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Learning  with  
elders	
The Dao, Hmong, Kinh, Lu, Ma Lieng, Sach, Tai, Tay,
and Xinh Mun ethnic communities of Northern V...
Authors	
•  Cory William Whitney1*, Vang Sin Min (Meej Vaj)2, Lê Hồng
Giang3, Vu Van Can3, Keith Barber4, Tran Thi Lanh3
•...
Overview	
•  What?
Culture (especially spirituality) are an important
contributor to plant conservation practices
•  So wh...
Cooperation	
•  The Communist Party of Vietnam
•  People’s Army of Vietnam
•  Mekong Community Network for Ecological Trad...
Healers	
Dao healer Mrs. Triệu Thị Khang
Hmong healer Mr. Ly A Là
Kinh healer Mr. Nguyễn Viết Khương
Lu healer Mr. Viengph...
Human  Ecology  
Practice  Area  
Vietnam  	
Son Kim 1, Rao An
Ha Thinh
Australia National University
CartoGIS
Inset HEPA ...
HEPA  5  
Experimental  
Farms	
Khe Soong, Cay Khe, Linh
Moc, Poov Zoov and Thuong
Uyen
HEPA Bao Dio Hang 2012
Methods	
Bronfenbrenner,  U.  1979.  The  
Ecology  of  Human  
Development:  Experiments  
by  Nature  and  Design.  
Cam...
HEPA  5  
Experimental  
Farms	
Khe Soong, Cay Khe, Linh
Moc, Poov Zoov and Thuong
Uyen
HEPA Bao Dio Hang 2012
Tracks: QGI...
Methods    
Local  systems  model  of  human  ecology	
Lanh  et.  al.  Original  Vietnamese  Version  of  the  Biological ...
Methods    
Local  systems  model  of  human  ecology	
Lanh  et.  al.  Original  Vietnamese  Version  of  the  Biological ...
Methods    
Data  Analysis  	
•  URs /CIs (Tardio & Pardo-de-Santayana 2008)
•  Pearson's product-moment correlation (R), ...
Methods  UR  Categories	
Category UR %
MED (internal/topical medicine and disease
treatment)
801 59.16
FOOD (food and drin...
Results    
Ethnobotany	
•  Results for >100 plant species
Flore  du  Cambodge,  du  Laos  et  du  Viêtnam  1950  	
Flore ...
Results  
Species  &  UR	
Ethnic Group Plant citations Use Reports (UR)
Tay 45 23.32% 409 30.21%
Dao 45 23.32% 135 9.97%
S...
Results  
Gender  and  Plant  Use	
Informants Plants
  Age Plants Used UR Spiritual Conservation
All 60.07'±10.38 66.11' ±...
Plant  Species    
Summary  Statistics	
Spiritual Conservation UR Abundance Vulnerability
2.46 ±3.07 1.8 ±1.52 9.37 ±12.26...
Results  
Plant  Use  and  Plant  Ecology	
Plant Usability Plant Ecology
Spiritual Conservation UR Abundance Vulnerability...
Conclusions/Discussion	
•  culture (especially spirituality) are an important
contributor to plant conservation practices
...
Acknowledgements	
•  Young Indigenous Leaders Development Strategy (YIELDS) Mr.
Vu Ly Seo, Mr. Su Giang A, Ms. Chung Giang...
Literature	
•  Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Viêtnam 1950
•  Flore générale de l’Indochine 1960
•  LANH T.T. Unpublishe...
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Learning with Elders of Ethnic Communities of Northern Vietnam

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An applied human ecology and ethnobotany study presented at the 38th Annual Conference of the Society of Ethnobiology 'The Many Faces of Ethnobiology' in Santa Barbara, California in 2015.

Published in: Environment
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Learning with Elders of Ethnic Communities of Northern Vietnam

  1. 1. Learning  with   elders The Dao, Hmong, Kinh, Lu, Ma Lieng, Sach, Tai, Tay, and Xinh Mun ethnic communities of Northern Vietnam Whitney, Cory, Vang Sin Min (Meej Vaj), Lê Hồng Giang , Vu Van Can, Keith Barber, Tran Thi Lanh
  2. 2. Authors •  Cory William Whitney1*, Vang Sin Min (Meej Vaj)2, Lê Hồng Giang3, Vu Van Can3, Keith Barber4, Tran Thi Lanh3 •  1 Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences & University of Kassel, Germany •  * Corresponding author: cory.whitney@hsrw.eu •  2 Hmong, Young Indigenous Ethnic Minority Leadership Program/ Mekong Community Networking and Ecological Trading, Si Ma Cai, Vietnam •  3 Social Policy Ecology Research Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam •  4 Waikato University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Hamilton, New Zealand
  3. 3. Overview •  What? Culture (especially spirituality) are an important contributor to plant conservation practices •  So what? Conservation issues in the region •  Now what? Support customary law and sovereignty for indigenous
  4. 4. Cooperation •  The Communist Party of Vietnam •  People’s Army of Vietnam •  Mekong Community Network for Ecological Trade (MECO-ECOTRA) •  Young Indigenous Leaders Development Strategy (YIELDS) •  The Vietnamese Dao, Hmong, Kinh, Lu, Ma Lieng, Sach, Tai, Tay, and Xinh Mun ethnic groups
  5. 5. Healers Dao healer Mrs. Triệu Thị Khang Hmong healer Mr. Ly A Là Kinh healer Mr. Nguyễn Viết Khương Lu healer Mr. Viengphet Panoudom Ma Lieng healer Mrs Cao Thị Lâm Sach healers Mrs. Cao Thị Hậu and Mrs. Cao Thị Trang Black Tai healers Mr. Lò Văn Sinh and Mr. Vi Đình Văn White Tai healer Mr. Lương Văn Bình Tay healers Mrs. Nguyễn Thị Liên and Mr. Hoàng Văn Tài Xinh Mun healer Mr. Vi Văn Nhạc.
  6. 6. Human  Ecology   Practice  Area   Vietnam   Son Kim 1, Rao An Ha Thinh Australia National University CartoGIS Inset HEPA Bao Dio Hang 2012
  7. 7. HEPA  5   Experimental   Farms Khe Soong, Cay Khe, Linh Moc, Poov Zoov and Thuong Uyen HEPA Bao Dio Hang 2012
  8. 8. Methods Bronfenbrenner,  U.  1979.  The   Ecology  of  Human   Development:  Experiments   by  Nature  and  Design.   Cambridge,  MA:  Harvard   University  Press. Meade,  M.S.  1977.   Medical  Geography  as   Human  Ecology:  The   Dimension  of   Population   Movement."ʺ   Geographical  Review   67(4):  383 Kandell,  J.  Richard  E.   Schultes,  86,  Dies;  Trailblazing   Authority  on  Hallucinogenic   Plants,  The  New  York  Times,   April  13,  2001,  Accessed   March  11,  2015. catalogue  traditional  uses  and  conservation   practices   Relationship  between  biodiversity  and   plant  use
  9. 9. HEPA  5   Experimental   Farms Khe Soong, Cay Khe, Linh Moc, Poov Zoov and Thuong Uyen HEPA Bao Dio Hang 2012 Tracks: QGIS 2013 Methods
  10. 10. Methods     Local  systems  model  of  human  ecology Lanh  et.  al.  Original  Vietnamese  Version  of  the  Biological  Human   Ecology  Model  cf.  Rambo  1983 LANH  T.T.  Unpublished.  Biological  Human  Ecology  and  Structural  Poverty  in  Community  Development  Work  among  Ethnic   Minorities  of  the  Mekong  River  Valley.   RAMBO  A.T.  1983.  Conceptual  Approaches  To  Human  Ecology.  Honolulu,  Hawaii:  East-­‐‑West  Environment  and  Policy  Institute. SPERI  2013.  Ethnobotany  Research;  An  Approach  to  Biological  Human  Ecology  Theory.  Hanoi,  Vietnam:  Knowledge  Publishing  (Nhà   xuất  bản  Tri  thức).
  11. 11. Methods     Local  systems  model  of  human  ecology Lanh  et.  al.  Original  Vietnamese  Version  of  the  Biological  Human   Ecology  Model  cf.  Rambo  1983 LANH  T.T.  Unpublished.  Biological  Human  Ecology  and  Structural  Poverty  in  Community  Development  Work  among  Ethnic   Minorities  of  the  Mekong  River  Valley.   RAMBO  A.T.  1983.  Conceptual  Approaches  To  Human  Ecology.  Honolulu,  Hawaii:  East-­‐‑West  Environment  and  Policy  Institute. SPERI  2013.  Ethnobotany  Research;  An  Approach  to  Biological  Human  Ecology  Theory.  Hanoi,  Vietnam:  Knowledge  Publishing  (Nhà   xuất  bản  Tri  thức).
  12. 12. Methods     Data  Analysis   •  URs /CIs (Tardio & Pardo-de-Santayana 2008) •  Pearson's product-moment correlation (R), parametric tests for co-linearity Where NC=number of use categories, u=uses, i=informant, and N=total number of informants TARDÍO  J.  &  PARDO-­‐‑DE-­‐‑SANTAYANA  M.  2008.  Cultural  importance  indices:  a  comparative  analysis  based  on  the  useful  wild  plants  of  Southern   Cantabria  (Northern  Spain)  1.  Economic  Botany  62:  24-­‐‑39.
  13. 13. Methods  UR  Categories Category UR % MED (internal/topical medicine and disease treatment) 801 59.16 FOOD (food and drink often as secondary use to medicine or as famine food) 185 13.66 TECH (timber/ firewood/ dying/ fencing) 162 11.96 CUL (culture, stories, poems) 147 10.86 HYG (hygiene, soap and bathing) 36 2.66 ORN (ornamental) 12 0.89 AF (animal feed) 11 0.81 Total 1,354 100% TARDÍO  J.  &  PARDO-­‐‑DE-­‐‑SANTAYANA  M.  2008.  Cultural  importance  indices:  a  comparative  analysis  based  on  the  useful  wild  plants  of  Southern   Cantabria  (Northern  Spain)  1.  Economic  Botany  62:  24-­‐‑39.
  14. 14. Results     Ethnobotany •  Results for >100 plant species Flore  du  Cambodge,  du  Laos  et  du  Viêtnam  1950   Flore  générale  de  l’Indochine  1960   Specimens  at  SPERI  /  Vu  Van  Can,  Hanoi,  Vietnam
  15. 15. Results   Species  &  UR Ethnic Group Plant citations Use Reports (UR) Tay 45 23.32% 409 30.21% Dao 45 23.32% 135 9.97% Sach 36 18.65% 269 19.87% Kinh 25 12.95% 165 12.19% Tai 13 6.74% 119 8.79% Ma Lieng 12 6.22% 101 7.46% Hmong 10 5.18% 100 7.39% Xinh Mun 6 3.11% 47 3.47% Lu 1 0.52% 9 0.66% Total 193 100% 1,354 100%
  16. 16. Results   Gender  and  Plant  Use Informants Plants   Age Plants Used UR Spiritual Conservation All 60.07'±10.38 66.11' ±32.62 6.64' ±4.66 1.74' ±1.24 1.28' ±0.57 Female 54.83' ±5.46 54.87' ±31.88 5.76' ±4.62 1.42' ±1.15 2.46' ±1.09 Male 66.2' ±11.4 79.26' ±28.41 7.68' ±4.5 2.11' ±1.24 1.37' ±0.62
  17. 17. Plant  Species     Summary  Statistics Spiritual Conservation UR Abundance Vulnerability 2.46 ±3.07 1.8 ±1.52 9.37 ±12.26 0.97 ±0.77 0.56 ±1.11 1.25 0.84 1.31 0.79 1.99 Flore  du  Cambodge,  du  Laos  et  du  Viêtnam  1950   Flore  générale  de  l’Indochine  1960   (Mean  &  SD  over  CV)
  18. 18. Results   Plant  Use  and  Plant  Ecology Plant Usability Plant Ecology Spiritual Conservation UR Abundance Vulnerability Spiritual - 0.787 0.924 0.709 0.518 Conservation < 2.2e-16 - 0.792 0.660 0.622 Use < 2.2e-16 < 2.2e-16 - 0.699 0.457 Abundance < 2.2e-16 4.22e-15 < 2.2e-16 - 0.450 Vulnerability 6.90e-09 4.29e-13 3.85e-09 7.88e-07 - (Pearson'ʹs  Product-­‐‑moment)
  19. 19. Conclusions/Discussion •  culture (especially spirituality) are an important contributor to plant conservation practices •  Increase sampling effort and travel to communities
  20. 20. Acknowledgements •  Young Indigenous Leaders Development Strategy (YIELDS) Mr. Vu Ly Seo, Mr. Su Giang A, Ms. Chung Giang Thi, Ms. Giong, Ms. Ve, and Mr. Pha Lee (Hmong ethnic minority community), Mr. Viengphet Panoudom, Ms. Bua Pha, Ms. Inta, Mr. Phonh Lamany, Ms. Vilay, Mr. Anong Soukphaphone (Kho Mu ethnic minority community), Mr. Duoc Hoang Van (Tay ethnic minority community), and Mr. Dung Nguyen Tien, Mr. Dung Bui Tien (Kinh ethnic group); a volunteer from AusAID's Volunteering for International Development (VIDA) Mr. David Bauer (Australia), and student volunteer Ms. Miriam van Muijlwijk (the Netherlands); interns from the International Network of Engaged Buddhists (INEB), Mr. Amit Kumar Shakya (India), Mr. Myo Myat (Myanmar); and staff-members of the Social Policy Ecology Research Institute (SPERI) Mr. Phạm văn Dũng, Mr. Le Van Ca, and Mr. Duong Quang Chau.
  21. 21. Literature •  Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Viêtnam 1950 •  Flore générale de l’Indochine 1960 •  LANH T.T. Unpublished. Biological Human Ecology and Structural Poverty in Community Development Work among Ethnic Minorities of the Mekong River Valley. •  PHILLIPS O. & GENTRY A.H. 1993. The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru: I. Statistical hypotheses tests with a new quantitative technique. Economic Botany 47: 15-32. •  RAMBO A.T. 1983. Conceptual Approaches To Human Ecology. Honolulu, Hawaii: East-West Environment and Policy Institute. •  SPERI 2013. Ethnobotany Research; An Approach to Biological Human Ecology Theory. Hanoi, Vietnam: Knowledge Publishing (Nhà xuất bản Tri thức). •  TARDÍO J. & PARDO-DE-SANTAYANA M. 2008. Cultural importance indices: a comparative analysis based on the useful wild plants of Southern Cantabria (Northern Spain) 1. Economic Botany 62: 24-39.

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