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Descent based slavery

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Class project on modern slavery
If you are interested in seeing the other presentations done by my students visit our class blog
www.cristianaziraldo.altervista.org

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Descent based slavery

  1. 1. Descent Based Slavery By: Claudia, Caylyn, & Michael
  2. 2. Background What does descent based slavery mean, and who is subjected to it? This is a system of exploitation that essentially means you are born into slavery because someone ahead of you (for example- your mother) was already a slave. In turn, you are required to work for your owner or “master” for a lifetime.
  3. 3. Children/Adolescents How are the younger children treated while in bondage? In particular, how are young women and females in general treated? Children are rarely able to escape this system; they are often taken away from their families without their consent. They cannot own land, inherit property, and even if they do manage to get out, they will always be discriminated against, especially in the countries where religion comes into play and even justifies the slavery. Education is nonexistant, and they obviously cannot marry whom they wish. It is very common for girls to be sexually abused at the wishes of their masters. These wealthy men are called “Wahaya” and likely have more than just one of these slave ‘wives’.
  4. 4. The Exchange Itself How does the slave exchange slave work? As property of their masters, these slaves can be sold off or traded whenever their owners see fit. While a wedding gift (in this case women) is one possible way of trading slaves, selling them is another notorious method of keeping the actual exchange alive. For descent-based slaves it makes sense that slaves can also be inherited between family members.
  5. 5. Location Where is descent-based slavery most common? It is most prevalent in West African countries such as: Niger, Mauritania and Mali. Althought we find slavery in these countries, slavery is spread all over the world. Why is it more common in these countries? Even though slavery is internationally illegal, in the above-stated countries, this is such an ingrained part of the society that it almost stands as a cultural norm. The IDSN site adds that “these old forms of slavery are embedded in traditional beliefs and customs as a result of long-standing discrimination against the most vulnerable groups in societies such as: those regarded as being of low caste, tribal minorities and indigenous peoples.”
  6. 6. Real Life Stories Tabass Aborak's story Talak Azgar's story Hadijatou's story These are people who really experienced what descent slavery is all about.
  7. 7. Tabass was just seven years old when she was sold as a slave. During her life she had three different masters. She had to do all the domestic work and serve her master and his legitimate wives. The “wahaya” constantly reminded her of her slave status. “ We had to carry out orders from the master and his wives. Night and day were just the same; each moment that passes brought more work. Only speed and skill in carrying out orders allowed us to avoid the master’s punishments, especially if he was angry at us because of the tales his legitimate wives had been telling him. When this happened we’d be called ‘chegiya’, which means ‘bastard’, or ‘bouzoua’ - ‘useless slave.” Tabass Aborak's story
  8. 8. Talak Azgar's story “He showed me no mercy. He considered me to have no soul. He would force me to have sex with him quickly and secretly, without any warning.” Talak inherited her slave status from her parents. She was just 10 years old when her master bought her. She couldn’t do anything (like going out to play with other children), other than working.Her work damaged her psychologically and physically.
  9. 9. Hadijatou, 24, was born in Nigeria and, like her mother, was sold and made to work without pay. Her ‘master' used her as a sexual slave. He attempted to deny her freedom. She was held in slavery for almost 9 years. With help from members of ‘Anti- Slavery International’, Hadijatou went to court and won the trial, finally earning her freedom. She was compensated for her years as a slave with the equivalent of £12,300. "With the compensation I will be able to build a house, raise animals and farm land to support my family. I will also be able to send my children to school so they can have the education I was never allowed as a slave." Hadijatou's story
  10. 10. Towards Freedom What programs, organizations, or other groups are working to stop this form of slavery? - ABA (American Bar Association) - IDSN (International Dalit Solidarity Network) - The Abolition Institute - Anti-Slavery
  11. 11. Bibliography https://passonthefreedom.wordpress.com/trafficking-in-washington/descent- based-slavery/ http://www.antislavery.org/english/slavery_today/descent_based_slavery/default.a spx http://idsn.org/key-issues/caste-based-slavery/

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