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Top Ideas for Climate Change

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In cooperation with the Research and Evaluation Division of BRAC, Copenhagen Consensus Center organized roundtable discussions with an aim to figure out smarter solutions to the most problematic issues facing Bangladesh.

Published in: Environment
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Top Ideas for Climate Change

  1. 1. Climate Change Research Ideas Dhaka May 31, 2015
  2. 2. Bangladesh Priorities WORKING WITH 30-50 economists including Nobel Laureates, 100+ sector experts engaging major development organizations, NGOs, government, businesses, youths, rural and urban Bangladeshis to identify, analyze and prioritize interventions that will deliver greater benefit per taka spent, helping move Bangladesh towards Vision 2021 and a more prosperous long term future.
  3. 3. In cooperation with the Research and Evaluation Division of BRAC, Copenhagen Consensus Center organized roundtable discussions with an aim to figure out smarter solutions to the most problematic issues facing Bangladesh. These roundtables are one of several sources for research ideas. Sourcing ideas and solutions Smarter solutions for Bangladesh Complete set of papers on 30-50 solutions PRIORITIZATION Government NGOs Academia Pvt sector Think tanks Development organizations Eminent Panel Assessment Government and donor seminars Rural polls Newspaper polls among readers Youth forums across the country Private sector meetings Social, economic and environmental benefit-cost research by top Bangladeshi, and international economists Extensive peer review by sector experts and academics 100+ ideas on policies & investments 20162015 Continuous engagement with the public via electronic, print and social media Working with civil society, government and sector experts Widely advocating results of prioritization exercises OUTREACH
  4. 4. Research Ideas
  5. 5. Climate Change; (1 of 8) • Phase out fossil fuel subsidies. • Increase use of renewable energy such as solar, wind and hydro power. • Increase use of 'off grid' solar for remote areas. • Educate school-going children about climate change and its effects. • Encourage use of solar power in irrigation. • Conserve fresh water from rainfall and prevent its loss occurring from surface runoff. • Prevent over-exploitation of groundwater (especially in irrigation activities).
  6. 6. Climate Change; (2 of 8) • Use the card system used for irrigation (in Barind area) for conservation of ground water. • Encourage farmers to use AWD as a water-saving alternate irrigation method. • Introduce rationing of irrigation water and charge fees based on volume of water used. • Increasing the height of aisles between farmlands by 6 inches to conserve 60-70% of rainwater. • Small rivers can be cross dammed in suitable places to store water for irrigation. • Recharge sub-surface water level.
  7. 7. Climate Change; (3 of 8) • Provide alternative cash crops to coastal farmers to discourage shrimp farming, which is increasing salinity. • Update Environment Policy of 1992. • Research on migration from climate vulnerable areas and impact on livelihood systems. • Rainfall pattern and crop planting pattern should be synchronized. • Raising awareness regarding climate change mitigation and carbon emissions. • Community involvement in natural resource management, particularly women.
  8. 8. Climate Change; (4 of 8) • Disaster management information dissemination in Haor areas through radios and mobile phones. • Tidal surge pillars for recording tides mileage. • Improve water governance. • Use of Teesta barrage to conserve water. • Reducing social conflicts over water resource sharing. • Digging canals and ponds for conserving water. • Early investment to change thinking and traditional dependency on fossil fuels. • Enhance use of ‘Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund’ and ‘Bangladesh Climate Change Resilient Fund’ to support forestry sub-sector
  9. 9. Climate Change; (5 of 8) • Project prioritized actions in annual, three years, five years and long term budget framework to demonstrate demands for climate budget. • Enhance climate change adaptation financing through the Green Climate Fund. • Strengthen national early warning systems regarding cyclones, storm surge and floods for more accurate forecasts. • Repair and rehabilitate river embankments and drainage systems. • Mainstreaming climate change adaptation into annual development plan projects.
  10. 10. Climate Change; (6 of 8) • Prioritize building cyclone shelters across coastal zones, based on population density. • Implementation of Gender Action Plan on Climate in collaboration with relevant ministries. • Implement a major nationwide program of social forestry and coastal ‘greenbelts’. • Enhance understanding on low carbon development targeting officials at both national and local level. • Large RMG and textile manufacturers can tap into multilateral expertise and funding to switch to cost- effective production.
  11. 11. Climate Change; (7 of 8) • Identify an anchor institution for improvement in coordination and communication among different institutions working towards climate change mitigation. • Increase investment in research and innovation, for development of salinity and flood tolerant variety of rice and vegetables. • Reduce greenhouse gases from manufacturing industries such as cement and steel rerolling. • Provide incentives to reduce emissions in the dairy sector. • BCCSAP revised, evaluated and prioritized to establish synergy with strategic decisions.
  12. 12. Climate Change; (8 of 8) • Behavior change communication initiatives alongside non-pecuniary means to encourage energy conservation. • Formulation of the Bangladesh Delta Plan-2100 for combating the effects of climate change. • Create incentives for design, implementation and maintenance of disaster risk reduction investments at local level. • Explore women’s involvement and potential in climate change mitigation. • Investment in the up-gradation of current institutional setup to utilize the whole-of-government approach for climate change readiness.
  13. 13. Full List of Attendees and Interviewees Moyen Uddin Ahmed, Sr. Manager, BRAC DECC. Shrabana Datta, Sr. Researcher, Mesovision Consultancy Ltd. Dr. Md. Abdur Rashid, Chief Scientific Officer & Head, BRRI. Md. Quamrul Islam, Director, VERC. Dr. Sujit K. Bala, Professor, BUET. Dr. Nepal C. Dey, Sr. Research Fellow, BRAC RED. Ratnajit Saha, Sr. Research Associate, BRAC RED. Dr. Mahfuzul Haque, Adjunct Faculty, University of Dhaka. Ina F. Islam, Deputy Director, ICCCAD, IUB. Shabel Firuz, Country Director, Islamic Relief. Mahfuzar Rahman, Program Head, BRAC RED. Mizanur Rahman, Consultant, Drinkwell. Md. Reaz Uddin Khan, Lecturer, C3ER, BRAC University.

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