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HEALTH
LAURA PRIETO

´
HEALTH AND ILLNESS
• Health is the state of physical and mental
well-being.
• Illness is the opposite of health.
• Symptom...
HEALTHY HABITS
•
•
•
•
•

Sleep 8 or 9 hours every night.
Eat a balanced diet.
Eat five meals a day.
Wash our hands before...
WHAT CAUSES AN ILLNESS
TYPES OF ILLNESS:
• Non-infectiuos illness.
• Infectious illness. Are cause by harmful
bacteria and...
BACTERIA
• Bacteria are unicellular micro-organisms.
There are two types of bacteria:
• Benefial bacteria

• Harmful bacte...
PATHOGENIC BACTERIA
• BATERIAL MENINGITIS
Affected nervous system.
• SALMONELLOSIS
Affected digestive system.
• BRONCHITIS...
OTHER MICRO-ORGANIMS
• They can be unicellular or multicelular.
Amoabe
Plasmodia

Candida yeast)

Fungi
VIRUSES
• A virus is not a micro-organism. It causes infectious
illnesses.
• Is not a livig thing but it needs cells to ca...
PREVENTING AND
HEALING ILLNESSES

• Pathogenic micro-organismis can enter in our
bodies in different ways:
o Through the r...
HOW CAN WE PREVENT INFECTIONS?
• Disinfect wounds.
• Wash our hands before eating or handling
food.
• Wash uncooked food.
...
VACCINES
Vaccines introduce into our bodies the microorganisms or virus that is making us ill.
The body reacts to the viru...
HOW DO WE TREAT
INFECTIONS?

• Infections caused by bacteria are treated with
antibiotics.
• Infections caused by fungi ar...
FIRST AID KIT
THE
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Unit 1 health laura

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Unit 1 health laura

  1. 1. HEALTH LAURA PRIETO ´
  2. 2. HEALTH AND ILLNESS • Health is the state of physical and mental well-being. • Illness is the opposite of health. • Symptoms, like coughs ,pain or fever, tell us that our bodies are ill.
  3. 3. HEALTHY HABITS • • • • • Sleep 8 or 9 hours every night. Eat a balanced diet. Eat five meals a day. Wash our hands before meals. Breathe fresh air.
  4. 4. WHAT CAUSES AN ILLNESS TYPES OF ILLNESS: • Non-infectiuos illness. • Infectious illness. Are cause by harmful bacteria and viruses. They can be:contagious or non-contagious.
  5. 5. BACTERIA • Bacteria are unicellular micro-organisms. There are two types of bacteria: • Benefial bacteria • Harmful bacteria
  6. 6. PATHOGENIC BACTERIA • BATERIAL MENINGITIS Affected nervous system. • SALMONELLOSIS Affected digestive system. • BRONCHITIS Affected bronchi in the respiratory system.
  7. 7. OTHER MICRO-ORGANIMS • They can be unicellular or multicelular. Amoabe Plasmodia Candida yeast) Fungi
  8. 8. VIRUSES • A virus is not a micro-organism. It causes infectious illnesses. • Is not a livig thing but it needs cells to carry out its life processes.
  9. 9. PREVENTING AND HEALING ILLNESSES • Pathogenic micro-organismis can enter in our bodies in different ways: o Through the respiratory system. o Through the digestive system. o Throuh wounds and cuts.
  10. 10. HOW CAN WE PREVENT INFECTIONS? • Disinfect wounds. • Wash our hands before eating or handling food. • Wash uncooked food. • Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. • Do not share eating utensils.
  11. 11. VACCINES Vaccines introduce into our bodies the microorganisms or virus that is making us ill. The body reacts to the virus and produces substances to destroy it .
  12. 12. HOW DO WE TREAT INFECTIONS? • Infections caused by bacteria are treated with antibiotics. • Infections caused by fungi are treated with anti-fungal. • Infections caused by viruses are only treated with medicines that help to reduce sysmptoms
  13. 13. FIRST AID KIT
  14. 14. THE

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