Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Christianity vs. Islam
An Examination of Two Contrasting Worldviews
GENE 100 The Making of a Christian Mind
Christianity vs.
Term Christianity Islam
Afterlife
Christians will be with the Lord in heaven (Phil. 1:21-24), in our
resurrected bodies (1...
Term Christianity Islam
Jesus
Second person of the Trinity. He is the word who became
flesh (John 1:1, 14). He is both God...
ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:
Contrasting WorldviewsContrasting Worldviews
 Muhammad put hisMuhammad put his
e...
THE FIVE PILLARS OF
ISLAM
Shahadah: “There is no god but Allah, and
Muhammad is his prophet”
Salah: Turning to Mecca to ...
ContrastingContrasting WorldviewsWorldviews
Shortly after the end of the Cold War, SamuelShortly after the end of the Cold...
WOMEN & ISLAMWOMEN & ISLAM
 A man may divorce hisA man may divorce his
wife by repeating “Iwife by repeating “I
divorce y...
WOMEN & ISLAMWOMEN & ISLAM
 The Quran teaches:The Quran teaches:
“Righteous women are“Righteous women are
therefore obedi...
WOMEN & CHRISTIANITYWOMEN & CHRISTIANITY
 The Bible teaches: That
Man is completed with
Women – Genesis 2:18-24
She is a ...
WOMEN & CHRISTIANITYWOMEN & CHRISTIANITY
 The Bible teaches: That
Man is completed with
Women: Proverbs 31:10-31
“Who can...
PSALMSPSALMS - "We have sent thee- "We have sent thee
inspiration, as We sent it to Noah andinspiration, as We sent it to ...
ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:
Contrasting WorldviewsContrasting Worldviews
 Islam began with aIslam began with...
ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:
Contrasting WorldviewsContrasting Worldviews
 The “story” of Christianity makes ...
What is Islam?
• Islam
(“submission”) is
the religion of all
who believe that
Muhammad was
God’s prophet.
Theology
• Monotheism
• Shirk (Idolatry)
No other God’s
• Allah was the supreme god of
polytheism in that area.
• In Arabi...
Anthropology
• Adam was the first man, created in
heaven and removed after he sinned
• Mankind was created innocent but ch...
Qur’ an
• Dependence on the Jewish Talmud,
Jewish apocrypha, Christian apocrypha,
and Zoroastrian doctrines
• Borrows impo...
Qur’an (Koran)
Angel Gabriel
Muhammad
Companions
Zayd ibn Thabit
Uthman
Salvation
• Good works consist of
the five/six pillars:
– Reciting the
confession (shahada)
– Prayer
– Fasting
– Almsgivin...
Final Things
• This life is a preparation for the next
• Every person will taste death
• Two angels will question the dead...
ResourcesResources
 WebsitesWebsites
– www.answering–islam.orgwww.answering–islam.org
– www.rim.orgwww.rim.org
– www.prob...
ResourcesResources
 Bible, Holman Christian Study. (Apologetics Study Bible) Holman Christian
Study Bible (HCSB). Nasvill...
Activity Exemplary Good Satisfactory Fair Poor
Research &
Note-taking on
Storyboard
(10 points possible)
Storyboard indica...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

An examination of two contrasting worldviews christianity vs. islam

1,100 views

Published on

A detailed and vibrant discussion of the two worldviews of Christianity verse Islam.

Published in: Spiritual

An examination of two contrasting worldviews christianity vs. islam

  1. 1. Christianity vs. Islam An Examination of Two Contrasting Worldviews GENE 100 The Making of a Christian Mind
  2. 2. Christianity vs.
  3. 3. Term Christianity Islam Afterlife Christians will be with the Lord in heaven (Phil. 1:21-24), in our resurrected bodies (1 Cor. 15:50-58). Non-Christians will be cast into hell forever (Matt. 25:46). There is an afterlife (75:12) experienced as either an ideal life of Paradise (29:64), for faithful Muslims or Hell for those who are not. Angels Created beings, non-human, some of which, fell into sin and became evil. They are very powerful. The unfallen angels carry out the will of God. Created beings without free will that serve God. Angels were created from light. Atonement The sacrifice of Christ on the cross (1 Pet. 2:24) whereby His blood becomes the sacrifice that turns away the wrath of God (1 John 2:2) from the sinner when the sinner receives (John 1:12), by faith (Rom. 5:1), the work of Christ on the cross. There is no atonement work in Islam other than a sincere confession of sin and repentance by the sinner. Bible The inspired and inerrant word of God in the original manuscripts (2 Tim. 3:16). Respected word of the prophets but the Bible has been corrupted through the centuries and is only correct in so far as it agrees with the Koran.   Crucifixion The place where Jesus atoned for the sins of the world. It is only through this sacrifice that anyone can be saved from the wrath of God (1 Pet. 2:24). Jesus did not die on the cross. Instead, God allowed Judas to look like Jesus and he was crucified instead. Devil A fallen Angel who opposes God in all ways. He also seeks to destroy humanity (Isaiah 14:12-15; Ezek. 28:13-15). Iblis, a fallen jinn. Jinn are not angels nor men, but created beings with free wills. Jinn were created from fire, (2:268; 114:1-6). God God is a trinity of persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity is not three gods in one god, nor is it one person who took three forms. Trinitarianism is strictly monotheistic. There is no other God in existence. God is known as Allah. Allah is one person, a strict unity. There is no other God in existence. He is the creator of the universe (3:191), sovereign over all (6:61-62). Heaven (Paradise) The place where God dwells. Heaven is the eventual home of the Christians who are saved by God's grace. It is heaven because it is where God is and Christians will enjoy eternal Fellowship with Him. Paradise to Muslims, a place of unimaginable bliss (32:17), a garden with trees and food (13:35;15:45-48) where the desires of faithful Muslims are met, (3:133; 9:38; 13:35; 39:34; 43:71; 53:13-15). Hell A place of torment in fire out of the presence of God. There is no escape from Hell (Matt. 25:46). Hell is a place of eternal punishment and torment (14:17; 25:65; 39:26), in fire (104:6-7) for those who are not Muslims (3:131) as well as those who were and whose works and faith were not sufficient (14:17; 25:65; 104:6-7). Holy Spirit Third person of the Trinity. The Holy Spirit is fully God in nature. The arch-angel Gabriel who delivered the words of the Koran to Muhammad. Comparison grid between Christianity and Islamic doctrine
  4. 4. Term Christianity Islam Jesus Second person of the Trinity. He is the word who became flesh (John 1:1, 14). He is both God and man (Col. 2:9). A very great prophet, second only to Muhammad. Jesus is not the son of God (9:30) and certainly is not divine (5:17, 75)) and he was not crucified (4:157). Judgment Day Occurs on the day of resurrection (John 12;48) where God will judge all people. Christians go to heaven. All others to hell (Matt. 25:46). Occurs on the day of resurrection where God will judge all people. Muslims go to paradise (3:142, 183-185, 198). All others to hell (3:196-197). Judgment is based on a person's deeds (5:9; 42:26; 8:29). Koran, The The work of Muhammad. It is not inspired, nor is it scripture. There is no verification for its accurate transmission from the originals. The final revelation of God to all of mankind given through the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad over a 23 year period. It is without error and guarded from error by Allah. Man Made in the image of God (Gen. 1:26). This does not mean that God has a body, but that man is made like God in abilities (reason, faith, love, etc.). Not made in the image of God (42:11). Man is made out of the dust of the earth (23:12) and Allah breathed life into man (32:9; 15:29). Muhammad A non-inspired man born in 570 in Mecca who started the Islamic religion. The last and greatest of all prophets of Allah whose Qur'an is the greatest of all inspired books. Original Sin This is a term used to describe the effect of Adam's sin on his descendants (Rom. 5:12-23). Specifically, it is our inheritance of a sinful nature from Adam. The sinful nature originated with Adam and is passed down from parent to child. We are by nature children of wrath (Eph. 2:3). There is no original sin. All people are sinless until they rebel against God. They do not have sinful natures. Resurrection Bodily resurrection of all people, non-Christians to damnation and Christians are resurrected to eternal life (1 Cor. 15:50- 58). Bodily resurrection, some to heaven, some to hell (3:77; 15:25;75:36-40; 22:6). Salvation A free gift of God (Eph. 2:8-9) to the person who trusts in Christ and His sacrifice on the cross. He is our mediator (1 Tim. 2:5). No works are sufficient in any way to merit salvation since our works are all unacceptable to God (Isaiah 64:6). Forgiveness of sins is obtained by Allah's grace without a mediator. The Muslim must believe Allah exists, believe in the fundamental doctrines of Islam, believe that Muhammad is his prophet, and follow the commands of Allah given in the Koran. Son of God A term used to designate that Jesus is divine though he is not the literal son of God in a physical sense (John 5:18). A literal son of God. Therefore, Jesus cannot be the son of Allah. Word, The "In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God...and the word became flesh and dwelt among us..." (John 1:1, 14). Allah's command of existence which resulted in Jesus being formed in the womb of Mary. Comparison grid between Christianity and Islamic doctrine)
  5. 5. ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY: Contrasting WorldviewsContrasting Worldviews  Muhammad put hisMuhammad put his enemies to the sword andenemies to the sword and confiscated their propertyconfiscated their property and wives; commandedand wives; commanded his followers to fight forhis followers to fight for their faith; taught thattheir faith; taught that those who died in battlethose who died in battle would enter paradise; andwould enter paradise; and died a natural death afterdied a natural death after consolidating his powerconsolidating his power and wealth.and wealth.  Jesus told his disciples toJesus told his disciples to “put away the sword”“put away the sword” (John(John 18:11)18:11); healed the one; healed the one wound inflicted by hiswound inflicted by his followersfollowers (Luke 22:51)(Luke 22:51);; allowed his enemies toallowed his enemies to take his lifetake his life (1 Peter 2:21-(1 Peter 2:21- 24)24); and prayed from the; and prayed from the cross for those who werecross for those who were executing himexecuting him (Luke 23:34.)(Luke 23:34.)
  6. 6. THE FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM Shahadah: “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet” Salah: Turning to Mecca to pray 5 times a day Sawm: Fasting during daylight hours through the month of Ramadan Zakat: Setting aside 2.5% of income to benefit the Muslim community Hajj: A once-in-a-lifetime pilgrimage to Mecca
  7. 7. ContrastingContrasting WorldviewsWorldviews Shortly after the end of the Cold War, SamuelShortly after the end of the Cold War, Samuel Huntington, professor of government atHuntington, professor of government at Harvard, predicted that in the future seriousHarvard, predicted that in the future serious competition would lessen between nation-competition would lessen between nation- states or political ideologies.states or political ideologies. Instead, Huntington predicted an era of growingInstead, Huntington predicted an era of growing competition betweencompetition between civilizationscivilizations: i.e.,: i.e., religion, ethnicity, and cultural values.religion, ethnicity, and cultural values.
  8. 8. WOMEN & ISLAMWOMEN & ISLAM  A man may divorce hisA man may divorce his wife by repeating “Iwife by repeating “I divorce you” 3 times.divorce you” 3 times.  In court, a woman’sIn court, a woman’s testimony is worth onlytestimony is worth only half that of a man andhalf that of a man and her inheritance rightsher inheritance rights are lesser.are lesser.  The United NationsThe United Nations has condemned thehas condemned the Taliban in AfghanistanTaliban in Afghanistan for their brutalfor their brutal treatment of women.treatment of women.
  9. 9. WOMEN & ISLAMWOMEN & ISLAM  The Quran teaches:The Quran teaches: “Righteous women are“Righteous women are therefore obedient,therefore obedient, guarding the secret forguarding the secret for God’s guarding. And thoseGod’s guarding. And those you fear may be rebelliousyou fear may be rebellious admonish; banish them toadmonish; banish them to their couches, andtheir couches, and beatbeat themthem” (Surah 4:35)” (Surah 4:35)
  10. 10. WOMEN & CHRISTIANITYWOMEN & CHRISTIANITY  The Bible teaches: That Man is completed with Women – Genesis 2:18-24 She is a help mate (vs.18) She is part of man (vs.20-21) Math does not add up: 1 1 2 but 1 (vs. 23-24)
  11. 11. WOMEN & CHRISTIANITYWOMEN & CHRISTIANITY  The Bible teaches: That Man is completed with Women: Proverbs 31:10-31 “Who can find a capable wife?” (vs. 10) Her husband trust her. (vs. 13-15) Is able to think on her own (vs. 16-18) Is able to work hard for all her family needs. (vs. 19-22a) Her husband is blessed by her works. (vs. 22b-25) She feels bless and is with all she finds herself doing; and Her month is full of blessings and her kids say so too. (vs. 26-31)
  12. 12. PSALMSPSALMS - "We have sent thee- "We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah andinspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him: we sentthe Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac,inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job,Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and solomon, andJonah, Aaron, and solomon, and toto David We gave the PsalmsDavid We gave the Psalms," (4:163).," (4:163). GOSPELGOSPEL - "It is He Who sent down to- "It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book,thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; andconfirming what went before it; and HeHe sent down the Law (of Moses) and thesent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus)Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guidebefore this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down theto mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between rightcriterion (of judgment between right and wrong)," (3:3).and wrong)," (3:3). Also, "And in their footsteps We sentAlso, "And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming theJesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him:Law that had come before him: We sentWe sent him the Gospelhim the Gospel: therein was guidance: therein was guidance and lightand light
  13. 13. ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY: Contrasting WorldviewsContrasting Worldviews  Islam began with aIslam began with a brief period ofbrief period of persecution andpersecution and quickly becamequickly became powerful.powerful.  Muhammad claimedMuhammad claimed to be a prophet ofto be a prophet of the one true God.the one true God.  Muhammad amassedMuhammad amassed political power andpolitical power and created an earthlycreated an earthly kingdom.kingdom.  Christianity began as aChristianity began as a persecuted minority andpersecuted minority and flourished in spite offlourished in spite of continued persecution.continued persecution.  Jesus claimed to be theJesus claimed to be the Son of the one true God.Son of the one true God.  Jesus resisted theJesus resisted the temptation of Satan totemptation of Satan to reign over an earthlyreign over an earthly kingdomkingdom (Matthew 4:8-10,(Matthew 4:8-10, John 18:36-37).John 18:36-37).
  14. 14. ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY:ISLAM & CHRISTIANTY: Contrasting WorldviewsContrasting Worldviews  The “story” of Christianity makes an explicitThe “story” of Christianity makes an explicit distinction between the temporal and the spiritual;distinction between the temporal and the spiritual; the “story” of Islam is one of an all-encompassingthe “story” of Islam is one of an all-encompassing system of religious, political, and military power.system of religious, political, and military power.  It is true that Muslims may be “peaceful” when aIt is true that Muslims may be “peaceful” when a minority in a strong democratic nation. When theyminority in a strong democratic nation. When they hold the reins of temporal power in an Islamichold the reins of temporal power in an Islamic state, however, it is often a different reality forstate, however, it is often a different reality for non-Muslims.non-Muslims.
  15. 15. What is Islam? • Islam (“submission”) is the religion of all who believe that Muhammad was God’s prophet.
  16. 16. Theology • Monotheism • Shirk (Idolatry) No other God’s • Allah was the supreme god of polytheism in that area. • In Arabia the sun god was viewed as female, the moon as male. The moon god was referred to as Allah
  17. 17. Anthropology • Adam was the first man, created in heaven and removed after he sinned • Mankind was created innocent but chose to sin – Mankind is misled but not fallen – We are inherently weak, frail, and imperfect. We are vague of God.
  18. 18. Qur’ an • Dependence on the Jewish Talmud, Jewish apocrypha, Christian apocrypha, and Zoroastrian doctrines • Borrows important practices from pre- Islamic and pagan Arabia such as those surrounding the visits to the hills of Safa and Marwas in the hajj ceremony, and also the throwing of stones against a stone pillar symbolizing Satan
  19. 19. Qur’an (Koran) Angel Gabriel Muhammad Companions Zayd ibn Thabit Uthman
  20. 20. Salvation • Good works consist of the five/six pillars: – Reciting the confession (shahada) – Prayer – Fasting – Almsgiving – Pilgrimage to Mecca – Jihad
  21. 21. Final Things • This life is a preparation for the next • Every person will taste death • Two angels will question the dead in the grave (Munkar and Nakir) • Unbelievers will be tormented in the grave and after the final resurrection • The “Final Hour” will be preceded by disintegration of nature and universal sin
  22. 22. ResourcesResources  WebsitesWebsites – www.answering–islam.orgwww.answering–islam.org – www.rim.orgwww.rim.org – www.probe.orgwww.probe.org  BooksBooks – Answering Islam: The Crescent In The Light Of TheAnswering Islam: The Crescent In The Light Of The CrossCross, Norman Geisler & Abdul Saleeb, Norman Geisler & Abdul Saleeb – Islam RevealedIslam Revealed, Dr. Anis A. Shorrosh, Dr. Anis A. Shorrosh – The Islamic Invasion: Confronting the World’s FastestThe Islamic Invasion: Confronting the World’s Fastest Growing ReligionGrowing Religion, Robert Morey, Robert Morey – The Oxford History of IslamThe Oxford History of Islam, Ed. John L. Esposito, Ed. John L. Esposito
  23. 23. ResourcesResources  Bible, Holman Christian Study. (Apologetics Study Bible) Holman Christian Study Bible (HCSB). Nasville: Holman Bible Publishers, 2003.  En, Diff. Comare Anything. 10 July 2013. 10 July 2013. <http://www.diffen.com/difference/Christianity_vs_Islam>.  Fleming, Marrianne and David Worden. Thinking About God and Morality. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers, 2005.  Helm, Paul. "Ancient Origins: Philosophy of Religion." 10 July 2013. Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 July 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/497132/philosophy-of-religion>.  McDermott, Gerald R. "First Thing." 04 June 2013. www.firstthings.com. 14 July 2013. <http://www.firstthings.com/onthesquare/2013/06/no-the-god-of- the-qurrsquoan-is-not-the-god-of-the-bible>.  Rieber, Ney. Islam Does Not Mean Peace. 10 July 2013. 10 July 2013. <http://www.bible.ca/islam/islam-kills-not-peaceful.htm>.  Unknown. 00 July 2013. Anwsering Islam (A Christian-Dialog). Website. 17 July 2013. <http://www.answering-islam.org/>.
  24. 24. Activity Exemplary Good Satisfactory Fair Poor Research & Note-taking on Storyboard (10 points possible) Storyboard indicates accurate research & planning from 4+ varied information sources on 20 (±2) slides. 9-10 points Storyboard indicates research and planning from 4 varied information sources on 20 (±2) slides. 8 points Storyboard is filled out with important points from adequate sources on 20 (±2) slides. 7 points 2 or fewer (very similar) information sources used as key sources. Storyboard is incomplete and less than 18 slides in presentation. 5-6 points Storyboard is incomplete and inadequate. 0-4 points Introduction (10 points possible) Gives overall topic and draws in the audience. 9-10 points Introduction relates to the topic and is clear. 8 points Introduction indicates some relationship to the topic but the connection is vague. 7 points Introduction indicates little relationship to the topic and the connection is vague. 5-6 points Introduction does not provide a brief overview to the subject. 0-4 points Content (40 points possible) A biblically-based WV presented with all 4 key questions addressed using robust and accurate information/references. An alternative WV presented with all 4 key questions addressed and supported using robust & accurate information/references. 2 or more external scholarly sources utilized for each WV presented. Clear and concise biblical and textbook referencing used to support both WVs 36-40 points A biblically-based WV presented with all 4 key questions addressed using information/references that are appropriate. An alternative WV presented with 4 key questions addressed and supported using appropriate information/references. 2 or more external scholarly sources utilized for one but not both WVs. Biblical and textbook referencing used but with some proof-texting applied. 32-35 points A biblically-based WV presented with less than 4 key questions addressed using information/references that are adequate, missing key points of information. An alternative WV presented with less than 4 key questions addressed using information/references that are adequate, missing key points of info. 1-2 external sources utilized for one but not both WVs and/or the sources lack scholarly content. Biblical and textbook referencing used but with proof-texting used extensively. 28-31 points A biblically-based WV presented with 3 or less than key questions addressed using information/references that are inadequate, missing key points of information. An alternative WV presented with 3 or less key questions addressed using inadequate information/references, missing key points of info. 0-1 external sources utilized for only one WV and/or the sources lack scholarly content. Biblical and textbook referencing minimally used and is taken out of context, is confusing, or distracting from presentation content. 24-27 points A WV presented lacking answers to the 4 key questions with information/references that are inadequate or superficial at best. No alternative WV presented (or presented with gaping holes in information/references that fail to address key points of info). External sources are non-existent and/or are from public media sources only. Biblical and textbook referencing non- existent. 0-23 points Text Elements (10 points possible) No more than 2 fonts are used. Text does not overwhelm the slide. Background is exceptionally attractive and appealing to audience. 9-10 points No more than 2 fonts are used. Text does not overwhelm the slide. Background is attractive and appealing to audience. 8 points Most fonts easy to read, but occasionally font style, italics, long paragraphs, color or busy backgrounds detract from readability and appeal to audience. 7 points Busy background, lack of use of bullets/indents, poor color contrasting, more than 2 font styles used. Less than appealing to audience. 5-6 points Ineffective use of background, bullets/indents, color contrasting, fonts, etc. Distracting to audience. 0-4 points Graphics, Sound and/or Animations (10 points possible) Enhance the presentation, highlighting the audience’s understanding of the ideas. Graphics and text are synchronized, creating a pleasurable experience for the audience. 9-10 points Assist in highlighting the audience’s understanding of the ideas. Graphics and text are somewhat synchronized, creating a positive experience for the audience. 8 points Visually depict topic and assist the audience’s understanding of the ideas. Images are proper size & resolution. Images/text do not cross over. 7 points Graphics and text appear to be somewhat unrelated to content. Animations cross over each other. Moderately distracting, busy, and detract from presentation. 5-6 points Graphics and text appear to be largely unrelated to content. Animations cross over each other. Considerably distracting, busy, and detract from presentation. 0-4 points Writing Mechanics (10 points possible) The text is written with no errors in grammar, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. 9-10 points The text is clearly written with little or no editing required for grammar, punctuation, and spelling. 8 points Several errors in spelling, capitalization, punctuation, and grammar repeatedly occur with editing and revision required. 7 points Numerous errors in spelling, capitalization, punctuation, and grammar repeatedly occur with editing and revision required. 5-6 points Profuse errors in spelling, capitalization, punctuation, and grammar requiring complete rewriting or revision. 0-4 points Works Cited (10 points possible) A minimum of 4 resources are noted on the last slide. Clear and accurate usage of Turabian, APA, or MLA. 9-10 points (Derived in part from: http://www.rubrician.com/technology.ht m) All sources are noted. There is a minimum of 4 resources used. Turabian, APA, or MLAused, but with some errors. 8 points 2-3 resources are listed; only slight difference between types of resources. Good use of Turabian, APA, or MLA. 7 points 2-3 resources are listed; only slight difference between types of resources. Fair to poor use of Turabian, APA, or MLA. 5-6 points 0-2 resources listed with only slight to no difference between types of resources. Improper use of Turabian, APA, or MLA. 0-4 points

×