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Top Ideas for Urbanization

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In cooperation with the Research and Evaluation Division of BRAC, Copenhagen Consensus Center organized roundtable discussions with an aim to figure out smarter solutions to the most problematic issues facing Bangladesh.

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Top Ideas for Urbanization

  1. 1. Urbanization Research Ideas Dhaka June, 2015
  2. 2. Bangladesh Priorities WORKING WITH 30-50 economists including Nobel Laureates, 100+ sector experts engaging major development organizations, NGOs, government, businesses, youths, rural and urban Bangladeshis to identify, analyze and prioritize interventions that will deliver greater benefit per taka spent, helping move Bangladesh towards Vision 2021 and a more prosperous long term future.
  3. 3. In cooperation with the Research and Evaluation Division of BRAC, Copenhagen Consensus Center organized roundtable discussions with an aim to figure out smarter solutions to the most problematic issues facing Bangladesh. These roundtables are one of several sources for research ideas. Sourcing ideas and solutions Smarter solutions for Bangladesh Complete set of papers on 30-50 solutions PRIORITIZATION Government NGOs Academia Pvt sector Think tanks Development organizations Eminent Panel Assessment Government and donor seminars Rural polls Newspaper polls among readers Youth forums across the country Private sector meetings Social, economic and environmental benefit-cost research by top Bangladeshi, and international economists Extensive peer review by sector experts and academics 100+ ideas on policies & investments 20162015 Continuous engagement with the public via electronic, print and social media Working with civil society, government and sector experts Widely advocating results of prioritization exercises OUTREACH
  4. 4. Research Ideas
  5. 5. Urbanization; (1 of 6) • Provide new type of financing for low-cost housing (in between micro-credit and traditional loans). • Build more east-west roads in Dhaka. • Establish satellite townships around Dhaka. • Establish and improve transport to satellite suburbs around Dhaka. • Limit immigration to the Capital. • Develop a distinct financial district in Dhaka. • Create a high-powered body to holistically plan and oversee development in Dhaka (fewer standalone projects).
  6. 6. Urbanization; (2 of 6) • Provide education and healthcare services found in the Capital to rural areas. • Establish infrastructure to facilitate RMG factories relocation outside major metropolitan cities. • Tax new, free-standing housing (encourage high density housing). • Improve drainage system of cities. • Establish health centers in slums. • Improve infrastructure resilience against natural disasters and earthquakes. • Congestion tax or regulate number of cars in Dhaka. • More public transport in Dhaka.
  7. 7. Urbanization; (3 of 6) • Increase autonomy of local bodies for accelerated service delivery. • Ensure a competitive but regulated market in land, housing finance and building materials. • Improve road safety for pedestrian traffic. • Relocation of urban poor to city’s outskirts. • Investing in R&D for improving infrastructure management system. • Set up public-private-partnership (PPP) for establishment of low-cost housing facilities. • Set up a separate ministry to deal with urbanization. • Conduct regular land settlement mapping.
  8. 8. Urbanization; (4 of 6) • Strengthen municipality and city corporation bodies. • Engage communities in projects related to tackling urban poverty. • Assess the impact of climate change on urban water and sanitation facilities. • Encourage agricultural activities in city and fringe areas. • Promote use of unused land by the poor within the city or fringe areas of Dhaka for cultivation of fruits, vegetables and flowers. • Improve sanitation facilities.
  9. 9. Urbanization; (5 of 6) • Ensure urban poor’s rights to basic services i.e., housing, water and sanitation. • Legalize illegal slum settlements. • Establish affordable health facilities in urban areas. • Enhance urban poor’s access to low cost fruits and vegetables. • Strengthen community clinics to reduce dependency on Dhaka’s specialized hospitals. • Regulate traffic flows in Dhaka following the Kolkata model (one-way street system in the morning and evening).
  10. 10. Urbanization; (6 of 6) • Scale up UNDP’s Urban Partnerships for Poverty Reduction (UPPR) project. • Community level savings and credit schemes for community housing development. • Relocate offices, private schools and hospitals from residential areas.
  11. 11. Full List of Attendees and Interviewees Sarder Shafiqul Alam, Coordinator, International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD). Alayne M.Adams.PhD, Senior Social Scientist, Centre for Equity and Health System. MD.Asif Rahman, Lecturer, BRAC University. Tazrina Habib Ananya, Research Associate, C3ER, BRAC University. S.A.Mamun, Programme Specialist, UNICEF. Dr.Margub Aref Jahangir, Health Officer, UNICEF. Kazi Nazrul Fattah, Program Head, BRAC Urban Program. Sara Bumsted, Gender Policy Advisor, UNDP. Palash Das, ACD, UNDP. Jay Malette, JPC, UNDP. Nabeera Rahman, UNV,UNDP. Suhel Ahmed Choudhury, Former Commerce Secretary & Former Chairman, Janata Bank. Reasat Kamal, Manager, BRAC Urban Program. Shamim Hossain, RA, BUDP. Dilruba Haider, Program Coordinator, UN Women. Rechal Lorenz, Senior Infrastructure Adviser, UNPOS. Ferdou Jahan, PhD. Professor, Public Administration.

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