Unit 6 Section 1 &2 People and Terms By Jeremy Hilliard(Period 3)
Pancho Villa• Born June 5, 1878; Died July 20, 1923.• Real name was José Doroteo Arango Arámbula.• He was a General in the Mexican Revolution.• He served the División del Norte (Division of the North).• He is considered a hero in Mexico.
Franz Ferdinand• Born December 18, 1863; Died June 28, 1914.• He was an Archduke of Austria-Este and a Prince over Hungary and Bohemia.• He was also the Heir for the Austro- Hungarian throne.• He got this title when he became twelve after his Duke cousin died.• His assassination is what eventually triggered World War One.
Allies• They were countries opposing the Central Powers in the first World War.• The first three countries(United Kingdom, France and Russia) were originally known as the Triple Entente.• Russia left the Triple Entente, breaking the three up.• Three more countries(United States, Italy and Japan) entered, forming the Allied Nations.• The U.S. entered the war after
Central Powers• A collection of countries opposing the Allied Forces.• The Central Powers consisted of the German, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and Bulgarian Empires.• They were united on June 28, 1914.• They were ended on November 11, 1918.• Each country had their own war treaty.
Sussex Pledge• A agreement made by Germany on May 4, 1916.• It was made after German U-boats destroyed the french ship Sussex.• The terms were that passenger ships would not be shot at and merchant ships were not to be shot at unless weapons were to be found.• It also promised that Merchant ships were not to be attacked without provisions for the crew aboard.
Zimmermann Telegram• It was a secret message sent to a German officer in Mexico.• The proposal inside stated that the Germans would help Mexico take back territories in the U.S. if they stopped them from interfering in the war.• Britain intercepted this message in 1917.• It wasn’t revealed to the Americans until later.• After seeing it, the U.S. declared war on Germany.
War Industries Board• It was an American government agency.• It was founded on July 28, 1917.• It’s main purpose was to organize supplies for the war.• It dealt with helping companies produce supplies through mass- production.• Industrial production went up
Bernard Baruch• Born August 19, 1870; Died June 20, 1965.• He was an American financier and Stock market spectator.• He also served as a statesman and a political consulter.• He advised Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt.• In his later years, he owned a
Liberty Bond• A war bond sold in the U.S.• Owning a bond was considered by many to be a citizen’s duty.• Liberty bonds are still used today.• Many liberty bonds helped in repairing what was destroyed during the 9/11 terrorist attack.• There are a total of two liberty bond acts.
Victory Bond• They are debt securities delivered by governments.• The idea behind victory bonds is that people will give money to support troops in wars when they can’t.• These bonds also helped the government control money until the war was over.• They were usually a lower price value if you bought government issue.• Many countries like the U.S., Britain(pictured) and Canada used these.
Committee on Public Information• Also known as CPI or the Creel Committee.• It was a U.S. agency.• It was made to manipulate participation in war efforts.• From April 13, 1917, to August 21, 1919, it influenced, in many different ways, support of American troops in Europe.• It also helped to get Americans to support against other countries that want to destroy the war aims.