Arthur Miller & The Crucible


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Arthur Miller & The Crucible

  1. 1. Arthur Miller The Crucible
  2. 2. Arthur Miller 1915–2005
  3. 3. Biography <ul><li>1915 Arthur Aster Miller born on October 17th in New York City. </li></ul><ul><li>1923 Sees first play--a melodrama at the Shubert Theater. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Father's business struggling: family moves to Brooklyn. </li></ul><ul><li>1933 Graduates from Abraham Lincoln High School. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Registers for night school at City College but quits after two weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>1933-34 Clerked in an auto-parts warehouse, where he experienced anti-semitism. </li></ul><ul><li>1934 Enters University of Michigan to study journalism. </li></ul>
  6. 6. No Villain <ul><li>1936 Writes No Villain in six days. and receives an award. </li></ul><ul><li>The play, &quot;No Villain,&quot; was about a family quarrel about a garment factory strike. Based loosely on Miller's family, it won the Hopwood Award in a matter of months and was produced in Detroit in a revised version, retitled “Until the Dawn.” </li></ul><ul><li>Changed major to English. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Writes plays in college and afterwards. </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Meets Clifford Odets in second-hand bookshop. </li></ul>* Clifford Odets: leading dramatist of the theatre of social protest in the United States during the 1930s.
  8. 8. 1944 <ul><li>The Man Who Had All The Luck premieres on Broadway but closes after six performances. </li></ul>
  9. 9. All My Sons <ul><li>1947 All My Sons premieres and receives the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award, and the Donaldson Award. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ All My Sons” is based upon a true story, which Arthur Miller's then mother-in-law pointed out in an Ohio newspaper. </li></ul><ul><li>The story described how a woman informed on her father who had sold faulty parts to the U.S. military during World War II. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>1949 Death of a Salesman premieres and receives the Pulitzer Prize and numerous other awards. </li></ul>Death of a Salesman
  12. 12. 1949 <ul><li>Attends the pro-Soviet Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Peace at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel to chair an arts panel with Odets and Dmitri Shostakovich. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Meets Marilyn Monroe for the first time. </li></ul>1951
  14. 14. <ul><li>First film production of Death of a Salesman , with Frederic March. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1952 <ul><li>Visits the Historical Society &quot;Witch Museum&quot; in Salem, to research for The Crucible . </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The Crucible premieres. Receives Tony and Donaldson Awards. </li></ul>1953
  17. 17. “ Crucible” <ul><li>a container of metal or refractory material employed for heating substances to high temperatures. </li></ul><ul><li>a severe, searching test or trial. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 1954 <ul><li>Asked to attend the Belgian premiere of The Crucible , but unable to attend due to denied passport. </li></ul>
  19. 19. 1955 <ul><li>A View from the Bridge premieres. </li></ul>
  20. 20. A View from the Bridge <ul><li>It was based upon an un-produced screenplay that Miller developed with Elia Kazan in the early 1950s, entitled The Hook, dealing with corruption on the Brooklyn docks. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Lives in Nevada for six weeks in order to divorce Mary Slattery. </li></ul><ul><li>Marries Marilyn Monroe. </li></ul>1956
  22. 22. <ul><li>Subpoenaed to appear before HUAC. </li></ul><ul><li>Receives honorary Doctor of Human Letters (L.H.D.) from the University of Michigan. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>1957 Convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to name names to the House Un-American Activities Committee. </li></ul><ul><li>1958 United States Court of Appeals overturns his contempt conviction. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>1961 Divorces Marilyn Monroe. </li></ul><ul><li>The Misfits (film) premieres. </li></ul><ul><li>1962 Marries Inge Morath. </li></ul><ul><li>Marilyn Monroe dies. </li></ul>
  25. 25. 1968 <ul><li>The Price premieres. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>In 1969, Miller's works were banned in the Soviet Union after he campaigned for the freedom of dissident writers. </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout the 1970s, Miller spent much of his time experimenting with the theatre, producing one-act plays such as Fame and The Reason Why, and traveling with his wife, producing In The Country and Chinese Encounters with her. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Both his 1972 comedy The Creation of the World and Other Business and its musical adaptation, Up from Paradise, were critical and commercial failures. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>In 1983, Miller traveled to the People's Republic of China to produce and direct Death of a Salesman at the People's Art Theatre in Beijing. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>The play was a success in China and in 1984, Salesman in Beijing , a book about Miller's experience in Beijing, was published. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>1994 Broken Glass premieres. </li></ul><ul><li>1995 Receives William Inge Festival Award for distinguished achievement in American theater. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>New York City revivals of The Man Who Had All the Luck and The Crucible. </li></ul><ul><li>Inge Morath dies. </li></ul><ul><li>Premiere of Resurrection Blues . </li></ul>2002
  32. 32. 2004 <ul><li>New York City revival of After the Fall . </li></ul><ul><li>Premiere of Finishing the Picture . </li></ul>
  33. 33. 2005 <ul><li>Dies of heart failure in Connecticut home on 10th February. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Miller Quotations <ul><li>Few of us can easily surrender our belief that society must somehow make sense. </li></ul><ul><li>I could not use the name of another person and bring trouble on him. </li></ul><ul><li>Literature has to speak to the present condition of man’s life and thus has to implicitly stand against injustice as the destroyer of life. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Miller on the Devil <ul><li>… even now we’re not that far removed from Salem. The Other is still considered the Devil.… Too often what we regard as the devil is merely our desires, fears and guilt—our humanity. </li></ul>Arthur Miller, 1959
  36. 36. Puritan Clothing
  37. 37. <ul><li>The clothing for a man of the early 17th century who lived in Salem Village consisted of a number of garments, mostly still recognizable today. </li></ul><ul><li>The basic garment was the linen shirt, which was considerably longer and looser than its modern counterpart. </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Breeches were designed in a variety of styles and fabrics, from elaborate trunk hose to plain knee-length. </li></ul><ul><li>Stockings were tailored of cloth or could have been the relatively new knit type. </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Shoes were the most common sort of footwear, but boots had become fashionable as a result of Charles I’s fondness for them. </li></ul><ul><li>A doublet, close-fitting and padded, was the usual upper garment. </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Capes and loose-fitting coats were the usual outer-wear for men and women. </li></ul><ul><li>There were many styles of hats and caps which were worn inside and outdoors. </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Women had a basic undergarment much like the shirt, which was called a shift. </li></ul><ul><li>Over this she wore her stays (corset) and petticoats. </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>The outermost clothing was either a gown or a waistcoat (fitted jacket) and skirt. </li></ul><ul><li>Most adult women wore a linen cap called a coif covering their hair. </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>Their shoes and stockings, capes, coats and hats were much the same as the men’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Aprons protected the skirts from the myriad chores of the day. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Witch Trial History
  45. 45. Salem Witch Trials, 1692 Trial of Rebecca Nurse
  46. 46. Examination of Betty Parris
  47. 47. Hanging of George Burrows
  48. 48. Witch Trial
  49. 49. Characters <ul><li>John Proctor </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth Proctor </li></ul><ul><li>Abigail Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Warren </li></ul><ul><li>Rev. John Hale </li></ul><ul><li>Rev. Samuel Parris </li></ul><ul><li>Betty Parris </li></ul><ul><li>Dep . Gov . Danforth </li></ul><ul><li>Judge Hathorne </li></ul><ul><li>Giles Corey </li></ul><ul><li>Rebecca Nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Putnam </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Ann Putnam </li></ul><ul><li>Sarah Good </li></ul><ul><li>Tituba </li></ul>
  50. 50. Biblical Note <ul><li>“ Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.” —Exodus. </li></ul><ul><li>The only reference to witches in the Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>Term not defined, nor does the bible tell you how to identify a witch. </li></ul>