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Comparatives & superlatives (6º)


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Here you have some information to know the superlatives and the comparatives!
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Comparatives & superlatives (6º)

  1. 1. COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES<br />Cristina Ávila López<br />Curso: 2010/2011<br />
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  3. 3. COMPARATIVES I<br />Adjectives<br />Short1,2 syllables<br /> (tall, rich, poor) <br />Adj.-ER + THAN<br />Long 2 or more syllables (polite, interesting, horrible)<br />MORE/LESS+ Adj. + THAN<br />
  4. 4. COMPARATIVES II<br />Sam is big.<br />The ball is bigger than Sam.<br />Colin is big.<br />Rodin is bigger than Colin.<br />SAM<br />COLIN<br />RODIN<br />
  5. 5. COMPARATIVES III<br />BE CAREFULL!! <br />When there is only one vowel before the last letter, double up the last letter and add “-er”. Except if it finished “-w”<br />Hotter than, bigger than, newer than...<br />When the last letter is “-e”, add “-r”<br />Larger than, nicer than<br />When the last letter is “-y”, delete “-y” and add “-ier”<br />Heavier than, funnier than...<br />
  6. 6. COMPARATIVES Iv<br />George is _____ (fat) ____ David.<br />David is _____(thin) ____ George.<br />I’m George<br />I’m David <br />
  7. 7. COMPARATIVES v<br />The cat is ______(lazy) _____ the dog.<br />
  8. 8. COMPARATIVES Vi<br />-Big<br />-Long<br />-Young<br />-Nice<br />-Dangerous <br />COCO<br />TOBY<br />
  9. 9. COMPARATIVES ViI<br />!<br />IRREGULAR VERBS:<br /> -good better<br /> -bad  worse<br /> -far  farther /further<br />
  10. 10. COMPARATIVES ViII<br />My pen is _____ (good) ____ your book<br />His computer is ____ (bad) _____ your computer.<br />That poster is ____ (far) ____ this poster.<br />
  11. 11. COMPARATIVES ix<br />Beautiful, intelligent, blond, polite... <br />
  12. 12. COMPARATIVES x<br />Justin Bieber was born in 1994<br />Miley Cyrus was born in 1992<br />
  13. 13. COMPARATIVES xi<br />When we are talking about people, we can say: than + subject + to be<br />...than I am<br />...than you are<br />...than he/she is<br />But in informal spoken English, we usually prefer: <br />...than me<br />...than you<br />...than him/her/it<br />...than us<br />...than you<br />...than them<br />
  14. 14. COMPARATIVES xii<br />They are richer than me.<br />They are more powerful than you.<br />They are less intelligent than him/her.<br />This family is funnier than them.<br />
  15. 15. COMPARATIVES xIii<br />TO KNOW MORE!<br />We can use a lot/a bit or much/a little before comparatives.<br />Your book is a bit longer than mine.<br />The class is a lot more interesting than sleep. <br />You looks like a bit happier today.<br />
  16. 16. COMPARATIVES xIv<br />TO KNOW MORE!<br /><ul><li>You can also compare adverbs (like adjectives): adv.-eror more/less + adverb
  17. 17. Jo drives more dangerously than Sam
  18. 18. Bill lives nearer to school than Peter, so he gets up later.</li></ul>IRREGULARS:<br />Well better<br />Little less<br />Badly worse<br />A lot/ much more<br />Far farther/ further<br />
  19. 19. COMPARATIVES xv<br />Ben talks to people more politely than Sam<br />Liam works ____ ______ (carefully) ____ John.<br />Simon goes to swimming ___ ____ (often) ____ Karen.<br />My car runs ___ ____(quietly) ____ my sister’s car.<br />
  20. 20.’s your turn!<br />Compare you (or your things) with someone (or his/her things) in the class!<br />Write 5 sentences to compare.<br />
  22. 22. Superlatives i<br />Adjectives<br />Short1,2 syllables<br /> (tall, rich, poor) <br />THE + Adj.-EST<br />Long 2 or more syllables (polite, interesting, horrible)<br />THE+ MOST/LEAST+ Adj.<br />
  23. 23. Superlatives ii<br />The Nile is ___ ______(long) river in the world.<br />The blue whale is ___ ______ (large) animal in the world.<br />A cheetah is ___ ______ (fast) animal in the world.<br />
  24. 24. Superlatives iiI<br />BE CAREFULL!! <br />When there is only one vowel before the last letter, double up the last letter and add “-est”. Except if it finished “-w”<br />The hottest, the biggest, the newest...<br />When the last letter is “-e”, add “-st”<br />The largest, the nicest...<br />When the last letter is “-y”, delete “-y” and add “-ier”<br />The happiest, the heaviest... <br />
  25. 25. Superlatives iv<br />Mexico City is ___ _______ (big) city in the world.<br />The gold is ___ _______ (heavy) metal.<br />Africa is ___ ______(hot) place in the world.<br />Antarctica is ___ _____ (cold) place in the world.<br />Asia is ___ _______ (large) continent.<br />Mount Everest is<br /> ___ _____ (high)<br /> mountain in the world.<br />
  26. 26. Superlatives v<br />!<br />IRREGULAR VERBS:<br /> -good the best<br /> -bad  the worst<br /> -far  the farthest /the furthest<br />
  27. 27. Superlatives vI<br />Who is the funniest character? <br />Who is the most interesting? <br />Who is the heaviest? <br />Who has the biggest nose? <br />Who is the most intelligent?<br />Who is the best character?<br />
  28. 28. Comparatives and superlatives<br />
  29. 29.’s your turn!<br />Write 5 sentences, whatever you want, using the superlative form.<br />