advancement of Science American Institute of Physics Association for Computing Machinery Blackwell Science Elsevier Science The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Kluwer Academic Publishers Nature Oxford University Press Springer-Verlag John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  4. 4. Photo: `R4cH3L on Flickr
  5. 5. 10.1098/rstl.1665.0001
  6. 6. User clicks on CrossRef DOI reference link in Journal A Tani, N., N. Tomaru, M. Araki, AND K. Ohba. 1996. Genetic diversity and differentiation in populations of Japanese stone pine (Pinus pumila) in Japan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1454–1462.[CrossRef]
  7. 7. User clicks on CrossRef DOI reference link in Journal A Tani, N., N. Tomaru, M. Araki, AND K. Ohba. 1996. Genetic diversity and differentiation in populations of Japanese stone pine (Pinus pumila) in Japan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1454–1462.[CrossRef] DOI directory returns URL
  8. 8. User clicks on User accesses CrossRef DOI cited article in reference link in Journal B Journal A Tani, N., N. Tomaru, M. Araki, AND K. Ohba. 1996. Genetic diversity and differentiation in populations of Japanese stone pine (Pinus pumila) in Japan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1454–1462.[CrossRef] DOI directory returns URL
  9. 9. 2,843 publishers and societies 38,104,388 content items with DOIs 20,719 journals 84,000 books 16,000 conference proceedings
  10. 10. 30,000,000
  11. 11. 12 staff (3 UK, 9 USA) 16 person Board of Directors, cross-section of publishers Working groups and committees
  12. 12. "CrossRef is a not-for-pro t membership association whose mission is to enable easy identi cation and use of trustworthy electronic content by promoting the cooperative development and application of a sustainable infrastructure."
  13. 13. "CrossRef is a not-for-pro t membership association whose mission is to enable easy identi cation and use of trustworthy electronic content by promoting the cooperative development and application of a sustainable infrastructure."
  14. 14. Plagiarism: the practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own The New Oxford Dictionary of English
  15. 15. ctrl + c ctrl + v
  16. 16. Titus et al., “Repairing Research Integrity”, Nature vol. 453, June 2008
  17. 17. Titus et al., “Repairing Research Integrity”, Nature vol. 453, June 2008 8.7% of surveyed scientists reported observing misconduct
  18. 18. Titus et al., “Repairing Research Integrity”, Nature vol. 453, June 2008 8.7% of surveyed scientists reported observing misconduct 36% suspected plagiarism
  19. 19. Titus et al., “Repairing Research Integrity”, Nature vol. 453, June 2008 8.7% of surveyed scientists reported observing misconduct 36% suspected plagiarism “an alarming picture of under-reporting”
  20. 20. Titus et al., “Repairing Research Integrity”, Nature vol. 453, June 2008 8.7% of surveyed scientists reported observing misconduct 36% suspected plagiarism “an alarming picture of under-reporting”
  21. 21. http://spore.swmed.edu/dejavu/
  22. 22. Deja Vu August 2009
  23. 23. Deja Vu 238 pairs of articles with high similarity and no shared authors August 2009
  24. 24. Deja Vu 238 pairs of articles with high similarity and no shared authors 1602 pairs with high similarity and one or more shared authors August 2009
  25. 25. Deja Vu 238 pairs of articles with high similarity and no shared authors 1602 pairs with high similarity and one or more shared authors 588 pairs that eTBLAST agged that are in fact legitimate August 2009
  26. 26. "I fully endorse your proposal that publishers everywhere use text recognition software. This will be a useful at-source deterrent, as you point out... biomedical journals should at least have the standards widely used in today's high schools!" Author of plagiarised article found by Garner et al. using eTBLAST
  27. 27. “In the future I hope that every article submitted to every journal can be scrutinized prior to review by similar software. In the meantime we can only rely on the expertise of our reviewers, which by nature will not encompass every known article previously published on a particular subject. …” Editor of a journal that published a plagiarised article found by Garner et al. using eTBLAST
  28. 28. "CrossRef is a not-for-pro t membership association whose mission is to enable easy identi cation and use of trustworthy electronic content by promoting the cooperative development and application of a sustainable infrastructure."
  29. 29. 2006: CrossRef board raises plagiarism as area of concern Late 2007/ early 2008: pilot with seven publishers and technology partner iParadigms June 2008: CrossCheck launched
  30. 30. Plagiarism Detection
  31. 31. Plagiarism Detection
  32. 32. plagiarism [play‐jă‐rizm], the theft of ideas... or of written passages or works, where these are passed off as one's own work without acknowledgement of their true origin... Plagiarism is not always easily separable from imitation, adaptation, or pastiche, but is usually distinguished by its dishonest intention. http://www.answers.com/plagiarism
  33. 33. Legitimate Duplication
  34. 34. Software that analyses and compares text Database of content to check text against
  35. 35. ● AB SVENSK PAPPERSTIDNING ● ACADEMY OF TRAUMATOLOGY ● ACTA DERMATO-VENEREOLOGICA ● ACTA PRESS ● AGRICULTURAL HISTORY SOCIETY ● AHRC RESEARCH CENTRE ● AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION ● AIS EDUCATOR ASSOCIATION ● AKADEMIAI KIADO RT ● ALEXANDRINE PRESS ● ALLERTON PRESS ● ALPHAMED PRESS ● AMERICAN ACADEMY OF IMPLANT DENTISTRY ● AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS ● AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PERIODONTOLOGY ● AMERICAN ACCOUNTING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CANCER RESEARCH ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CLINICAL CHEMISTRY ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE (AAAS) (the publisher of SCIENCE) ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PETROLEUM GEOLOGISTS (AAPG/DATAPAGES) ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENTISTS ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION ON MENTAL RETARDATION ● AMERICAN BOARD OF FAMILY MEDICINE ● AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (ACS) ● AMERICAN CLEFT PALATE ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CHEST PHYSICIANS ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF MEDICAL PHYSICS (ACMP) ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY PATHOLOGISTS ● AMERICAN DAIRY SCIENCE ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN DENTAL SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOGY ● AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN FISHERIES SOCIETY ● AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION (AGU) ● AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS (AIAA) ● AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (AIP) ● AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY ● AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE ● AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY (AMS) ● AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PEANUT RESEARCH AND EDUCATION SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PHARMACISTS ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY (APS) ● AMERICAN PHYSICAL THERAPY ASSOCIATION (APTA) ● AMERICAN PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC PUBLISHING ● AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (APA) ● AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ROENTGEN RAY SOCIETY ● AMERICAN SCHOOL OF CLASSICAL STUDIES AT ATHENS ● AMERICAN SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS ● AMERICAN SCIENTIST ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (ASBMB) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CELL BIOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL INVESTIGATION (ASCI) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL PATHOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL NEUROTHERAPEUTICS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INVESTIGATIVE PATHOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MICROBIOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ANDROLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ANIMAL SCIENCE ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (ASCO) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEALTH SYSTEM PHARMACISTS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEMATOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLANT BIOLOGISTS (ASPB) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLANT TAXONOMISTS ● AMERICAN SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY ● AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ● AMMONS SCIENTIFIC ● THE ANGLE ORTHODONTIST ● ANNALS OF FAMILY MEDICINE ● ANNUAL REVIEWS ● ARNOLD PUBLISHERS ● ASM INTERNATIONAL ● ASME INTERNATIONAL ● ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS ● ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY (ACM) ● ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH IN VISION AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (ARVO) ● ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION ● ASSOCIATION FOR VASCULAR ACCESS ● ASSOCIATION OF LEARNED AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETY PUBLISHERS (ALPSP) ● ASTM INTERNATIONAL ● ATLANTIS PRESS ● AUSTRALIAN ACADEMIC PRESS ● AUSTRALIAN COMPUTER SOCIETY ● BAYWOOD PUBLISHING COMPANY INC. ● BC DECKER INC. ● BEECH TREE PUBLISHING ● BEGELL HOUSE ● BELLWETHER PUBLISHING ● BENTHAM SCIENCE ● BERGHAHN BOOKS ● BERKELEY ELECTRONIC PRESS ● BIOLOGICAL PROCEDURES ONLINE ● BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. ● BIOONE ● BIOPHYSICAL SOCIETY ● BIOSCIENTIFICA ● BLACKHORSE PUBLISHING ● BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP ● BRILL ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS ● BRITISH EDITORIAL SOCIETY OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY ● BRITISH INSTITUTE OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING ● BRITISH INSTITUTE OF RADIOLOGY ● BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● BULLETIN OF THE ATOMIC SCIENTISTS ● CABI PUBLISHING ● CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE FOR HUMAN SCIENCE ● CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS (CUP) ● CANADIAN ACADEMIC ACCOUNTING ASSOCIATION ● CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS ● CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ● CANADIAN METEOROLOGICAL AND OCEANOGRAPHIC SOCIETY ● CANADIAN OPTHALMOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● CARDEN JENNINGS PUBLISHING CO. ● CARL HANSER VERLAG ● CARTOGRAPHY AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SOCIETY ● CELL STRESS SOCIETY INTERNATIONAL ● CENTER FOR PSYCHIATRIC REHABILITATION ● CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION ● CENTRAALBUREAU VOOR SCHIMMELCULTURES ● CENTRE FOR BIOSCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS ● CFA INSTITUTE ● CLAY MINERALS SOCIETY ● COLD SPRING HARBOR LABORATORY PRESS (CSHL) ● COLLEGE ART ASSOCIATION ● COMMON GROUND ● COMMONWEALTH FORESTRY ASSOCIATION ● THE COMPANY OF BIOLOGISTS ● COMPARATIVE LEGISLATIVE RESEARCH CENTER ● COMPETENCE NETWORK PEDIATRIC ONCOLOGY & HEMATOLOGY ● CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL ● CORNELL LABORATORY OF ORNITHOLOGY ● CROP SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● CSIRO PUBLISHING ● CURRENT BIODATA ● CZECH GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● CZECH GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ● DAAAM INTERNATIONAL ● DARTMOUTH COLLEGE LIBRARY ● DATA TRACE PUBLISHING COMPANY ● DEPARTMENT OF BIOMEDICAL IMAGING, UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA ● DEPARTMENT OF POLYMER ENGINEERING, SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, (BME) ● DIETITIANS OF CANADA ● DOVE MEDICAL PRESS ● DOWN SYNDROME EDUCATIONAL TRUST ● DUKE UNIVERSITY PRESS ● E-MED LTD. ● ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● ECOMED PUBLISHERS ● EDICIONES DOYMA ● EDP SCIENCES ● THE ELECTROMAGNETICS ACADEMY ● ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY ● ELSEVIER ● EMERALD (formerly MCB UP) ● EMW PUBLISHING ● THE ENDOCRINE SOCIETY ● ENGLISH LITERATURE IN TRANSITION ● ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES ● EPI SCP (EL PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION) ● EPP PUBLICATIONS LTD. ● EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL LTD. ● EQUINOX PUBLISHING LTD. ● ERDKUNDE ● ESTONIAN ACADEMY PUBLISHERS ● EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF AQUATIC MAMMALS ● EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY ● EUROPEAN OPTICAL SOCIETY ● EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY SOCIETY ● FACULTY OF FAMILY PLANNING AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE ● FDI WORLD DENTAL PRESS LTD. ● FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SOCIETIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (FASEB) ● THE FEINSTEIN INSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL RESEARCH ● FIBRE DIFFRACTION REVIEW ● FISHERIES SCIENCES.COM ● FORUM FOR GLOBAL HEALTH PROTECTION ● FRAUNHOFER-INSTITUT FUR MATERIALFLUSS UND LOGISTIK ● FRONTIERS IN BIOSCIENCE ● FUNDACION INFANCIA Y APRENDIZAJE ● FUTURE DRUGS ● FUTURE MEDICINE LTD ● GAZI UNIVERSITY - TECHNICAL EDUCATION FACULTY ● THE GENETICS SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA (GSA) ● GEOPHYSICAL CENTER OF THE RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ● GEOSCIENCEWORLD ● GUILFORD PUBLICATIONS ● GUNTHER EYSENBACH, JMIR PUBLICATIONS ● GWV FACHVERLAGE GmbH/VIEWEG PUBLISHING ● THE ALAN GUTTMACHER INSTITUTE ● HARVEY WHITNEY BOOKS CO. ● THE HAWORTH PRESS, INC. ● HEALTH AFFAIRS (PROJECT HOPE) ● HELDREF PUBLICATIONS ● THE HIGHER EDUCATION ELECTRONIC & AUDIO-VIDEO PRESS ● HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION ● THE HISTOCHEMICAL SOCIETY ● THE HISTORIC BRASS SOCIETY ● HOGREFE & HUBER PUBLISHING GROUP ● HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY ● HUMANA PRESS ● IFIS PUBLISHING ● ILLUMINATING ENGINEERING SOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICA (IESNA) ● IM PUBLICATIONS ● IMPROBABLE RESEARCH INC. ● INDERSCIENCE ENTERPRISES ● INDIANA UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR GENOMICS AND BIOINFORMATICS ● INDIANA UNIVERSITY MATHEMATICS JOURNAL ● INDIANA UNIVERSITY PRESS ● INFORMA UK LIMITED ● INSTITUTE FOR OPERATIONS RESEARCH AND THE MANAGEMENT SCIENCES (INFORMS) ● INSTITUTION OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS ● INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (IET) ● THE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (IEEE) ● INSTITUTE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC ● INSTITUTE OF PHYSICAL OPTICS ● INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (IOP) ● INSTITUTE OF PURE AND APPLIED PHYSICS (IPAP) ● INSTITUTE OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES ● INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM- MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL ● INTEL CORPORATION ● INTELLECT ● INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING (IABSE) ● INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES ● INTERNATIONAL BONE AND MINERAL SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF AUTOMATIC CONTROL ● INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE ● INTERNATIONAL GLACIOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL HORMESIS SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOANALYSIS, LONDON ● INTERNATIONAL LIFE SCIENCES INSTITUTE ● INTERNATIONAL PHYCOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL READING ASSOCIATION ● INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF ENDOVASCULAR SPECIALISTS ● INTERNATIONAL UNION OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (IUCr) ● INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY (IUPAC) ● IWA PUBLISHING ● JAPAN LASER PROCESSING SOCIETY ● JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY (JST) ● JOHN BENJAMINS PUBLISHING COMPANY ● JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS (Project Muse) ● JOHNSON GRADUATE SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT, CORNELL UNIVERSITY ● JOHNSON MATTHEY ● JORNAL DE PEDIATRIA ● JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY ● JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY PUBLISHING GROUP (JNSPG) ● JOURNAL OF MARINE RESEARCH/YALE UNIVERSITY ● JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC & SPORTS PHYSICAL THERAPY ● JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (JRRD) ● JOURNAL OF ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY SCIENCE ● JSTOR ● S. KARGER AG ● LAMAZE INTERNATIONAL ● LANDSCAPE ONLINE ● LASER PAGES PUBLISHING LTD. ● LAVOISIER ● LIBRAPHARM ● LOGICAL METHODS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE ● LOGOS INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING EDUCATION FOUNDATION ● M.E. SHARPE INC. ● MANEY PUBLISHING ● MARS INFORMATICS ● MARSHFIELD CLINIC ● MARY ANN LIEBERT ● MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY ● MATHEMATICAL SCIENCE PUBLISHERS ● MBLWHOI LIBRARY "WOODS HOLE OPEN ACCESS SERVER" ● MCFARLAND & COMPANY INC., PUBLISHERS ● MCON INC. ● MEDICAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION ● MEN'S STUDIES PRESS LLC ● MILBANK MEMORIAL FUND ● THE MINERALOGICAL SOCIETY ● MIT PRESS ● MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA ● MOHR SIEBECK e.k. ● MONASH UNIVERSITY EPRESS ● MORGAN & CLAYPOOL PUBLISHERS LLC ● MTT AGRIFOOD RESEARCH FINLAND ● MULTILINGUAL MATTERS LTD ● MULTI-SCIENCE PUBLISHING CO LTD. ● NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR BUSINESS ECONOMICS ● NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOL NURSES ● NATIONAL INQUIRY SERVICES CENTRE/AFRICAN JOURNALS ONLINE (NISC/AJOL) ● NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE (NIDA) ● NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF INFORMATICS ● NATIONAL LIBRARY OF SERBIA ● NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL CANADA (NRCC) ● NATIONAL SCIENCE TEACHERS ASSOCIATION ● NATIONAL STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING ASSOCIATION ● NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP ● NEPAL JOURNALS ONLINE ● NEOPLASIA PRESS ● NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ● NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ● NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES ORGANIZATION ● NOW PUBLISHERS INC. ● NUCLEAR RECEPTOR SIGNALING ATLAS ● OCEANSIDE PUBLICATIONS INC. ● OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION ● OLDENBOURG WISSENSCHAFTSVERLAG GMBH ● ONCOLOGY NURSING SOCIETY ● OPERATIVE DENTISTRY ● OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● OSTERREICHISCHE AKADEMIE DER WISSENSCHAFTEN, VERLAG ● OXFORD INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHERS ● OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS (OUP) ● PACIFIC NORTHWEST FUNGI PROJECT ● PATRICIA SEYBOLD GROUP ● PEETERS PUBLISHERS ● PHARMACEUTICAL PRESS ● PHARMACOTHERAPY PUBLICATIONS, INC. ● PHORTE EDITORA ● PIERS ENTERPRISE ● PION, LTD ● PLEIADES PUBLISHING ● THE POLICY PRESS, UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL ● PORTLAND PRESS ● PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (PNAS) ● PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING PUBLISHING ● PROJECT EUCLID ● PROTEIN DATA BANK, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY ● PROUS SCIENCE ● THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE ● QUESTIONS PUBLISHING ● RADIOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICA ● RADIOLOGY CASE REPORTS ● RESEARCH FOUNDATION OF THE CFA INSTITUTE ● RESEARCH INFORMATION LTD. ● RILEM PUBLICATIONS SARL ● THE ROCKEFELLER UNIVERSITY PRESS ● ROYAL COLLEGE OF OBSTETRICIANS AND GYNAECOLOGISTS ● ROYAL COLLEGE OF PSYCHIATRISTS ● THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS OF ENGLAND ● THE ROYAL SOCIETY ● THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF CHEMISTRY (RSC) ● THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF MEDICINE ● RURAL SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● SAGE PUBLICATIONS ● SCHATTAUER GMBH ● SCHWEIZERBART ● SCIDEA LTD. ● SCIELO/PAHO/WHO ● SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS ● SCIENCE REVIEWS 2000 LTD. ● SCIENCE SOCIETY OF THAILAND ● SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL PUBLISHERS LTD ● SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● SHERBORNE GIBBS LTD ● SOCIAL SCIENCE ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING, INC ● SOCIEDADE PORTUGUESA DE VIDA SELVAGEM ● SOCIETE DE PATHOLOGIE EXOTIQUE ● SOCIETY FOR APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY ● SOCIETY FOR BIOMEDICAL DIABETES RESEARCH ● SOCIETY FOR ENDOCRINOLOGY ● SOCIETY FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR ● SOCIETY FOR GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY ● SOCIETY FOR IMAGING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ● SOCIETY FOR INDUSTRIAL AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS ● SOCIETY FOR LEUKOCYTE BIOLOGY ● SOCIETY FOR NEUROSCIENCE ● SOCIETY FOR PEDIATRIC PATHOLOGY ● THE SOCIETY FOR SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY ● SOCIETY FOR THE STUDY OF REPRODUCTION ● THE SOCIETY OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY ● SOCIETY OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE ● SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS ● SOCIETY OF RHEOLOGY ● SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY ● SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● SPIE - THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING ● SPRINGER PUBLISHING COMPANY ● SPRINGER SCIENCE + BUSINESS MEDIA (Kluwer Academic Publishers) ● STEWART POSTHARVEST SOLUTIONS ● SWISS CHEMICAL SOCIETY ● SWISS FORESTRY SOCIETY ● SYMPOSIUM JOURNALS ● TASH ● TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES ● THEOLOGICAL RESEARCH EXCHANGE NETWORK ● THIEME PUBLISHING GROUP ● THOMAS LAND PUBLISHERS ● THOMAS TELFORD LTD. ● TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD ● TURPION ● UBC PRESS ● UITGEVERIJ BOOM ● UNITED KINGDOM SERIALS GROUP (UKSG) ● UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A CHICOUTIMI ● UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA ● UNIVERSITY OF BATH ● UNIVERSITY OF CADIZ LIBRARY ● UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS ● THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS ● UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PRESS INC. ● UNIVERSITY OF VETERINARY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES ● UNIVERSITY OF ZAGREB - UNIVERSITY COMPUTING CENTRE ● US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY (USGS) ● USDA FOREST SERVICE ● VATHEK PUBLISHING ● VERSITA ● VIETICA INC. ● VIETNAM JOURNALS ONLINE ● VITTORIO KLOSTERMANN GMBH ● WALTER DE GRUYTER GMBH & CO. KG ● WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION ● WESTBURN PUBLISHERS LTD ● WILDERNESS MEDICAL SOCIETY ● WHO PRESS ● JOHN WILEY & SONS ● WHITE HORSE PRESS ● WITPRESS LTD. ● WOLTERS KLUWER HEALTH ● WOODHEAD PUBLISHING LTD. ● WORLD ADVERTISING RESEARCH CENTER ● THE WORLD BANK ● THE WORLD CONSERVATION UNION (IUCN) ● WORLD SCIENTIFIC ●
  36. 36. ACADEMY OF PERIODONTOLOGY ● AMERICAN ACCOUNTING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CANCER RESEARCH ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CLINICAL CHEMISTRY ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE (AAAS) (the publisher of SCIENCE) ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PETROLEUM GEOLOGISTS (AAPG/DATAPAGES) ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENTISTS ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION ON MENTAL RETARDATION ● AMERICAN BOARD OF FAMILY MEDICINE ● AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (ACS) ● AMERICAN CLEFT PALATE ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CHEST PHYSICIANS ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF MEDICAL PHYSICS (ACMP) ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY PATHOLOGISTS ● AMERICAN DAIRY SCIENCE ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN DENTAL SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOGY ● AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN FISHERIES SOCIETY ● AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION (AGU) ● AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS (AIAA) ● AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (AIP) ● AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY ● AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE ● AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY (AMS) ● AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PEANUT RESEARCH AND EDUCATION SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PHARMACISTS ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY (APS) ● AMERICAN PHYSICAL THERAPY ASSOCIATION (APTA) ● AMERICAN PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC PUBLISHING ● AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (APA) ● AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ROENTGEN RAY SOCIETY ● AMERICAN SCHOOL OF CLASSICAL STUDIES AT ATHENS ● AMERICAN SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS ● AMERICAN SCIENTIST ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (ASBMB) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CELL BIOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL INVESTIGATION (ASCI) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL PATHOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL NEUROTHERAPEUTICS ● AMERICAN 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KG ● WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION ● WESTBURN PUBLISHERS LTD ● WILDERNESS MEDICAL SOCIETY ● WHO PRESS ● JOHN WILEY & SONS ● WHITE HORSE PRESS ● WITPRESS LTD. ● WOLTERS KLUWER HEALTH ● WOODHEAD PUBLISHING LTD. ● WORLD ADVERTISING RESEARCH CENTER ● THE WORLD BANK ● THE WORLD CONSERVATION UNION (IUCN) ● WORLD SCIENTIFIC ●
  37. 37. Technology Est. 1996 8,500 schools, colleges & universities worldwide
  38. 38. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No
  39. 39. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No On Submission?
  40. 40. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No On Submission? Triage?
  41. 41. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No Prior to acceptance? On Submission? Triage?
  42. 42. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No Prior to acceptance? Author? On Submission? Triage?
  43. 43. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No
  44. 44. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No $£€¥
  45. 45. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No $£€¥ #
  46. 46. 60 publishers 23 million content items indexed 27,000 titles 3-4000 manuscripts checked per month
  47. 47. ACTA Press IMAPS American Academy of Pediatrics Inderscience American Association for the Advancement of Science INFORMS American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers American Geophysical Union International Union of Crystallography American Institute of Physics IOP Publishing American Physical Society Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery American Psychological Association Journal of Histochemistry American Society for Microbiology Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group American Society of Neuroradiology Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE American Society of Plant Biologists King Abdulaziz University Scienti c Publishing Centre Ammons Scienti c LWW / Wolters Kluwer Health Annual Reviews Mary Ann Liebert Association for Computing Machinery Nature Publishing Group Australian Academic Press New England Journal of Medicine BioMed Central Oncology Nursing Society BioScienti ca Optical Society of America BMJ Publishing Group Oxford University Press British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing Poultry Science Association Cambridge University Press RMIT Publishing Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine Rockefeller University Press Commonwealth Forestry Association Royal Irish Academy Digital Science Press (Urotoday International Journal) ScienceAsia, Mahidol University EDP Sciences Society for Endocrinology Elsevier Society for Industrial & Applied Mathematics Environmental Health Perspectives Springer Science + Business Media European Respiratory Society Journals Taylor & Francis (Informa) Fundacion Infancia & Aprendizaje The Royal Society Geological Society of America Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Hindawi Publishing Corporation Wiley-Blackwell
  48. 48. Deterrence Factor
  49. 49. CrossCheck Community Users’ email discussion list CrossRef support Formation of guidelines, best practices etc.
  50. 50. What constitutes Plagiarism?
  51. 51. What constitutes Plagiarism? http://ori.dhhs.gov/education/products/plagiarism/ Plagiarism Self-plagiarism “Lesser crimes of writing”
  52. 52. Plagiarism Of ideas Of text Inappropriate paraphrasing Common knowledge
  53. 53. Self-plagiarism Redundant/duplicate/dual publication Data fragmentation (“salami slicing”) Can be copyright violation
  54. 54. “Lesser Crimes” “...limited use of identical or nearly-identical phrases which describe a commonly-used methodology” “Careless” citation Inadequate attribution
  55. 55. “Anticipatory Plagiarism” “When someone steals your original idea and publishes it a hundred years before you were born.” Robert Merton
  56. 56. Culture & Language Non-native speakers of English Western view of plagiarism vs other cultures
  57. 57. Dealing with Plagiarism
  58. 58. Dealing with Plagiarism Office of Research Integrity http://ori.dhhs.gov/misconduct/index.shtml
  59. 59. Dealing with Plagiarism Office of Research Integrity http://ori.dhhs.gov/misconduct/index.shtml Committee on Publication Ethics http://publicationethics.org/ owcharts
  60. 60. Dealing with Plagiarism Office of Research Integrity http://ori.dhhs.gov/misconduct/index.shtml Committee on Publication Ethics http://publicationethics.org/ owcharts Council of Science Editors http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/ editorial_policies/white_paper.cfm
  61. 61. Repercussions
  62. 62. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  63. 63. “We DID NOT give any permission to duplicate or publish our articles... I can't imagine how it is possible that people DO things like that.” http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  64. 64. “We DID NOT give any permission to duplicate or publish our articles... I can't imagine how it is possible that people DO things like that.” “The physicians in this instance were scoundrels.” http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  65. 65. “We DID NOT give any permission to duplicate or publish our articles... I can't imagine how it is possible that people DO things like that.” “The physicians in this instance were scoundrels.” “They simply stole our paper! They ought to go to jail or at least get out of the research business. But they are probably Full Professors by now and immune from any guilt. What a travesty!” http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  66. 66. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  67. 67. “To be honest with you, I was not aware of the fact that I need to take prior permission of the authors of the original article.” http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  68. 68. “To be honest with you, I was not aware of the fact that I need to take prior permission of the authors of the original article.” “I had not intention to duplicate ideas, but only to divide previous experience of masters in [specialty area]… Some phrases were similar to that of the previous article written 4 years before... in fact that article inspired our work. I seize the opportunity to congratulate [the authors of the original publication] for their previous and fundamental paper. … It isn't a case of duplicate publication, because our work is based on our own cases.” http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  69. 69. “To be honest with you, I was not aware of the fact that I need to take prior permission of the authors of the original article.” “I had not intention to duplicate ideas, but only to divide previous experience of masters in [specialty area]… Some phrases were similar to that of the previous article written 4 years before... in fact that article inspired our work. I seize the opportunity to congratulate [the authors of the original publication] for their previous and fundamental paper. … It isn't a case of duplicate publication, because our work is based on our own cases.” [99% text similarity, 100% references shared] http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/323/5919/1293/DC1
  70. 70. “Plagarize! Plagiarize, Let no one else’s work evade your eyes, Remember why the good Lord made your eyes, So don’t shade your eyes, But plagiarize, plagiarize, plagiarize - - Tom Lehrer, “Lobachevsky”
  71. 71. “Plagarize! Plagiarize, Let no one else’s work evade your eyes, Remember why the good Lord made your eyes, So don’t shade your eyes, But plagiarize, plagiarize, plagiarize - Only be sure always to call it please ‘research’.” - Tom Lehrer, “Lobachevsky”
  72. 72. More information http://www.crossref.org/crosscheck.html kmeddings@crossref.org Thank You

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