Candide And Voltaire

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Use this PowerPoint to complete or review your notes on Voltaire, satire, and the comedic techniques used in Candide.

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Candide And Voltaire

  1. 1. Candide and Voltaire Approaches to Literature
  2. 2. COMEDIC TECHNIQUES: <ul><li>EXAGGERATION (hyperbole) </li></ul><ul><li>UNDERSTATE- </li></ul><ul><li>MENT </li></ul><ul><li>—“ sweating to death </li></ul><ul><li>--“It’s a bit wet out there.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. COMEDIC TECHNIQUES: <ul><li>WARPED LOGIC </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROBABLE SITUATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Harlan is funny. Harlan is a man. Men are funny. </li></ul><ul><li>--“equipping a submarine with a screen door” </li></ul>
  4. 4. satire <ul><li>a work that ridicules human foibles, vices and follies… </li></ul><ul><li>that creates absurdity, challenges beliefs… </li></ul><ul><li>GOAL: to improve human society </li></ul><ul><li> inspire remodeling (raising), not razing </li></ul>
  5. 5. Candide <ul><li>A picaresque novel… series of self-contained episodes with a plot and climax adventures and exotic travel set in motion by an incident beyond the character’s control </li></ul><ul><li>like beads on a necklace </li></ul>
  6. 6. Candide <ul><li>technique of digression… </li></ul><ul><li>another character relates his/her own personal narrative </li></ul>
  7. 7. FOUR APPROACHES… <ul><li>Formalistic/ </li></ul><ul><li>structural </li></ul><ul><li>looks at the way a piece is organized and approached—the type of discourse and literary techniques used— Candide is a satire and uses those techniques </li></ul>
  8. 8. FOUR APPROACHES… <ul><li>Archetypal </li></ul><ul><li>looks for the universals and motifs in a work—in Candide look for the mentors he has and what each teaches him </li></ul>
  9. 9. FOUR APPROACHES… <ul><li>Socio-historic </li></ul><ul><li>sees the implications for the historic time and social milieu during which the piece was written—here it’s the idea of a utopia </li></ul>
  10. 10. FOUR APPROACHES… <ul><li>Reader-response </li></ul><ul><li>asks how the piece resonates with you—your own feelings </li></ul>

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