EM - Effective Microbes


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EM - Effective Microbes

  1. 2. EM SOLUTIONS AUSTRALIA PTY.LTD <ul><li>The only certified manufacturer of genuine Saion EM products in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing facility, head office based in Mount Gambier, South Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing facility is a sterile air tight environment constructed to stringent Sanko Sangyo manufacturing necessities. </li></ul><ul><li>Operational since January 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>100% Australian owned and operated </li></ul><ul><li>EM products distributed nationally </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing EM products in Australia guarantees </li></ul><ul><li>product quality </li></ul><ul><li>With such a diverse application base we are sure to have a solution, whatever the scale or diversity . </li></ul>EM SOLUTIONS MANUFACTURING FACILITY
  2. 3. SANKO SANGYO <ul><li>The “mother company” of genuine saion EM </li></ul><ul><li>Based in Okinawa, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Launched the research and business of EM </li></ul><ul><li>Technology over 30 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Teuro Higa joined to develop EM products </li></ul><ul><li>Are recognised and documented as the world </li></ul><ul><li>leaders of EM Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Sanko Sangyo is dedicated to manufacturing safe and high quality EM products for its customers to contribute to the protection of human and environmental health. </li></ul>
  3. 4. WHAT IS EM? <ul><li>EM = EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISMS </li></ul><ul><li>Is produced through a natural process of fermentation </li></ul><ul><li>Is a combination of beneficial naturally occurring microorganisms </li></ul><ul><li>Is a liquid concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Produced from cultivations of over 80 varieties of microorganisms </li></ul><ul><li>Most outstanding feature is it includes anaerobic and aerobic species of microorganisms coexisting in a most beneficially productive manner </li></ul><ul><li>Not chemically synthesized or genetically engineered </li></ul><ul><li>Contains microorganisms from 3 main groups - </li></ul>
  4. 5. PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA <ul><li>Independent, self supporting microbes </li></ul><ul><li>Produces useful substances from organic matter, secretion of roots and harmful gasses </li></ul><ul><li>Develop amino acids, nucleic acids, bioactive substances and sugars. </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbed directly by the plant promoting plant growth and development </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the population of native beneficial bacteria. </li></ul>
  5. 6. LACTIC ACID BACTERIA <ul><li>Develop Lactic Acid from sugars and other carbohydrates developed by Photosynthetic Bacteria and Yeast. </li></ul><ul><li>Lactic Acid is a strong sterilizing compound which suppresses harmful microorganisms and enhances the decomposition of resistant materials (cellulose etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Removes undesirable effects of decomposition </li></ul>
  6. 7. YEAST <ul><li>Utilise amino acids and sugars produced by Photosynthetic bacteria, organic matter and plant roots </li></ul><ul><li>Produces hormones and enzymes </li></ul><ul><li>Are useful substrates for other Effective Microorganisms – Lactic Acid Bacteria and Actinomycete. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Co existence
  8. 9. IS EM SAFE? <ul><li>EM is a combination of certain naturally existing, beneficial, aerobic and anaerobic, nontoxic and non-pathogenic microorganisms. </li></ul><ul><li>The microorganisms specifically used are not genetically modified or engineered. The potential of the naturally existing microbes and their coexistence abilities were &quot;discovered“ </li></ul><ul><li>The microorganisms in EM are considered food-grade. All microbes used for EM production are known not to be harmful to the soil, air, groundwater, land, animals or humans </li></ul><ul><li>EM products are BFA registered. </li></ul><ul><li>Lactobacilli and photosynthetic bacteria are important components in the EM formula, belonging to the anaerobic group. They are now recognised as being effective in the control of diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>EM is a living entity containing active microbes found in all ecosystems </li></ul>
  9. 10. EM MIXED CULTURES vs. SINGLE CULTURES <ul><li>Previous efforts to introduce single cultures of microorganisms have been largely unsuccessful – They are immediately subject to competitive and aggressive effects of indigenous soil micro flora and their numbers soon decline. </li></ul><ul><li>A mixed culture of physiologically and ecologically compatible soil microorganisms (EM) enhances the predominance of beneficial and effective microorganisms improving and maintaining the chemical and physical properties of soils, therefore shifting the microbial equilibrium of a soil and controlling it to favour the growth, yield and health of crops. </li></ul>
  10. 11. EM IN AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Shifts the “microbial equilibrium” to favour growth, yield and health of plants/crops </li></ul><ul><li>Functions of Beneficial Microorganisms in soil </li></ul><ul><li>Fixation of atmospheric nitrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance decomposition of organic wastes and residues </li></ul><ul><li>Suppresses soil-borne pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Recycles and increases availability of plant nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the concentration of toxins including pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Production of antibiotics and other bioactive compounds </li></ul><ul><li>Production of amino acids, nucleic acids, varieties of vitamins and hormones to plants </li></ul><ul><li>Complexation of heavy metals to limit plant uptake </li></ul><ul><li>Solubilisation of insoluble nutrient sources </li></ul><ul><li>Production of polysaccharides to improve soil aggregation </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances photosynthetic capacity of crops </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes germination, flowering and fruiting </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the effectiveness of fertilisers. </li></ul><ul><li>Cont…. </li></ul>
  11. 12. EM IN AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Effectively used in soil and foliar applications for; </li></ul><ul><li>Regular crops </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Turf Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Hydroponics </li></ul>
  12. 13. EM IN WATER <ul><li>Is a biological tool to minimise and diminish concentrations of pollutants through bioremediation </li></ul><ul><li>Controls the propagation of harmful microbes </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces organic matter to a soluble state, readily consumed by bacteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks down and decomposes chemical substances </li></ul><ul><li>Produce large quantities and varieties of organic and inorganic acids and anti-oxidising enzymes </li></ul><ul><li>Cont….. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Utilizes and consumes harmful gasses (methane, hydrogen sulphide, ammonia) therefore eliminating odour – foul smelling water </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the breeding of flies and mosquitoes </li></ul><ul><li>Used effectively in Waste Water Treatment Plants, Sewer Systems, Septic Systems, Holding Tanks, Lagoons, Pond Systems etc. </li></ul>EM IN WATER
  14. 15. EM IN ANIMAL HEALTH <ul><li>The application of EM to stockfeed & drinking water; </li></ul><ul><li>Enriches it with beneficial substances such as amino acids, vitamins and enzymes </li></ul><ul><li>Betters the digestibility and nutrient absorption of the animal </li></ul><ul><li>Naturally balances the intestinal micro flora resulting in improved health, eating habits, improved feed conversion rates & weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>Improves overall shed environment and provides a better working atmosphere for staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Effectively used in; </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy and beef cattle </li></ul><ul><li>Horses (all disciplines) </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep and lambs </li></ul><ul><li>Pets </li></ul>
  16. 17. DECOMPOSITION OF ORGANIC MATTER Oxidative Decomposition (aerobic) Fermentative Decomposition (Anaerobic) fermentation Production of amino acids, alcohol, sugars, organic acids and esters Microbial production of organic substances Production of antibiotics, vitamins, hormones, and various Biogenic substances through secondary metabolism. Zymogenic micro-organisms ZYMOGENIC AND SYNTHETIC SOILS OPTIMUM PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT DISEASE SUPPRESSIVE SOILS Production of harmful enzyme suppressive substances through secondary metabolism Production of relatively insoluble, inorganic substances Disease inducing soil Putrefaction Production of ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, methane and other harmful reduced substances Anaerobic synthetic micro-organisms Nitrogen fixation, production of sugars, amino acids and organic acids from Various reduced substances and solubilisation of inorganic compounds Production of antibiotics, vitamins, hormones, and various biogenic substances through secondary metabolism. Synthetic micro-organisms Release of gas and heat Intake of external energy Aerobic synthetic micro-organisms Aerobic decomposers Production of soluble inorganic nutrients Microbial production of organic substances Absorbed by plants Nitrogen fixation, production of sugars, amino acids and organic acids from various reduced substances and Solubilisation of inorganic compounds Production of antibiotics, vitamins, hormones, and various biogenic substances through secondary metabolism. Absorbed by plants Release of CO + heat Intake of external energy DISEASE SUPPRESSIVE SOILS ZYMOGENIC AND SYNTHETIC SOILS =
  17. 19. CARROT SEED TRIAL <ul><li>Crop - Umbelliferae – Carrot </li></ul><ul><li>Farming type – Conventional </li></ul><ul><li>Growing Season - February 2010 - March 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>The Application of EM – </li></ul><ul><li>1 ST Application - 3 weeks prior to planting (Mid February) EM was applied to the soil with a boom spray at a rate of 10L per hectare mixed with 300L water prior to soil preparation (cultivation). </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Application - 3 months (mid May) after the initial application, EM was applied at 10L per hectare through a fertigation system. </li></ul><ul><li>Cont…. </li></ul>
  18. 20. CARROT SEED TRIAL <ul><li>Harvesting and Seed weighing - Crop harvesting and seed weighing was carried out by South Pacific Seeds (SPS). </li></ul><ul><li>Yield Results - EM treated soil increased carrot seed yield by 24%. </li></ul>SOIL TYPE YIELD AVERAGE PER ROW VARIANCE Control 133.17 kg EM Treated 164.44 kg + 31.27kg
  19. 21. CARROT SEED TRIAL <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>EM treated soil increased the yield of carrot seed by 24%. </li></ul><ul><li>EM treated soil suppressed rhizoctonia </li></ul><ul><li>EM improved the fertility of the soil resulting in advanced carrot health and development </li></ul>CONTROL SOIL EM TREATED SOIL EM EM CONTROL
  20. 22. EM PRODUCTS <ul><li>EM Technology has a myriad of applications. We are pleased to supply; </li></ul><ul><li>Soil, Foliar and Compost Products </li></ul><ul><li>Organic Farming Products </li></ul><ul><li>Organic Feed Inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Retail products – Natural Deodorisers, Fertilisers </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Clean Up Products </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial and Municipal Waste Treatment Products. </li></ul><ul><li>ALL MANUFACTURED IN AUSTRALIA </li></ul>
  21. 23. THANK YOU