CrossCheck Update for COPE Annual Seminar

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An update on the CrossCheck plagiarism screening project for the Committee on Publication Ethics' Annual Meeting

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CrossCheck Update for COPE Annual Seminar

  1. 1. Kirsty Meddings, CrossRef COPE Seminar, 26th March 2010
  2. 2. Academic Press, a Harcourt Company American Association for the Advancement of Science American Institute of Physics Association for Computing Machinery Blackwell Science Elsevier Science The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Kluwer Academic Publishers Nature Publishing Group Oxford University Press Springer-Verlag John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  3. 3. 10.1098/rstl.1665.0001
  4. 4. User clicks on CrossRef DOI reference link in Journal A Tani, N., N. Tomaru, M. Araki, AND K. Ohba. 1996. Genetic diversity and differentiation in populations of Japanese stone pine (Pinus pumila) in Japan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1454–1462.[CrossRef]
  5. 5. User clicks on CrossRef DOI reference link in Journal A Tani, N., N. Tomaru, M. Araki, AND K. Ohba. 1996. Genetic diversity and differentiation in populations of Japanese stone pine (Pinus pumila) in Japan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1454–1462.[CrossRef] DOI directory returns URL
  6. 6. User clicks on User accesses CrossRef DOI cited article in reference link in Journal B Journal A Tani, N., N. Tomaru, M. Araki, AND K. Ohba. 1996. Genetic diversity and differentiation in populations of Japanese stone pine (Pinus pumila) in Japan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1454–1462.[CrossRef] DOI directory returns URL
  7. 7. 3,002 publishers and societies 40,631,707 content items with DOIs 21,488 journals 103,419 books 17,161 conference proceedings
  8. 8. 30,000,000
  9. 9. "CrossRef is a not-for-pro t membership association whose mission is to enable easy identi cation and use of trustworthy electronic content by promoting the cooperative development and application of a sustainable infrastructure."
  10. 10. "CrossRef is a not-for-pro t membership association whose mission is to enable easy identi cation and use of trustworthy electronic content by promoting the cooperative development and application of a sustainable infrastructure."
  11. 11. 2006: CrossRef board raises plagiarism as area of concern Late 2007/ early 2008: pilot June 2008: CrossCheck launched
  12. 12. Software that analyses and compares text Database of content to check text against
  13. 13. ACTA Press ● American Academy of Pediatrics ● American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) ● American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) ● American Diabetes Association ● American Geophysical Union (AGU) ● American Institute of Physics (AIP) ● American Physical Society (APS) ● American Psychological Association ● American Roentgen Ray Society ● American Society for Microbiology ● American Society for Nutrition ● American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR) ● American Society of Plant Biologists ● American Thoracic Society ● Ammons Scienti c ● Annual Reviews ● Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) ● Australian Academic Press ● BioMed Central ● BioScienti ca ● BMJ Publishing Group ● British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing (BINDT) ● Cambridge University Press ● Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine ● Commonwealth Forestry Association ● Croatian Medical Journal ● Digital Science Press (Urotoday International Journal) ● EDP Sciences ● Elsevier ● Environmental Health Perspectives ● European Respiratory Society Journals ● Expert Reviews Ltd ● Fundacion Infancia & Aprendizaje (FIA) ● Future Medicine Ltd ● Future Science Ltd ● Geological Society of America ● Hindawi Publishing Corporation ● IMAPS ● Inderscience ● INFORMS ● Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) ● International Union of Crystallography (IUCr) ● IOP Publishing ● IWA Publishing ● Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery ● Journal of Histochemistry ● Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group ● Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development ● Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE ● King Abdulaziz University Scienti c Publishing Centre ● LWW / Wolters Kluwer Health ● Mary Ann Liebert ● Nature Publishing Group ● New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM/MMS) ● Oncology Nursing Society ● Optical Society of America ● Oxford University Press ● Palgrave Macmillan ● Poultry Science Association ● Professional Engineering Publishing ● RMIT Publishing ● Rockefeller University Press ● Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh ● Royal Irish Academy ● Sage Publications ● ScienceAsia Mahidol University ● Society for Endocrinology ● Society for General Microbiology ● Society for Industrial & Applied Mathematics (SIAM) ● Society of Exploration Geophysicists ● Springer Science + Business Media ● Taylor & Francis (Informa) ● The Royal Society ● TUBITAK ● Versita (CESJ) ● Vilnius Gediminas Technical University ● Wiley-Blackwell
  14. 14. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No
  15. 15. Manuscript Triage Acceptance Submission Yes No Prior to acceptance? Author? On Submission? Triage?
  16. 16. 78 publishers 25 million content items indexed 45,000 titles www.crossref.org/crosscheck.html
  17. 17. 0 1250 2500 3750 5000 Fe b- 09 M ar -0 9 Ap r- 0 9 M ay -0 9 Ju n- 09 Ju l-0 9 Au g- 09 Se p- 09 O ct -0 9 N ov -0 Documents Checked 9 D ec -0 9 Ja n- 10 Fe b- 10
  18. 18. CrossCheck Survey Publisher Pilots Publisher Feedback
  19. 19. CrossCheck Survey October 2009
  20. 20. CrossCheck Survey October 2009 At what point in the editorial process are you checking manuscripts? Pre-submission (author checking) On submission Prior to acceptance Not checking yet Other 0 2 4 6 8 10
  21. 21. CrossCheck Survey October 2009
  22. 22. CrossCheck Survey October 2009 For your particular publication(s), what percentage of manuscripts are you checking or planning to check? All submitted manuscripts A percentage of manuscripts Only those that arouse suspicion Only those that are accepted Other 0 2 4 6 8 10
  23. 23. CrossCheck Survey October 2009
  24. 24. CrossCheck Survey October 2009 Have you detected any plagiarised content using CrossCheck? Yes No Not Sure No response 0 5 10 15
  25. 25. Publisher Pilots At what stage of the editorial process are you using CrossCheck? On submission Publisher A By reviewers Acceptance Publisher B Post-acceptance Only if suspicious More than one of these 0 3 6 9 12 15 On submission After acceptance Other 0 5 10 15 20
  26. 26. Publisher Pilots 48% comfortable with iThenticate software after rst use Further 33% after two to ve uses
  27. 27. Publisher Pilots 50% of testers found suspected plagiarism using iThenticate
  28. 28. Publisher Pilots Based on testing, do you want to continue using iThenticate? 72% Yes 20% Maybe
  29. 29. Positive Feedback
  30. 30. Positive Feedback “This is an invaluable tool and much appreciated by our Editors.”
  31. 31. Positive Feedback “This is an invaluable tool and much appreciated by our Editors.” “By far the most effective and nancially feasible software that I have found.”
  32. 32. Positive Feedback “This is an invaluable tool and much appreciated by our Editors.” “By far the most effective and nancially feasible software that I have found.” “CrossCheck is a valuable tool... Previously I would use Google Scholar, then need to access the journal article to con rm suspicions of plagiarism, which was very time consuming.”
  33. 33. Issues Title: Example Article Number One Authors: S. Smith 8,274 words - 163 matches - 38 sources
  34. 34. “In the long run it has saved enormous amounts of time.”
  35. 35. “A game changer”
  36. 36. Why use CrossCheck?
  37. 37. Why use CrossCheck? Deter would-be plagiarists from submitting to - or copying from - your publications Protect your reputation Increase trust in your content by validating its originality Promote the value of the publishing process
  38. 38. Thank You www.crossref.org/crosscheck.html kmeddings@crossref.org

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