Fugitive Slave Act★Part of a group of laws from the “Compromise of 1850”. Antislavery advocates gained admission to California as a free state.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin★Harriet Beecher Stowe created this novel in 1852. It changed the way people viewed slavery. It demanded that the US abolish slavery with the promise of freedom and equality.
Harriet Beecher★She is known for writing “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”. She based this book on her personal experiences. The state of Kentucky where she lived, was a slavery state.
Kansas Nebraska★This act repealed the Missouri Compromise and allowed slavery in the territory North of the 36, 30. It would be decided by the residents of the territories.
John Brown★John Brown was an abolitionist, trying to rid of slavery along with others. He was a man of action. In 1859, he led 21 men on a raid in Virginia. Later on, most of Brown’s men were eventually killed off under the control of Robert E. Lee.
Popular★This was a pre-Civil War doctrine, that asserted the rights of individuals living in a newly organized territory to decide the vote of their territorial legislature whether or not slavery would be permitted there.
Dred★In 1847, Dred went to court to sue for his freedom and ﬁnally after 10 years his case was brought to the United States Supreme Courts. There in court, it was decided that Africans could never become citizens
Lincoln/ Douglas★This was a debate between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas over one of Illinois United States senate seats.★Lincoln ended up losing this debate but it helped him win the President Election.
Jefferson Davis★Davis was an American Statesman leader of the confederacy during the time of the Civil War.★From 1861-1865, he served as the president of the Confederate States.
Secede★In a federal union, to secede would be withdrawing from membership.★People can be withdraw in an alliance, or even a political or rebellious organization.
Confederate States★From 1861-1865, this was a form of government set up by Southern Slaves that would declare their secession from the U.S.
Fort Sumter★The shots that started the Civil War were held at the Battle of Fort Sumter.★Fort Sumter was a third masonry sea fort in South Carolina.
Border State★The border states in the Civil War were slave states that shared a border with free states.★Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri
Robert E. Lee★Career Military ofﬁcer who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.
Blockade★The isolating or closing off of a place such as a harbor, city, or port by ships to prevent them from entering or exiting.
Battle of Bull Run★Union and Confederate armies clashed in Manassas Junction. This was known as the ﬁrst major land battle in the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant★18th President of the United States.★Held a dominant role in the second half of the Civil War.
Battle of Shiloh★Also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing.★A union under control of Grant, moved forward to Tennessee. The Confederates pulled a surprise attack on Grant’s army.★They had failed the 2nd Day
Cavalry★These were soldiers who fought, mounted on horseback.★This was a very sufﬁcient way to ﬁght in the war.
Antietam★Historic site in northwestern Maryland, scene of a major Civil War battle in 1862.
54th★It was an all black regiment, except for the leaders. If all blacks fought well, they could have a shot at ﬁghting in the wars.
Emancipation★In 1863, our President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which stated that anyone that was held as a slave, was free.
Copperhead★Copperheads where Northerners who were opposing the Civil War. The name copperhead was one they chose for striking without warning like the snake did.
Conscription★Compulsory enrollment, especially for the armed forces; draft.
Bounty★Usually a payment or reward offered by a group as an incentive for the accomplishment of a task mainly not associated with the group.
Clara Barton★A pioneer American teacher and a nurse during the Civil War. At the time, women were just beginning to work, so Barton helped others with careers.
Battle of★General Robert E. Lee centered his army around Gettysburg. Lee attacked the Unions resulting in severe ﬁghting there.
Siege of Vicksburg★The ﬁnal and major military action in the Vicksburg Champaign of the Civil War.
William Tecumseh★Sherman served as a general in the Union Army.★He received an award for most outstanding command of military strategy.
Appomattox Court★This was the ﬁnal Battle for Robert E. Lee before the confederate surrendered to the Union Army.★This was one of the last battles in the American Civil War.
Thirteenth★This amendment abolishes slavery along with involuntary servitude. But is legal if it is used as a punishment for a crime.