SHOBHIT UNIVERSITY A SEMINAR REPORT ONARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE PRESENTED BY: Kumar Gaurav B.Tech 3rd Year(CS)
CONTENTS• INTRODUCTION• PROBLEMS DEDUCTED THROUGH A.I.•APPROACHES•TOOLS•ADVANTAGES•DISADVANTAGE•APPLICATION•REFERENCES
INTRODUCTIONArtificial intelligence (AI) is theintelligence of machines and thebranch of computer science thataims to create it. AI textbooksdefine the field as "the studyand design of intelligent agents"where an intelligent agent is asystem that perceives itsenvironment and takes actionsthat maximize its chances ofsuccess.
PROBLEM DEDUCTED THROUGH A.I.•DEDUCTION, REASONING, PROBLEM SOLVING.•MOTION AND MANIPULATION•NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING•SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE
APPROACHES•CYBERNETICS AND BRAIN SIMULATION•SYMBOLICWhen access to digital computers becamepossible in the middle 1950s, AI researchbegan to explore the possibility that humanintelligence could be reduced to symbolmanipulation.
TOOLS•SEARCH AND OPTIMIZATIONMany problems in AI can be solved in theoryby intelligently searching through manypossible solutions. Planning algorithmssearch through trees of goals and subgoals,attempting to find a path to a target goal, aprocess called means-ends analysis.
LOGICLogic is used for knowledge representation andproblem solving, but it can be applied to otherproblems as well. AI researchers have devised anumber of powerful tools to solve these problemsusing methods from probability theory andeconomics.
•CONTROL THEORYControl theory, the grandchild of cybernetics, hasmany important applications, especially in robotics. •LANGUAGES AI researchers have developed several specialized languages for AI research, including Lisp and Prolog.
ADVANTAGES• Artificial intelligence would not need any sleep.• Unemotional consideration of problems.• Easier copying.
DISADVANTAGE• Limited Sensory input.• An artificial mind is limited capable to talk.
APPLICATIONS• Gesture recognition• Individual voice recognition• Global voice recognition• Facial expression recognition for interpretation of emotion and non verbal queues.• Robot navigation.
REFERENCES• Luger, George; Stubblefield, William (2004). Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving (5th ed.). The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc..• Nilsson, Nils (1998). Artificial Intelligence: A New Synthesis. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.• Russell, Stuart J.; Norvig, Peter (2003), Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (2nd ed.), Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall,