Presentatie Amsterdamse Innovatie Motor door Diogo Vasconcelos


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Amsterdamse Innovatie Motor

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  • Public Sector Innovation – growing social needs, together with budgetary constraints, call for radically new public service models “ Reforms are ultimately designed to ensure the continuation of the current model - not prompting a rethink for a 21st century public service” David Eaves, Govt2 Task Force (Canada)
  • By 2030, 25% will be over 60. 80+ will double by 2050 Costs pensions, social security, health and long term care to increase by 4-8% GDP by 2025. Biggest healthcare challenge: delivering care to older people and those with chronic conditions
  • 50% of men and 34% of women will have or have had a cancer diagnosis at sometime during their life People are living longer with cancer: a number of the 200 or so cancers are now considered to be a ‘chronic disease’. Can we think of cancer as a normal part of ageing? Siddhartha Mukherjee suggests that numbers speak to what is normal. And, often this is true – the mojority, or a large minority suggest a normal state of being, or look or behaviour. Therefore, if around 50% of men and 34% of women will have or have had a cancer diagnosis at sometime during their life time – is it then the ‘norm’ to have cancer? People are living longer with the disease and a number of the 200 or so cancers  that we can describe are now considered to be a ‘chronic disease’. can we think of cancer as a normal part of ageing? we talk of, and invest millions in,  ’finding a cure for cancer’ which is important and commendable – but, should we be investing equal amounts in ‘finding a way to live with cancer’. should we start thinking about investing in ‘aids for living with cancer’ in the same way as we do with other chronic diseases, for example. I am not for one moment comparing the life threatening aspects of some cancers with arthritis for example, but I am suggesting that we may think differently. Multiple myeloma, for example, is not a curable cancer, some people die of, some with it but increasing numbers of people (albeit a rare cancer – incidence approx 1% of all cancers and 15% of haematological cancers) are living for 10-20 years with the adverse effects of treatment. Fatigue, pain and peripheral neuropathy are major components of living with myeloma, and arguably, finding a cure would solve those – but, in the meantime, if we thought differently about the endpoint of cancer management – could we do better?
  • In 2040 11 million people in Europe will have Alzheimer’s disease 30% of healthy elderly have already Alzheimer Early treatment needed to prevent morbidity and improve independence and quality of life Improved care for patients who are already demented In 2030 25% of European population is older than 65 years In 2040 11 million people in Europe will have Alzheimer’s disease or a related disorder No. of people with Alzheimer’s doubles with every 5 year age interval after 65. Total costs today €72 billion euro and expected to double by 2020.
  • . recent research in the UK and US highlights the energy and contribution of older entrepreneurs. 9 Contrary to popularly held assumptions, the highest rate of entrepreneurial activity belongs to the 55-64 age group. In every single year from 1996 to 2007, Americans between the ages of 55 and 64 had a higher rate of entrepreneurial activity than those aged 20-34.
  • Summarizes relevant dimensions of an innovation system Framework economic conditions : financial markets and access to credit, education, competition, bankruptcy laws, orientation of economic institutions towards entrepreneurship and dynamism. Structural changes : emergence of population of fast growing innovative firms is a sure sign that something disruptive, and positive, is happening. Likelihood that a good representation of the next generation of very large firms, leaders in their domains, originate in Europe Show current structural changes on organization of innovation (new division of labour in invention activities; increasing role of small firms ; vertical specialization and entries into new and highly focussed segments in the upstream phases of innovation ) (D. Foray)
  • In the UK, 40,2001 adults leave prison each year after serving a custodial sentence of less than 12 months. These prison places cost the tax-payer well over £213 million a year yet, on release, adults on short sentences receive no formal support to help them to successfully resettle into the community. 73% of these offenders go on to reoffend within 2 years of release (92% for those under the age of 21 years). Government spending on a range of deep-rooted social issues, including healthcare, adult mental health, and school truancy and exclusion, is similarly focussed on expensive interventions that deal with the consequences of the issue rather than addressing the root causes: £92 billion health expenditure in England, only 3.7% is spent on preventative interventions; Adult mental health costs government £10bn each year in benefit payments alone, while only £2m is spent on mental health promotion activities like promoting self-esteem and coping skills; Government spends £650m on truancy and £800m per annum on school exclusions while only £111m is spent on preventative initiatives. Government budgets are limited and early intervention spending is easier to cut in difficult times. Over time this creates a self-perpetuating pattern of expenditure , resulting in ever worsening social outcomes and an ever growing need for government resources to be spent on expensive crisis interventions
  • A Girl Named Facebook
  • Innovation and creativity are the critical comparative advantages which Amsterdam needs to grow and to succeed.
  • Presentatie Amsterdamse Innovatie Motor door Diogo Vasconcelos

    1. 1. Reinvent Europe Through Innovation Diogo Vasconcelos Distinguished Fellow, Cisco Chair, EU Business Panel Future Innovation
    2. 2. Europe’s leadership Johannes Gutenberg (1398-1468) Printing Press Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Theory of Evolution Florence Nigthingale (1820-1910) Modern Nursing James Watt (1736-1819) Steam Engine Engine Nursing Printing Evolution Rembrandt ( painter 1606-1669) Portrait Painting
    3. 3. Europe’s leadership Le Corbusier (1887-1965) Modern Architecture Coco Chanel (1883-1971) Fashion Icon Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) Modern Painting Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Modern Physics Art Architecture Hautecouture Nuclear Power
    4. 4. Europe’s leadership Alan Turing (1912-1954) Computer Science Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) Radio Tim Berners-Lee 1955- World Wide Web Nikolaus Otto (1832-1891) Automobile Engine Radio www. Automobile Computer
    5. 5. New Challenges
    6. 10. Guardian, 15 January 2011
    7. 11. Cognitively normal subject aged 72 years with Alzheimer pathology (red)
    8. 12. New (Fierce) Global Competition
    9. 13. EU’s leadership in science has eroded… Source: European Commission based on data source Jürgen Schmidhuber, 2010
    10. 14. China has taken over EU’s lead in the number of researchers
    11. 15. Access to Venture Capital is Limited
    12. 16. “ The key to our success – as it has always been – will be to compete by developing new products, by generating new industries , by maintaining our role as the world’s engine of scientific discovery and technological innovation .” President Obama
    13. 17. Focusing on key priorities and “grand challenges ” Build a leading 21st century infrastructure Create the IT ecosystem needed for 21st century innovation Support innovative entrepreneurs Enact the largest R&D budget increase in US history
    14. 18. China “Indigenous Innovation Strategy” <ul><li>Be among the top-5 worldwide by 2020 for patents and citations of international scientific papers </li></ul><ul><li>“ Medium- to Long-Term Plan for the Development of Science and Technology until 2020” - min. 60% of GDP growth - max. 30% foreign technologies, IPR, standards </li></ul><ul><li>1000 Talent programme – to get the 1000 best Chinese researchers back from the US </li></ul>
    15. 21. New Approach Innovation
    16. 22. “ We propose a broader sense of innovation (from business to social innovation). EU innovation should be based around compelling social challenges such as chronic disease and other implications of our ageing society; inter-culturalism and hyper-diversity; climate change; environmental protection” Business Panel Future EU Innovation Policy, Oct 2009
    17. 23. <ul><li>Broaden the concept of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Invest in future infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative financing models </li></ul><ul><li>Speed and synchronisation </li></ul><ul><li>New places for new types of collaboration </li></ul>
    18. 24. Economic and financial context <ul><li>Invest in future growth : EU target of 3% of GDP for R&D in 2020 could create a net 3.7 million jobs and close to €800 Bn annual GDP by 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation Union : make the most of available resources through leverage effects, integration and cooperation </li></ul>
    19. 25. New Sources of Growth
    20. 26. Societal challenges <ul><li>Climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Health and ageing </li></ul><ul><li>Use of natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Energy security </li></ul><ul><li>Clean transport </li></ul><ul><li>Land use </li></ul><ul><li>… . </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful drivers of change in economy and society </li></ul><ul><li>Major global market opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Requiring EU-scale approaches </li></ul><ul><li>From research to market </li></ul>New needs  new ideas  new markets
    21. 27. European Innovation Partnerships <ul><li>Tackle major societal challenges whilst creating new business opportunities for EU industry </li></ul><ul><li>Set concrete targets (e.g. raising our citizens’ healthy life years by two in 2020) </li></ul><ul><li>A pilot on active and healthy ageing has been launched. </li></ul><ul><li>Over last 40 years the welfare gains associated with improvements life expectancy totalled 29–38% GDP. </li></ul><ul><li>Next innovation partnerships: smart cities, energy, raw materials, sustainable agriculture, water </li></ul>
    22. 28. Conclusions of the moderator: Diogo Vasconcelos, Cisco European Innovation Partnerships – meeting societal challenges and reinforcing competitiveness Seminar regarding the pilot &quot;Active and Healthy Ageing“ 22 February 2011
    23. 29. <ul><li>Barriers to overcome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragmentation unlocks potential EU internal market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business model unsure – many players involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gap product development and markets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages of the Partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring all players together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobilize public procurement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating public awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Address standard issues </li></ul></ul>
    24. 31. New vision of old age <ul><li>Older people not as a burden but as a valuable resource </li></ul><ul><li>Active participants and not passive consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on capabilities as well as needs </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from exclusive focus on health and pensions to a more holistic focus on wellbeing </li></ul>
    25. 32. New vision of old age <ul><li>From invention to inovation </li></ul><ul><li>From technologycal to social innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Design thinking </li></ul><ul><li>New service models </li></ul><ul><li>New political priority </li></ul>
    26. 33. Katherine Hepburn (1907-2003) Redelmeier and Singh, “Survival in Academy Award–Winning Actors and Actresses” American College of Physicians–American Society of Internal Medicine, 2001 “ Life expectancy is 3.9 years longer for Academy Award Winners” Stimulation is key
    27. 34. New Innovative Companies
    28. 35. Who creates jobs? Haltiwanger, Jardin and Miranda, 2009,: Business Dynamics Statistics Briefing: Jobs Created from Business Star-ups in the United States, Erwin Marion Kauffman Foundation Contribution of business start-ups to overall employment and the net employment growth (US, 1992-2005)
    29. 36. Young Innovative firm are vital <ul><li>Europe is characterized by a strong deficit in term of fast growing innovative firms </li></ul><ul><li>A dynamic business sector is at the hearth of growth, creativity and innovation </li></ul><ul><li>New EU 2020 indicator “share of young and innovative firms (YIF) as a % of the total population of firms “ would be a good complement of the R&D intensity indicator </li></ul>Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis, the founders of Skype arold Goddijn and Corinne Goddijn-Vigreux, two of the four founders of TomTom
    30. 37. “ Young Innovative firms” <ul><li>Summarizes relevant dimensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Framework conditions . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A good representation of the next generation of very large firms is originate in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Show current changes on organization of innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new division of labour in invention activities; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vertical specialization and entries into new and highly focussed segments upstream phases of innovation </li></ul></ul>
    31. 39. New Infraestrutures
    32. 40. Europe is not investing effectively in the infrastructure, needed for 21st century innovation
    33. 41. New Solutions
    34. 42. Combine Digital and the Social agendas <ul><li>Building the high speed networks is a key priority for the EU Digital Agenda . </li></ul><ul><li>These new networks must be seen as a major social infrastructure . </li></ul><ul><li>EU policies should encourage the creation and adoption of next generation societal services by both the public, private and third sectors </li></ul>BEPA Workshop ‘Europe and Social Innovation’, Jan 2009 SIX report “Europe and Social Innovation’, Jan 2010
    35. 45. New Platforms and New Spaces
    36. 46. Vickie Cammack
    37. 48. “ What is needed is not new instruments for knowledge transfer, but something different: the spaces in which interactions can take place” (Geoffrey Crossick)
    38. 49. New Spaces for New Collaborations Health Launchpad provides funding and long term practical support from the germination of an idea through the pilot stage and finally to the delivery and scaled up application of the service
    39. 50. ... And safe spaces for innovation <ul><li>France’s virtual 27 th ‘region’ is intended to provide the other regions with the space and opportunity to design and develop innovative approaches to policy . </li></ul><ul><li>Its goal is to foster creativity, social innovation and sustainability in public institutions, through community projects, prototyping and design thinking. </li></ul>
    40. 55. Design intervention Source: Seed Foundation
    41. 56.
    42. 60. New Funding Mechanisms
    43. 61. <ul><li>Innovation Procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioned base outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Social Innovation funds </li></ul><ul><li>Social impact bonds </li></ul>New Funding Mechanisms Example: 1% budget social innovation funds
    44. 63. Public Procurement to boost Innovation
    45. 64. New Funding Mechanisms <ul><li>How to mobilize private sector savings for new solutions that provide both financial and social return </li></ul><ul><li>Social Innovation Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Bridges Ventures </li></ul><ul><li>Social Impact Bonds, contract with the public sector in which it commits to pay for improved social outcomes. </li></ul>
    46. 65. New mandate for EIB <ul><li>Accelerate pan-European venture capital funds . </li></ul><ul><li>European Bonds for Infraestructures </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Shared Facility </li></ul><ul><li>EIB should became Europe’s Innovation Bank </li></ul>
    47. 66. New Approach to Globalization
    48. 67. Learning from the world
    49. 69. “ I am too short to grab a handle in the subway. I need a lower handle”. Seoul Ideas Bank.
    50. 72. Amsterdam
    51. 75. <ul><li>“ For Waag Society, Dialogue Cafe marks a continuation of our longstanding tradition of openness and experimentation, of exploring new ways of using technology to tackle today’s most pressing challenges . </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue Café will provide a space for global conversations .” </li></ul>Marleen Stikker
    52. 76. Amsterdam
    53. 77. Where next? Tel Aviv Ramallah London Florence Oslo Sao Paulo Wroclaw Helsinki Lille San Francisco Brisbane Vancouver Cairo Belgrade
    54. 78. Citizen driven innovation in a digital age SIX Spring School Amsterdam, 24 – 25 May
    55. 82.
    56. 83. 3 Revolutions…
    57. 84. A State that stands over people (war, policing etc)
    58. 85. A State that provides for people (welfare)
    59. 86. A State that creates with people (social innovation) Geoff Mulgan
    60. 87. “ Substantially greater progress could be made in if nonprofits, governments, businesses , and the public were brought together around a common agenda to create collective impact. ” John Kania and Mark Kramer Stanford Social Innovation Review Winter 2011
    61. 88. Innovation and creativity: the critical comparative advantages
    62. 90. Conclusion: Time to Fix the Future