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How The United States Declares War

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The Constitution did address declaring war, giving Congress that power. However, we haven't done it that way in 75 years. What is war? How do we go to war? Are we at war now? All questions that are more and more applicable.

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How The United States Declares War

  1. 1. How The United States Declares War
  2. 2. How does the United States go to war? It’s not as clear cut as many think. And it’s been a while since we’ve done it as laid out in the Constitution.
  3. 3. The last time, as written in the Constitution, War was declared by a joint resolution of Congress and executed by the President was against Rumania (yes, spelled that way) on 4 June 1942.
  4. 4. On The United States and Declaring War Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution declares that “Congress shall have the power to declare War.”. However, it’s not designated exactly how Congress does that. In fact, war isn’t in Section Eight until Clause 11, where it also allows us to hire pirates to attack our enemies. Seriously.
  5. 5. We’ve Declared War that Way 11 Times. The first was17 June 1812 when we declared was against Great Britain. On Mexico. 12 May 1846 On Spain. 25 April 1898 On Germany. 6 April 1917 On Austria-Hungary. 7 Dec 1917 On Japan. 8 Dec 1941 On Germany. 11 Dec 1941 On Italy. 11 Dec 1941 On Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania. 4 June 1942
  6. 6. On The United States and Declaring War Korea, Vietnam, Dominican Republic, Grenada (remember those?), Lebanon, Iraq, Afghanistan, etc. etc. were Congress allowing the President to send our troops in harm’s way, which is opposite the way the Founding Fathers intended.
  7. 7. On The United States and WarTechnically we’re not even at war any more. The “War” in Iraq ended on 28 December 2014. The “War” in Afghanistan ended even earlier, on 15 December 2011. This guy didn’t get the memo.
  8. 8. We currently are conducting military actions in six countries (that we know of publicly): Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Somalia, Yemen, and now, Syria. On The United States and War
  9. 9. U.S. SOF (Special Operations Forces), of which I was a member, are deployed in over 100 countries around the world. The goal is normally to get others to fight a war on the side we desire or defend against aggressors. We also conduct Direct Action and Strategic Recon and some other things. On The United States and War
  10. 10. Carl Von Clausewitz, who by just saying his name makes you a military ‘expert’, stated that: Military Strategy
  11. 11. Above all, military leaders need a strategic goal. Unfortunately, such goals have been nebulous, ever since the last formally declared war: World War II. And thus, we actually have not truly ‘won’ a war. I’m not certain if such a thing is possible in the modern world. With the world remaining intact. Military Strategy
  12. 12. As contained in an unclassified CIA document, the definition of victory in the War on Terror is defined as: Victory against terrorism will not occur as a single, defining moment. It will not be marked by the likes of the surrender ceremony on the deck of the USS Missouri that ended World War II. However, through the sustained effort to compress the scope and capability of terrorist organizations, isolate them regionally, and destroy them within state borders, the United States and its friends and allies will secure a world in which our children can live free from fear and where the threat of terrorist attacks does not define our daily lives. Victory, therefore, will be secured only as long as the United States and the international community maintain their vigilance and work tirelessly to prevent terrorists from inflicting horrors like those of September 11, 2001. The War on Terror
  13. 13. From a military perspective I find the previous definition of winning rather vague and nebulous with no end-game. What must be factored in to our never-ending military endeavors is the military-industrial complex. More on that in another presentation. The War on Terror
  14. 14. We hope you’ve found this presentation useful. On The United States and War
  15. 15. There are some free books on my freebies page at my web site. I blog occasionally about random thoughts, Cool Gus and ‘stuff’. Blog Feel free to sign up for my newsletter to get inside info, secret pictures of Cool Gus and Sassy Becca, and book and audiobook specials not available to others Newsletter My other social media links. Twitter Facebook Google + Instagram Youtube Wattpad Look! Squirrel! www.bobmayer.com

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