HEALT AND ILLNESS
Health is a state of physical and mental
Illness is the opposite of health
Symptoms like coughs, pain or fever, tell
us that our bodies are ill
1. Sleep 8 or 9 hours every night and
rest when we are tired
2. Eat a balance diet
3. Eat five meals a day
4. Wash our hands before meals
5. Breathe fresh air
TYPE OF ILLNESS
An illness can be:
caused by harmful bacteria
Bacteria are a unicellular micro–organisms
There are two types of bacteria:
Harmful bacteria : CAUSE IlLNESS
cause these illness
OTHER MICROORGANISM They can be unicellular o
They can cause illness.
A virus is not a micro-organism.
It is not a living thing but it needs cells to
carry out its life processes.
Pathogenic micro-organisms can enter our
bodies in different ways:
Through the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Through the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Through WOUNDS and CUTS in the skin
HOW CAN WE PREVENT
Wash your hands before eating or
Wash uncooked food.
Cover your mouth when you cough or
Do no share eating utensils.
Vaccines introduce into our bodies the micro
–organism or virus that is making us ill.
The body reacts to the virus and produces
substances to destroy it.
HOW DO WE TREAT
Infections caused by BACTERIA
are treated with ANTIBIOTICS.
Infections caused by FUNGI
are treated with ANTI-FUNGAL
Infections caused by VIRUSES
are treated with medicines that
help to reduce symptoms.
FIRST AID KIT
Creams for insect
bites and burns
Cloth adhesive tape
Round tip scissors